History of Oklahoma

By | September 23, 2022

Oklahoma, a fairly centrally located state in America with the nickname Sooner State. According to ablogtophone, Oklahoma has an area of ​​181,196 km² and approximately 3.9 million inhabitants. Oklahoma City is the state capital.

The state of Oklahoma was visited by French and Spanish explorers in both the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, but it was not until 1824 that forts were built in the area by Americans. America had acquired the area in 1803 through the so-called Louisiana Purchase, in which America bought an area of ​​about 2.1 million km² west of the Mississippi River from France for 15 million dollars.

America initially used the area mainly to expel Native American tribes there. The soil in Oklahoma was so arid that the Americans still considered it the best destination for the soil. Five large and well-developed Indian tribes (Cherokese, Choctaws, Creeks, Ckickasaw and Seminoles) came to the area and founded small republics with their own constitutions. These Native Americans held slaves and so sided with the southern Confederate States during the American Civil War (1861-1865).

After the American Civil War, the Native American tribes lost a significant portion of their land and white settlers also settled in the area. After this, several Indian reservations were also abolished and given to the white population. The population increased rapidly during this period. The white settlers who were the first to claim land in the area were known as Sooners. This is where the state’s nickname comes from: Sooner State.

According to bestitude, Oklahoma became the 46th state to join the Union on November 16, 1907.

Flag

Oklahoma Flag

The flag of Oklahoma consists of a blue area with a shield of the Osage Indians in the middle. Under this shield is the name of the state in white. Some crosses can be found on the shell, these stand for peace. The olive branch and the peace pipe that can be seen in the shield also symbolize this. The flag has been officially in use since April 2, 1925. However, the name of the state was not added to the flag until 1951.

Oklahoma first got its flag in 1911. This flag consisted of a red area with in it a blue-rimmed white star with the number 46 in it. This number could be found on the flag because Oklahoma was the 46th state to join the Union. In the 1920s, however, resistance to the flag arose. This is because the red color was often associated with communism. During a referendum it was decided that a different flag should be used.

Washita Battlefield National Historic Site

In 1868, a significant battle took place on the prairies of the Washita River, located northwest of the town of Clinton. Just before dawn on November 27, 1868, a Native American village was attacked by American soldiers. That’s when the Seventh Cavalry of Colonel George Custer and the fighters of the Cheyenne chief called Černý kotlík – Black Kettle clashed here. However, it was an unequal fight that ended in a heavy defeat for the Indians. Almost a hundred of them were shot here, their cattle slaughtered, the camp burned and their provisions for the winter stolen.

Decimated and defeated, the tribe was forced to leave their land and agree to move to a hated reservation. Even many years after his death, Chief Black Kettle is revered among the Native American population as a prominent leader who never stopped striving for peace, even when his efforts ultimately cost him his life.

Today, this place where the Indians experienced a sad defeat is the Washita Battlefield Historical Park, which was established in 1965. It can be found about 150 miles west of the capital city of Oklahoma City. The park was also listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1966 and is administered by the National Park Service. You can get important information about the battle at the Washita Battlefield Historical Park Visitor Center as well as the Black Kettle Museum.