History of Ohio

By | September 23, 2022

Located in the northeastern United States with an area of ​​116,096 km². The state’s nickname is Buckeye State. According to ablogtophone, Ohio has approximately 11.5 million inhabitants. Columbus is the state capital.

Before whites colonized the area of ​​present-day Ohio, it had been inhabited by Native Americans for centuries. Remains have been found that show that the area has been inhabited by Native Americans since 3000 BC. It is also known that the so-called Adena Indians practiced agriculture in the area from 800 BC.

French explorers were the first whites to penetrate the area in 1669. Louis Jolliet did this by touring Lake Erie and Robert de la Salle touring the Ohio River. The area was initially in French hands, but that country lost the area to the English, who soon moved to the area in large numbers. To promote colonization, a so-called Ohio company was established in Virginia in 1747.

During the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763) there was heavy fighting in the area by, among others, the English, French and Indians. It was only after the suppression of Pontiac’s Indian Rebellion that the English were able to re-establish their authority in the area.

There was also heavy fighting in Ohio during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). After this war, the area became American. Ohio became part of the Northwest Territory in 1787. After this, colonization started quickly.

According to bestitude, Ohio joined the Union as a state on March 1, 1803.

Flag

Ohio Flag

The Ohio state flag is the only US state flag that is not rectangular. The large blue triangle symbolizes Ohio’s hills and valleys, and the stripes represent Ohio’s roads and waterways, the most important of which is the Ohio River. There are seventeen stars in the blue triangle because Ohio was admitted to the Union as the seventeenth state.

Perry’s Victory & International Peace Memorial

Perry’s Victory & International Peace Memorial commemorates the important Battle of Lake Erie, which (as the name suggests) took place near Lake Erie during the War of 1812. The battle took place near South Bass Island, so it was for a naval battle that was one of the largest in the war. It was then that Captain Oliver Hazard Perry was victorious over a strong enemy.

The monument was erected here after the war to symbolize the eternal peace between Great Britain, Canada and the United States of America. The monument was named Perry’s Victory and International Peace Memorial National Monument after Perry’s victory. On June 2, 1936, it was ceremonially unveiled by then-President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Like all other monuments managed by the National Park Service, Perry’s Victory Memorial has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1966. It is the only peace monument under the NPS.

The monument is 107 meters high and its shape resembles a massive Doric column. It was built in Put-in-Bay, Ohio, and was designed by a multinational commission. Under the stone floor of the monument lie the remains of three American and three British officers. The memorial itself was completed in 1915, but a lack of funds caused the construction of the surrounding memorial complexes to be delayed. In 1919, the government took control of the monument and additionally financed it. In 2002, $2.4 million was spent on the construction of a new visitor center. Today, the monument is visited by around 200,000 people a year.

William Howard Taft National Historic Site

William Howard Taft was born on September 15, 1857. He was an important politician, statesman, lawyer, and in the years 1909-1913, also the 27th president of the United States of America. His predecessor was Theodore Roosevelt. Before entering office, he was the leader of the progressive wing of the Republican Party. He was also an important pacifist, which is why he practiced so-called dollar diplomacy in foreign policy even during his term of office.

William came from a family of lawyers and entered politics very cautiously. He was Governor of the Philippines in 1901 and Secretary of War during Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency. He quickly became president thanks to his promise to lower tariffs on imported goods. As a member of the Republican Party, he did not avoid conflicts with the progressive Republican wing. In the 1912 election, former President Roosevelt became a staunch opponent of Taft and ran against him for the newly formed Progressive Party. This division of the Republicans ultimately made it easier for the Democratic candidate, Woodrow Wilson, to win.

After serving as president, Taft became the 10th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. In the years 1913 – 1921 he worked as a professor at Yale University. He died on 3/8/1930. Today, there is a National Historic Site named for this president in Cincinnati, Ohio. It is actually the house where the 27th president of the USA spent a significant part of his youth until he was 25 years old. The site was declared a National Monument in 1969 and today is under the protection of the National Park Service.