US state with an area of 139,509 km². The state is nicknamed Old North State and Tar Heel State. The capital of North Carolina is Raleigh. According to ablogtophone,about 9.6 million people live in the state.
The area of the present state of North Carolina was formerly inhabited by various Native American tribes such as the Cherokee. As far as is known, the first white person to visit the area was the Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano. This in 1524. In 1540 the Spanish explorer and conquistador Hernando de Soto also visited the area, but it was not colonized until 1585. The British Walter Raleigh then founded a colony on Roanoke Island. However, this colony failed, as did another colony established by the British.
Real colonization only started in 1622. Inhabitants of the state of Virginia populated the area and in 1629 the area received its own charter from King Charles I. The area was later named after this king.
Although colonization had now taken on some serious forms, things continued to be difficult for the settlers. This is partly due to wars with the Indians, of which the Tusacarora War (1711-1713) is the best known. Immigrants, especially from Scotland and Germany, ultimately ensured that the area experienced a period of prosperity in the eighteenth century.
During the American Civil War (1861-1865), North Carolina sided with the southern Confederate States. According to bestitude, on November 21, 1789, North Carolina joined the Union as a state.
Flag of North Carolina
The flag of the state of North Carolina consists of a blue vertical strip on the hoist side with two horizontal stripes in the colors red and white next to it. In the blue vertical band are the initials of the state with a white star in the middle.
Two dates can be found in two yellow ribbons above and below these initials. The top date is May 20, 1775. This date refers to the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence pronounced that day. With this proclamation, Mecklenburg County, located in North Carolina, gained independence from the United Kingdom at the start of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). The date in the lower ribbon is April 12, 1776 and refers to the so-called Halifax Resolves, a resolution that authorized North Carolina delegates to the second Continental Congress to support the United States Declaration of Independence.
Wright Brothers National Monument
Brothers Orville and Wilbur Wright were the creators of the first heavier-than-air aircraft called the Kitty Hawk. Although neither of the brothers had the necessary education, they managed to create everything thanks to their skill and imagination. They were into cycling and at the same time admired sailing, so they decided to try to build a bicycle with wings and a petrol engine to power it.
Both brothers lived in Dayton and after graduating from high school began designing and manufacturing bicycles – the Wright Cycle Company. In this way, they secured the necessary finances for their flight experiments, which they started already in 1899. Since the brothers worked on research together, they both have equal credit for the development of the airplane. They first produced gliders with which they completed more than 1,000 flights, later in 1903 they patented a new steering method, which was based on controlling the aircraft around three axes. The patent was registered on May 22, 1906 as “US patent” number 821,393 – “Flying Machine”.
In 1903, they built an airplane originally named the Wright Flyer, better known today as the Kitty Hawk, which had a self-made propeller and an engine made in their bike shop. This engine was better than ordinary engines produced at the time, mainly because of its light weight. A bicycle chain was used for transmission. On December 17, 1903, each of them managed to take off with the machine. Orville was the first to fly, his flight was 39 meters long and lasted 12 seconds. He was even captured in their most famous photograph.
The last fourth flight that took place that day was already a real controlled flight. Wilbur flew to a distance of 279 meters and the flight lasted 59 seconds. These flights made a significant mark in the history of aviation, as they were the first demonstrable public flights. The attempt of the Wright brothers immediately got into almost every newspaper. All flights took place at Huffman Prairie Flying Field near their hometown of Dayton. Soon after the first flight, the brothers applied for a patent for the plane, but did not fly until 1908 – they were afraid that their patent would be revealed.
Today, the Wright Brothers National Memorial is located on the site of the first successful flight of a heavier-than-air aircraft. We find it in Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina. It is an 18-meter-high granite monument that was erected in 1932 on the 27-meter-high Kill Devil Hill. Today, the monument commemorates the enormous contribution of both brothers to the field of aviation.