History of Nevada

By | September 23, 2022

Nevada, a state in the east of America nicknamed The Silver State. According to ablogtophone, Nevada has an area of ​​286,585 km² and more than 3 million inhabitants. Carson City is the capital of the city.

Before the arrival of European settlers, the area of ​​what is now Nevada was inhabited by several Native American tribes. It is known that Spanish missionaries invaded the area in 1776. In 1825, a voyage of discovery followed by fur trader Peter Skene Ogden, an explorer of the Hudson Bay Company in Canada. Ogden made another trip through the area in 1828. From the south, the area was explored around the same time by the hunter and explorer Jedediah Smith.

After gold was discovered in California in 1849, the colonization of Nevada really started. Ten years later (1859) the Comstock Lode, a rich silver and gold mine, was discovered in Nevada.

Nevada was declared a territory in 1861. The area then separated from the Utah Territory to which it belonged until then and also took its current name: Nevada, a Spanish word meaning “snowy.” According to bestitude, Nevada joined the Union as a state on October 31, 1864.

Flag & motto

Nevada Flag

The Nevada state flag consists of a blue field with a white star in the top left corner surrounded by some branches of gray sage and the name of the state. Above the star are the words Battle Born in a gold ribbon. This refers to Nevada joining the Union as a state during the American Civil War.

Old Spanish National Historic Trail

This historic route served in the past as a route for emigrants heading from Arizona or Mexico to California. In 1829, the trail also began to be used for commercial purposes, the Mexican merchant Antonio Armijo led the first caravan from Santa Fe to San Gabriel (near present-day Los Angeles). However, the journey was difficult, it led through a dry desert landscape, so mules and people had to endure a long time without water. The trail was used for commercial purposes for another 20 years, until 1848. Not only various goods, but also slaves were traded here. Whoever set out on the journey had to reckon with possible Indian raids or horse theft.

The original Hopi, Navajo, Pueblo, Utes and Apache Indian tribes knew this 2,700-mile long trail long before the arrival of white settlers. They used different parts of the trail in their hunts. The Spanish Trail was named by the American John C. Frémont, who traveled west to Oregon and California along this route during a military campaign. The name derives from the old Spanish colonies in northern New Mexico and southern California that were connected to this line. No fortifications were built on the route for the soldiers and they found no facilities here. Therefore, they had to provide everything themselves, including food, water and lodging. Today, you will find only a few documents about its historical use on the route, but it is still worth driving at least a small part of it.

Pony Express National Historic Trail

The Pony Express courier service operated in America between 1860 and 1861. Its main task was to transport mail from the East Coast to the West Coast. Since there were no railroads at the time, postal lines were the only thing that connected the American coast. The principal mail company at that time was Wells, Fargo & Co., whose stagecoaches, however, could not cover the distance from east to west in less than three months.

The newly formed company Russel, Major and Waddel therefore came up with the idea of replacing stagecoaches with lone horse riders. Their advantage would be speed, which would shorten the shipping time to a few days. However, such a lone rider (even if equipped with a weapon) was an easy target for Indians or marauding bands. A rider’s weekly wage was $25, which was twice the average worker’s wage at the time.

The first rider to be sent along this route was William Richardson on April 8, 1860. However, the most famous rider of the Pony Express was William Frederic Cody, aka Buffalo Bill. The route with a total length of 3000 km led from the city of Saint Joseph in the state of Missouri, continued through Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, Nevada to Sacramento, California. Each rider was provided with enough food and drink. Mail was carried in four leather bags, so-called mochilas, which were attached to the saddle. One rider usually transported about 15 kg of parcels. His duty was to ride the jet on his horse to the nearest station, where he changed his horse and continued on. The individual stations were 20 km apart.

Since the Pony Express was not supported by the state, this line was heavily loss-making. The only thing that kept her alive was the rapid delivery of breaking news to newspapers on both coasts. In 1861, however, the transcontinental telegraph was built, and therefore the Pony Express ceased operations on October 20, 1861. During its existence, 305 journeys were made here in both directions and 34,753 parcels were transported.