History of Montana

By | September 23, 2022

Montana, a state in the north of America nicknamed Treasure State. According to ablogtophone,Montana has an area of ​​381,156 km² and approximately 1 million inhabitants. Helena is the state capital.

Before the arrival of Europeans, the area of ​​present-day Monatana was inhabited by various Indian tribes. In 1742, the French brothers Francois and Louis Joseph de Vérendrye were the first whites to invade the area. The area became really famous after the travels of Meriwether Lewis and William Clark who explored the continent at the behest of President Thomas Jefferson.

It was around this time that many fur traders moved to the area from St. Louis, Missouri. Because in the same period many English fur traders moved to the area on behalf of the Hudson Bay Company in Canada, this led to conflicts. In 1846, this problem was solved by the signing of the Oregon Treaty establishing the definitive boundaries.

The mission that the Belgian missionary Pierre-Jean de Smet kept in the area has become famous. The Flemish Jesuit tried, among other things, to convert the Indians. Among many Native Americans he was known as Great Black Skirt.

Gold was first discovered in the state of Montana between 1862 and 1864. This led to a gold rush and conflicts with the Native Americans. In Montana, the whites especially had many conflicts with the Sioux Indians. This Indian tribe defeated an army of American General Custer at Little Bighorn on June 25, 1876.

From 1875, more and more settlers moved to Montana, partly because of the discovery of silver and copper. By 1864, Montana had already become a separate territory. According to bestitude, on November 8, 1889, Montana joined the Union as a state.

Flag

Montana Flag

The state name is written in large letters on the Montana flag. Below is the seal of the state. On the stamp is a plow, with a pickaxe and a shovel. In a white ribbon at the bottom of the seal is written the motto of the state: Oro y plata. This is Spanish for ‘Gold and Silver’ referring to the discovery of both metals in the area.

Yellowstone National Park

Yellowstone National Park, which covers the territory of the state of Wyoming (91% of the park), Montana (7.6%) and Idaho (1.4%), is a real pearl among national parks. It was declared as early as 1872, making it the oldest national park in the world. It got its name from the Yellowstone River that flows through it. About 80% of the park is covered by forests, the rest is made up of meadows and water bodies. It is particularly interesting for its hot springs, geysers, bubbling mud pits, canyons, waterfalls and eroded lava flows.

The unique collection of geysers is one of the biggest tourist attractions of the park. There are around a hundred waterfalls and many hot volcanic geysers. This volcanic activity is a remnant of a huge volcanic explosion that occurred approximately 640 thousand years ago. Water from rains and melting snow reaches a kilometer depth, where it meets the hot layers of rocks lying on top of the magma, and the water subsequently heats up to 400°C. As the pressure increases, the water comes back to the earth’s surface. The most famous geyser is Old Faithful, which erupts at regular intervals to a height of 36 meters. The eruption sometimes lasts up to 5 minutes, and during that time the geyser spews out 30,000 liters of boiling water.

Mud volcanoes are also among the most popular places in the park, despite the fact that escaping gas bubbles through them, which often has a characteristically unpleasant smell due to the content of sulfur compounds. In the northern part of the park we can find another attraction in the form of travertine terraces called Mammoth Hot Springs Terraces. Over the terraced system of white pools, mineral water flows, which constantly brings new elements to settle. However, many of the springs that fed the pools have already dried up, leaving parts of the terraces dry.

Fairly frequent forest fires are inherent to the park. However, scientists have found that these fires do not damage the local ecosystem, but significantly contribute to the further development of the local area. Therefore, if the fire started spontaneously and naturally, the park administrators let it run its course and do not extinguish it. However, it must not reach such proportions as in 1988, when, after a very dry summer, fire destroyed 36% of the park’s area. The main culprit of this tragedy was the strong wind, which spread the fire very quickly, and in the end even 25,000 firefighters were unable to bring it under control. Yellowstone then burned for 4 months and its further devastation was prevented only by autumn rains.

Yellowstone National Park has become home to a vast array of wild animals, perhaps most notable to European visitors are the herds of free-ranging bison. Other inhabitants are wapiti deer, moose, coyotes, grizzly bears and beavers. The undisturbed landscape here, on which there are no visible traces of human activity, is an ideal refuge for them.

Today, the park is managed by the NPS – National Park Service, which protects hundreds of other parks and reservations throughout the United States of America. Yellowstone receives around 3 million visitors each year, yet it remains intact and its beauty is preserved for generations to come.