Mississippi, southern state in America nicknamed Magnolia State. According to ablogtophone, Mississippi has an area of 125,546 km² and approximately 3 million inhabitants. The state capital is Jackson.
Before Europeans colonized the present state of Mississippi, the area was inhabited by various Native American tribes. The first white person to visit the area in 1539 was the Spanish conquistador and explorer Hernando de Soto. Although the area was first explored by the Spanish, it was the French who established the first settlements in the building. Frenchman Robert de la Salle reached the mouth of the Mississippi River in 1682 and seized the area. In 1699 he founded Fort Maurepas near present-day Biloxi. Mississippi was part of the French colony of Louisiana at that time.
The area came under English rule in 1763 and was occupied by Spaniards in 1779. It was not officially ceded to the United States until 1795. Three years after this (1798) the Mississippi Territory was formed. According to bestitude, Mississippi joined the Union as a state on December 10, 1817.
Slavery was the order of the day in Mississippi. The slaves worked on the many cotton plantations that were located in the area. The state was one of the first states to secede from the Union in 1861, starting the American Civil War. The President of the Southern Confederate States of America was a native of the state of Mississippi: Jefferson Davis.
After the American Civil War, the state was under Northern rule for several years.
The Mississippi state flag consists of three horizontal stripes of blue, white, and red. In the upper left corner is the square war flag used by the Southern Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. The flag was adopted on February 7, 1894.
Because the flag is a tribute to the Confederate fallen during the American Civil War, it is regularly criticized. On April 17, 2001, a referendum was even held to adopt another flag. However, this proposal failed.
One of the decisive battles of the American Civil War took place near the town of Vicksburg in Mississippi from May 18 to July 4, 1863. The Union States defeated the Confederate States here. Today, this place is declared a National Military Park, where we can find reconstructed fortifications and trenches that evoke memories of the 47-day siege of the city.
The park includes 1,325 various historical monuments and remains of the battle, with a length of 32 km of historical trenches. Many of these attractions can be viewed directly from the road that passes through. There are old houses, cannons, the restored gunboat USS Cairo, which was sunk on December 12, 1862 on the Yazoo River. A memorial to this event was built on the hill, with 47 steps leading up to it – one for each day of the siege of Vicksburg.
The battle in 1863 took place in such a way that General Grant, after several futile attempts to capture the fortress of Vicksburg, set off south along the west bank of the Mississippi River. Splitting the Confederate army in two with skillful maneuvering, he captured the Mississippi state capital of Jackson and marched back to Vickburg. The retreating Southern general Pemberton was besieged at Vicksburg, and when it became clear that the fort could not be captured by a frontal attack, General Grant decided on a classic siege. During the campaign to the fort, Grant covered over 300 km in 19 days, in five major actions and several skirmishes he defeated the units of the numerically stronger enemy and inflicted significant losses on him. After almost 50 days of siege, when half of the entire garrison was dead, wounded or sick, the fortress surrendered.
It was a victory of an unfathomable price. Not only did more than 30,000 prisoners fall into the hands of the Federal army, but the capture of Vicksburg opened the Mississippi River to both military and commercial vessels from source to mouth. In the opposite direction, General Nathaniel P. Banks (controlling New Orleans) tried to open the waterway, primarily by conquering another strong southern possession, Port Hudson in Louisiana. Losing control of the Mississippi River was perhaps an even greater blow to the Confederacy than the defeat at Gettysburg.