History of Minnesota

By | September 23, 2022

State in the north of America nicknamed North Star State. According to ablogtophone, Minnesota has an area of ​​225,365 km² and approximately 5.3 million inhabitants. Minneapolis is the state’s largest city, but not the capital. The city of Saint Paul, also located on the banks of the Mississippi, is the capital of Michigan.

Before Europeans settled present-day Minnesoto, several Native American tribes, such as the Sioux, Ojibwe, and Chippewa, lived in the area. French explorers first invaded the area in the seventeenth century and founded several fortresses at the beginning of the eighteenth century.

The eastern part of the area belonged to French Canada and came into the hands of England in 1763 and the United States in 1783. Western Minnesota was part of the so-called Louisiana Territory and came under the American flag in 1803.

The first American fortress in Minnesota was built in 1819 by famed explorer Zebulon Pike. From this fort, the area was further explored by the Americans. This by famous travelers such as Lewis Cass, Stephen Long and Henry Schoolcraft. The latter discovered Lake Itasca and in 1832 the origin of the Mississippi River.

According to bestitude, Minnesota joined the Union as a state on May 11, 1858.

Flag & Seal

Minnesota Map

The Minnesota flag shows the state seal on a royal blue background. The seal is surrounded by the state flower, the royal lady’s shoe (cypripedium reginae). Outside of this is a gold-white-gold border with nineteen stars inside that symbolize that the state was the nineteenth state to join the United States.

Three years can be found on the top, left and right sides of the seal. Firstly, 1858 because Minnesota joined the US in that year, then 1819 because then the first American fort (Fort Snelling) was built, and finally 1893 because that is the year the Minnesota flag was adopted.

North Country National Scenic Trail

The North Country National Scenic Trail crosses a vast area of seven North American states and leads past historical, cultural, natural and scenic attractions. It was built through the efforts of many people, and once completed, it will be the longest continuous hiking trail in the United States of America. Thanks to the route, you can walk through many different landscapes of the states of North Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio, Pennsylvania up to New York. Established in 1980, the trail was originally designed to connect to other existing trails crossing North American states.

The 7,600 km long trail is mainly taken care of by volunteers, who try to constantly extend it and keep it in good condition. Thus, new and additional sections are constantly being developed, the existing accessibility is improving, which of course also attracts more and more visitors. Since 2008, more than 1,800 miles of this trail has been protected by the National Park Service, protecting a unique landscape with abundant recreational opportunities. The trail connects more than 160 attractive places, leads through forests, parks, nature reserves, natural phenomena and historical monuments.

The route includes ten national forest areas, four NPS-managed sites of interest, two wildlife refuges, 57 state parks and historic areas, 47 state forests, and many other locations. There are places on the trail that are ideal for outdoor activities, such as mountain climbing, cycling, horse riding, hiking, and skiing.

Pipestone National Monument

This place has been known since ancient times by the native Indian tribes living in this area who came here to get the sacred red stone “Catlinite”. The Indians made pipe heads, decorative and sacred products from it. This quarry was declared a national monument in 1937, and today only Native Americans have the right to mine here.

It was amazing how far the Indians would travel just to get some stone. They had to cover huge distances on their journeys. The condition for each pilgrim to be able to take stones from the quarry was that they were unarmed. When the Indians met other tribes, they all quickly understood that they were not on a war expedition, but on their way to the sacred land and had to leave them alone. Pilgrims always prayed before entering the quarry, and they did the same after obtaining their sacred stone.

In the past, however, it was also discovered by white settlers, namely in 1836, the painter and person interested in Indian culture, George Catlin, visited here. According to him, this talc is also named today. Thanks to Catlin’s paintings, a lot of information about the Indians living in the nineteenth century has also been preserved.

However, the first inhabitants of the area, even before the Indians, were hunters of mammoths and large bison in the 8th century BC. They founded small villages and settlements here, they lived mainly by hunting and gathering plants. With the arrival of the 16th and 17th centuries, the area was settled by the Dakota Indians, who were pushed here from the northern regions by the Ojibwe (Chippewa) tribe.

Nowadays, the quarry is an attractive tourist spot and there are numerous farms in its vicinity. There are excellent conditions for agriculture and farming here. Near the main entrance to the monument grounds is an interesting replica of one of the Minnesota forts that once stood here. Inside is a tourist center with a shop selling souvenirs, t-shirts, leather, books and other items.