History of Maryland

By | September 23, 2022

Maryland. State located in the east of America with the nickname Old Line State. According to ablogtophone, the state has an area of ​​32,160 km² and about 6 million inhabitants. Annapolis is the capital of the state of Maryland.

Originally Maryland was a British colony. George Calvert, baron of Baltimore, first led settlers to the area on March 25, 1634. The Maryland coast had already been discovered in 1524 by the Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano. The colony that George Calvert founded in Maryland in 1634 was named after Queen Henriette Maria, the Catholic wife of Charles I of England.

The real colonization of the area was led by Calvert’s son Cecil after the foundation of the first colony. The first English to populate the area were almost all Catholic. The colony was therefore founded, among other things, to create a refuge for persecuted Catholics. Some therefore believe that the state is named after the Blessed Virgin Mary. However, this is not the case.

According to bestitude, Maryland was one of the thirteen colonies that revolted against the British crown during the American Revolution (1775-1783).

During the American Civil War (1861-1865) the population was very divided. Most of the inhabitants, however, were loyal to the Union of Northern States. Maryland joined the United States of America as a state on April 28, 1788.

Flag

Maryland Flag

The state flag of Maryland is the banner of George Calvert, the baron of Baltimore, who led the early settlers to the area. The flag of Maryland is therefore unique. It is the only state flag based on British heraldry. Maryland has a law that states that the flag may only be hung from a flagpole that has a gold cross at the top.

Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail

The Potomac is a river in the United States of America that forms the natural border between the states of Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia. It flows through the east coast of the USA and is a tributary of the Atlantic Ocean. It meanders for a length of 665 km and the area of its basin is 38,018 square km. By basin area, the Potomac is the fourth largest river on the East Coast of the United States, and around 5 million people live in its basin area. Cities like Washington and Cumberland were built on the river.

The Potomac originates at an altitude of 391 meters in the state of Maryland. One of their most important tributaries is the Shenandoah River. The Potomac first flows in a northwesterly direction, then in its lower reaches it turns to the southwest and empties into the Chesapeake Bay.

Today, the course of the river is lined with a series of trails, the 830-mile long National Scenic Trail has been created in the corridor between the Potomac River and the Allegheny Highlands. This route is ideal for hiking, cycling or horse riding. It passes through beautiful nature, a forested river valley and between rocky slopes. The trail is lined with various types of trees, such as sycamore, oak, poplar, and beech, which provide pleasant shade in the summer.

Suitland Parkway

Suitland Parkway is a freeway crossing Washington DC and Prince George’s Country in Maryland. The highway is maintained by the US National Park Service. It was founded in 1937 and its construction continued even during the Second World War. It provided a road connection between military installations in Washington and the metropolitan agglomeration. It was officially opened on December 9, 1944.

Subsequently, it was connected to Camp Springs, the Bolling Air Air Force Base and the Pentagon. In total, the Suitland Parkway is 15.05 kilometers long. Its eastern border is with Pennsylvania Avenue and its western border is Interstate 295. The Suitland Parkway has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since June 2, 1995, and is also part of the National Highway System.

Thomas Stone National Historic Site

Thomas Stone (1743-1787) was an American planter who signed the American Declaration of Independence as an envoy for the state of Maryland. He was born in the town of Poyton Manor in UK County, Maryland. He attended a Scots school and later studied law in the office of Thomas Johnson. He was admitted to the bar, became a successful lawyer, and in 1764 established a practice in the city of Frederick. Stone was elected to Congress in 1775 and later served on the commission that drafted the Articles of Confederation in 1777. He was also briefly President of Congress in 1784. When he signed the Declaration of Independence, he made a significant mark in American history.

On an area of 322 acres, there is a plot of land with a house in Maryland that Thomas Stone bought in 1770. It has been considered a National Historic Site since 1997 and is open to the public. This colonial house is equipped with period furniture and brings visitors closer to what life was like during the times of the American Revolution. Thomas Stone NHS is located about 30 miles south of Washington.