History of Louisiana

By | September 23, 2022

Louisiana, located in the south of America, is nicknamed Pelican State. According to ablogtophone, Louisiana has an area of ​​134,382 km² and approximately 4.6 million inhabitants. The state capital is Baton Rouge.

The state of Louisiana was populated by Native American tribes such as the Choctaw before the arrival of Europeans. The first white person to visit the area is said to have been Spanish conquistador and explorer Pánfilo de Narváez. He discovered the mouth of the Mississippi River in 1528. Thirteen years after this discovery, the Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto explored the area.

Although the Spaniards were the first to visit the area, it was the French who were the first to establish settlements in the state. In 1699 the French brothers Pierre Le Moyne d’Iberville and Jean Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville founded a settlement. The area was donated to the merchant Antoine de la Mothe Cadillac a few years later (1712) by King Louis XIV.

In 1763 France surrendered the area to the Spaniards. This was against the wishes of the inhabitants of the area, who therefore revolted in 1768. However, this revolt was crushed by the Spaniards. France regained control of Louisiana in 1800. The Spaniards sold it to the French with the secret Treaty of San Ildefonso. However, the area would not remain in the hands of the French for long. Napoleon ceded the area to the United Stars in 1803.

According to bestitude, Louisiana became the United States on April 30, 1812, the 18th state. During the American Civil War (1861-1865), Louisiana joined the Southern Confederate States of America.

Flag and motto

Louisiana Flag

The Louisiana flag features the bird that symbolizes the southern state: the pelican. This animal has been a symbol of Christian charity since the Middle Ages, because when there is no food, the mother pelican allows her young to peck open her breast so that they can feed on her blood. Under the pelican is Lousiana’s motto: Union, Justice and Confidence.

Poverty Point National Monument

The village of Poverty Point, located in Louisiana, is one of the most important centers of the Hopewell culture. Its history dates back to around 1500 BC, when it was built on top of six huge ridges piled up from clay. The village was home to a large group of people whose livelihood was mainly fishing, farming and game hunting.

The much older Aden culture laid the foundation for the Hopewell culture. However, the Hopewell culture is much more significant and its heyday is dated to the period of 300 BC to 500 AD Typical for both of these cultures were the constructions of gigantic burial mounds, which were created by piling up the earth.

Inside these mounds were hidden graves, where rich collections of decorative items such as shells, shells, pearls and gold were buried together with the dead chiefs. The Hopewellians formed one of the first trade networks that ran along the Mississippi, Ohio, Alabama, and Missouri rivers from the Gulf of Mexico to Lakes Michigan and Ontario.

Mounds were mostly in the shape of animals, in addition to Poverty Point, the bird mound in Wisconsin (Lower Dells in Sauk County) with a width of 73 meters or the Great Serpent Mound (Great Serpent Mound in Adams County) in Ohio, which has a respectable length of 405 meters, is also known. The people of the Aden and Hopewell cultures were mainly united by a religious cult.

Shreveport

Shreveport is the third largest city and the capital of the third largest metropolitan area in the US state of Louisiana. It is the county seat of Caddo Parish, but extends into neighboring Bossier Parish. Bossier City is separated from Shreveport by the Red River. However, many people today combine the two cities into one and call it Shreveport – Bossier. Currently, around 210,000 people live in the city.

The town was founded in 1836 when the Shreve Town Company, which was developing the area around the Red River and the Texas Trail, chose the site as its headquarters. The city was named after a captain named Henry Miller Shreve who commanded the United States Army. Originally, the town consisted of sixty-four city blocks, eight streets running west of the Red River and eight streets running south of Cross Bayou, a tributary of the Red River.

Today, Shreveport is the commercial and cultural center of the region known as Ark-La-Tex, where the borders of three states – Arkansas, Louisiana and Texas – meet. It is also the center of an important agricultural area, but the petrochemical, engineering, cotton, chemical, food, glass and woodworking industries are also represented here. Unique Hummer cars are also produced here, which compete with off-road vehicles such as Jeep Grand Cherokee or BMW X3.