History of Kentucky

By | September 23, 2022

Located in western America. According to ablogtophone, Kentucky has a total area of ​​104,749 km² and approximately 4.3 million inhabitants. The state’s nickname is Bluegrass State.

The name of the state already shows that the area was formerly inhabited by various Indian tribes. The name Kentucky is derived from the Indian Ken-tah-teh which means as much as ‘land of tomorrow’.

The current state of Kentucky used to be part of the state of Virginia. According to bestitude, on June 1, 1792, Kentuky officially became a separate state and joined the United States. During the American Civil War (1861-1865), the state initially declared itself neutral, but after an army of the Confederate Southern States of America invaded the state in September 1861, Kentucky sided with the Union of Northern States.

Flag and motto

Kentucky Flag

The Kentucky flag was designed by American art teacher Jesse Cox and was commissioned in 1918. The blue flag bears the state seal showing two friends embracing each other. Surrounding this image is the state’s famous motto: “United We Stand, Divided We Fall”. This phrase comes from the song The Liberty Song, which was widely sung during the American Revolution (1775-1783). Twigs can be seen under the seal.

Mammoth Cave National Park

Mammoth Cave (English Mammoth Cave) is the longest cave in the world, it hides the most extensive labyrinth of corridors and underground paths. There are around 560 km of underground passages and halls in its limestone bedrock. However, this number is not final, every year the corridors are extended by several kilometers and new corridors are discovered. The cave can be found in the national park of the same name in the state of Kentucky in the United States of America and is its biggest attraction.

You can go on one of the many sightseeing routes in the cave, but you should definitely not miss a boat trip on the Echo River. The cave was discovered in 1797 by John Houchins, since then it has been gradually explored and revealed. However, the entrances to the cave have been known for several thousand years, as evidenced by archaeological excavations in the area. For several years, the cave was mined for guano, which was needed to make gunpowder.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the cave was gradually opened to the public and became a very popular attraction. However, it was also the subject of a dispute between the companies, who could not agree on which would collect money from visitors. In the following years, more and more corridors were discovered in the cave, which eventually connected with the surrounding caves. After the end of World War II, Mammoth Cave becomes the longest cave system in the world. In 1941, the cave and its surroundings were declared a national park covering an area of 214 km2 in Edmonson County. In 1972, the cave was connected with the then third longest cave in the world – Flint Cave.

The national park was subsequently inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1981 due to its uniqueness. Nowadays, the cave is already almost three times longer than the second longest cave in the world – the Optimist Cave located in Ukraine. The cave has become a home and refuge for many species of endangered animals and rare plant species are also found here. Two other large cave systems are located near the cave, such as Fisher Ridge with 172 km of passages and Martin Ridge with 51 km of passages. If these cave corridors could be connected with the Mammoth Cave, the resulting system would have a length of over 800 km of corridors.

Trail Of Tears National Historic Trail

The original inhabitants of Arkansas, Kentucky and other areas of North America were the Cherokee Indians, whose culture was among the most advanced in this part of America. The members of this tribe were mainly engaged in agriculture and their culture was so developed that they even had their own writing. At the beginning of the 19th century, these Indians were granted the status of a sovereign nation that had its own rights and obligations and was completely self-sufficient.

In 1838, during the administration of President Andrew Jackson, they were all forcibly removed to Oklahoma. The route they had to take involuntarily was called the Trail of Tears. It was an arduous march for a new home to an unknown landscape, to nowhere, during which more than 5,000 members of the tribe perished. Thanks to this inhumane act, the USA was able to seize more territory and greatly expand its land.

Those who were more fortunate managed to flee to the mountains and find a peaceful place to live. Their descendants live today in the number of several thousand individuals on the Qualla Indian Reservation. Here you will find an informational tourist center where you can get to know the life of simple Indians who achieved great cultural and general education for their time, and for which they paid in the end. There is even an Indian Village in the Oconaluftee area today.