According to historyaah, the State of Israel was created a little over half a century ago, but the early State of Israel was known from 2000 BC. like Judea. At different times it was under the rule of Babylon and Rome. The Romans renamed Judea to Palestine. For many centuries, this land was the scene of the struggle of the Arabs, the Crusaders, the Ottoman Empire, and finally, the British colonial power. Center of the three world religions – Jerusalem – c. 4 thousand years.
Around 2500 BC Semitic tribes of the Amorites fill large areas of Asia. Sargon the Ancient, king of Akkad (2441-2358 BC), founded the first Semitic kingdom. In 2000-1795 BC the Semitic tribes of the Canaanites and the tribe of the Jews of the biblical forefather Abraham come to Palestine and Mesopotamia. In 1717-1580 BC the Hyksos tribes, related to the Canaanites, conquer Palestine and Egypt. According to the Bible, at this time the descendants of Abraham moved to Egypt. In 1480 BC The Egyptians under Pharaoh Thutmose III defeat the Canaanites and Palestine becomes an Egyptian province. OK. 1300 BC – the resettlement of the Semitic Arameans in Palestine. In 1300 BC. e. the exodus from Egypt of the Jews, led by the prophet Moses. OK. 1200 BC in Palestine, peoples from the coast of the Aegean Sea, who in the Bible are called the Philistines, settle. Founding of Ashkelon Ashdod, Gaza. 1200-1025 BC – the reign of the judges. 1025-1011 BC reign of Saul, the first king of Israel. In 1000-961 BC King David establishes a state with Jerusalem as its capital. 961 – 22 BC – The reign of Solomon, son of David. See ehistorylib for more about Israel history.
In 950 BC e. construction of the First Temple in Jerusalem is completed. King Solomon concludes trade agreements with the Phoenician king Hiram I and the Queen of Sheba. After the death of Solomon, the state breaks up into Israel (in the north) and Judah (in the south) with the capital in Jerusalem. In 881-71 BC King Omri rules in Israel, and then his son Ahab. The old faith was replaced by the Phoenician cult of Waa-la. In 745-27 BC Assyria ravages Israel and imposes tribute on Judah. 722 BC the fall of the kingdom of Israel. In 639-09 BC The Chaldeans defeated Assyria and conquered Palestine. 586 BC – the fall of the Kingdom of Judah, the capture of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar II, the destruction of the First Temple. 586-38 BC — Babylonian captivity. 516 BC – Completion of the construction of the Second Temple. 332 BC Capture of Jerusalem by Alexander the Great. 332-167 BC — Hellenic period of Israel’s history. 169-141 BC – Revolt of the Maccabees. 167-63 BC – Hasmonean dynasty. 63 BC Capture of Jerusalem by Pompey and the beginning of the Roman period. 39-4 BC reign of King Herod I the Great. 4 BC – 40 AD reign of Herod Antipas. 26-36 AD – the reign of the Roman procurator Pontius Pilate. 33 – the crucifixion of Christ. 66-73 – Jewish war. 132-35 – Bar Kokhba revolt, suppressed by Emperor Hadrian. Jerusalem becomes a Roman colony of Elia Capitolina. 324 – the end of the Roman period. – the reign of the Roman procurator Pontius Pilate. 33 – the crucifixion of Christ. 66-73 – Jewish war. 132-35 – Bar Kokhba revolt, suppressed by Emperor Hadrian. Jerusalem becomes a Roman colony of Elia Capitolina. 324 – the end of the Roman period. – the reign of the Roman procurator Pontius Pilate. 33 – the crucifixion of Christ. 66-73 – Jewish war. 132-35 – Bar Kokhba revolt, suppressed by Emperor Hadrian. Jerusalem becomes a Roman colony of Elia Capitolina. 324 – the end of the Roman period.
324-638 – Byzantine period. 614-29 – Persian invasion. 639 – Beginning of Arab rule. 1099 Jerusalem is taken by the crusaders. 1099-1187 – rule of the crusaders. 1187 – Jerusalem is conquered by the Egyptian Sultan Saladin. 1229-50 – the second period of the reign of the crusaders. 1250-1517 – period of Mamluk rule. 1517-1917 – the period of Turkish rule. 1538-42 – construction of walls around Jerusalem. 1882 – the beginning of the Jewish colonization of Palestine, the foundation of the first Jewish settlement in Palestine – Petah Tikva. 1888 – First aliyah, the beginning of immigration to Palestine. 1897 – First Zionist Congress in Basel, Dr. Theodor Herzl announces the creation of a worldwide Zionist movement. 1909 – founding of Tel Aviv. 1917 – Balfour Declaration, the entry of British troops under the command of General Allenby into Jerusalem. 1917-48 – the period of the British Mandate. 1920 – the foundation of the first kibbutz. 1925 – Opening of Jerusalem University.
May 14, 1948 – Proclamation of the State of Israel May 15, 1948 – Invasion of the Arab armies. 1948-49 – War of Independence. 1948-52 – Chaim Weizmann – the first president of the State of Israel 1949 – the admission of Israel to the UN. 1956 – Sinai campaign against Egypt. 1967 – Six Day War. 1968-71 – war of attrition. 1973 – Yom Kippur War. 1978 – Camp David Agreement, signing of a peace treaty with Egypt. 1992 – peace talks between the Palestinians and Israel, the election of Yitzhak Rabin as prime minister. 1993 – Signing in Washington of documents on mutual recognition of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization. 1994 – signing in Cairo “Agreement on the introduction of Palestinian self-government in Gaza and Jericho.”