A state in the northwest of America that is nicknamed Hoosier State. The inhabitants of Indiana are also called Hoosiers, but it is unclear where this name comes from. According to ablogtophone, Indiana has an area of 94,321 km² and approximately 6.3 million inhabitants. The state capital is Indianapolis.
Before Europeans colonized the area, Indiana was populated by various Native American tribes such as the Miami. The Frenchman Robert de la Salle explored the area in 1679. Indiana was in French hands until the end of the eighteenth century. However, in 1763 the English took control of the area.
From 1787, Indiana was part of the so-called Northwestern Territory. Thirteen years later, this area was divided into two parts: Indiana and Ohio.
In Indiana, bloody battles have taken place, especially with the Miami Indians. The chief of these Indians, Little Turtle, defeated an army of General Harmar in 1790 and an army of General St. Clair in 1792. In the end, the Miami chief was defeated. This during the Battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794, which was led by General Anthony Wayne on behalf of the Americans.
According to bestitude, Indiana joined the United States on December 11, 1816, as the 19th . During the American Civil War (1861-1865), the state joined the Union of Northern States.
The Indiana flag shows a blue field with a gold torch surrounded by nineteen stars. The torch represents freedom and the nineteen stars refer to the fact that Indiana was nineteenth in the United States. The flag, designed by Paul Hadley, was adopted in 1917.
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore
The Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore Preserve is located near Lake Michigan in the state of Indiana. Although it is surrounded by one of the largest industrial zones in the world, it has managed to preserve its beauty and unique nature. Unfortunately, the view of a large number of factories, chimneys and power plants does not add much to the attraction of the place, so it is relatively neglected by tourists. Which is a shame, because the park itself is very nice.
The nature reserve occupies an area of 1530 acres and protects very valuable and interesting landscape features. The reservation is part of the federally administered Indian Dunes National Seashore and spans 15,000 acres of beautiful and diverse landscape. The park is criss-crossed by more than 16 miles of hiking trails that are not at all demanding, mostly through flat landscapes and sand dunes. The park also includes more than 3 miles of beautiful sandy beaches on the south shore of Lake Michigan. There are many picnic areas, shelters, campsites and a visitor center available to visitors.
People became interested in the park only at the beginning of the 20th century, they fought to save it, and finally, in 1925, Indian Dunes State Park was established here. A wide range of ecotypes can be found here, such as beaches, sand dunes, black oak forest, forested wetlands and scrub swamps. Together, these areas have become home to numerous animal and plant species of the Midwest. The area is therefore frequently visited by botanists, ecologists, but also ornithologists. The area is famous as a place suitable for observing many species of birds.
The sand dunes, after which the area is named, are slowly blown inland, where they gradually cover the forests. This creates the so-called tree burial grounds, which are places where the forest was covered with sand and then exposed again by the wind.
George Rogers Clark National Historical Park
George Rogers Clark National Historical Park is located in Vincennes, Indiana. It is situated in the southwest of the state and the Wabash River flows near it. The monument is currently undergoing renovation and should be reopened to the public in August 2009.
George Rogers Clark was an American soldier and a proud patriot who, with the help of a large army, occupied individual territories for the benefit of the United States of America. In 1778, for example, he came with two hundred men to Illinois and subdued the British garrisons. He also had the opportunity to win numerous Indian tribes to his side, but his arrogant behavior contributed to the fact that he eventually became an enemy to the Indians. The Wabash Indian tribes thus allied themselves with the British in 1778 and remained their allies until the end of the Civil War.
At this site, which is now a National Historic Park, visitors can learn about the history of the region as well as the life of Commander George Rogers Clark, who was a zealous conqueror of the American Northwest Territories. Maps, leaflets, brochures, information about the history, people and other interesting localities in the area are available in the visitor centre.