History of Hawaii

By | September 23, 2022

Hawaii, American state also known as Aloha State. According to ablogtophone, Hawaii consists of 137 volcanic islands in the middle of the Pacific Ocean west of the mainland US. The state has more than 1.3 million inhabitants and has a total area of ​​28,337 km², of which more than 40 percent consists of water. Honolulu is the capital of Hawaii.

Before Europeans settled the islands, Polynesians lived there. It is believed that the Polynesians colonized the islands around the first century AD. The first European to encounter the archipelago was British navigator James Cook who renamed the islands Sandwich Islands in 1778.

Kamehameha the Great

King Kamehameha I – also known as Kamehameha the Great – brought the islands together into one empire in the following period. Until then, the islands were almost all governed independently of each other.

Protestant missionaries traveled to the islands from 1820 and founded schools. The Hawaiian language was first recorded in these schools. American settlers also visited the archipelago during this period. These western visits did not lead to major conflicts with the native population. The subjects of Kamehameha the Great were known for their hospitality to strangers. Kamehameha died in 1819.

Hawaii remained an independent state for most of the nineteenth century. In 1893, however, American sugar planters staged a coup d’état. Queen Liliuokalani, the then monarch of Hawaii, was arrested. The coup accelerated the annexation of Hawaii by the US. The same year, Hawaii officially becomes an American Territory.

Hawaii Flag

According to bestitude, on August 21, 1959, Hawaii became the 50th member of the United States of America. At that time, the original population of the archipelago had already become a small minority in their own country. One of the islands of Hawaii is still autonomous: Niihau. Outsiders are not welcome on this island unless they are invited.

Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site

On the island of Hawaii is the Pu’ukohola Heiau Temple, which was built during the reign of King Kamehameha I in 1790-1791. Men, women and children worked on this construction under the leadership of Hawaiian commanders and two shipwrecked European sailors, John Young and Isaac Davis. At that time, King Kamehameha I extended his royal power to all the islands in the Hawaiian archipelago.

Pu’ukohola Heiau was a temple where religious services were regularly held and at the same time a kind of center of religious beliefs for all Hawaiians. Priests were said to be able to communicate with the gods and perform various ceremonies and rituals here. There were several of these temples on the islands, but most of them were destroyed in 1819 when they were banned.

Every year in August, Pu’ukohola Heiau hosts the Hawaiian Cultural Festival, where visitors can learn about the culture, traditions and customs of the islanders. In addition, typical Hawaiian crafts, dances, games and music are performed here. The temple is located in the Kawaihae area and was declared a National Historic Site on August 17, 1972.

USS Arizona Memorial

One of the historically significant monuments on the island of Hawaii is the USS Arizona Memorial. It can be found near the city of Honolulu, in the area of the so-called Pearl Harbor (Pearl Harbour) and is a reminder of the events that took place here on December 7, 1941. At that time, the Japanese air force invaded and destroyed a significant part of the American Pacific Fleet. Several thousand unsuspecting American sailors also died here in a matter of minutes that day.

The partially submerged ship USS Arizona, which was knocked out of combat during the Japanese raid, serves as a memorial to these events. Visitors here can feel real respect for the victims of the war. Above the wreck is a kind of floating body similar to a bridge, and in a specially constructed memorial you have the opportunity to visit places that wrote history. The sunken cruiser, which buried about 900 sailors forever, is located just a few meters below the sea level and can be reached by boat.

Visitors to the memorial can watch a half-hour film in which authentic footage from the 1941 raid is used. It is also possible to visit the museum or the Bowfin Pacific Submarine Park. Those interested are allowed to see the inside of the submarine, which took part in many combat actions in the Pacific during World War II.