History of Georgia

By | September 23, 2022

Georgia, located on the east coast of America. According to ablogtophone, Georgia is nicknamed the Peach State, referring to the inland fields with lots of peaches in addition to textiles, peanuts and nuts. Georgia has an area of ​​154,077 km² and approximately 10 million inhabitants. Atlanta is the state capital.

Before being colonized by Europeans, Georgia was mainly populated by Native American tribes such as the Cherokee. The first European to mention the state was the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León, who explored the coast of southern Florida by ship.

The first actual explorations of the state were made in 1540 by the Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto. Although the Spaniards arrived in the area first, the English managed to control the area in the following period. Especially in the eighteenth century, the English had a firm grip on the area. The Spaniards then controlled the southern state of Florida. The name of the state clearly shows that England had a lot of influence there. The state of Georgia was named after King George II of England.

Georgia Flag

Despite this English influence, Georgia was one of the thirteen colonies that revolted against British rule during the American Revolution (1775-1783). Georgia was the southernmost state to revolt against the British. According to bestitude, the state joined the United States of America on January 2, 1788, as the fourth state. During the American Civil War (1861-1865), Georgia joined the Southern Confederate States of America.

Trail Of Tears National Historic Trail

The original inhabitants of Arkansas, Georgia and other areas of North America were the Cherokee Indians, whose culture was among the most advanced in this part of America. The members of this tribe were mainly engaged in agriculture and their culture was so developed that they even had their own writing. At the beginning of the 19th century, these Indians were granted the status of a sovereign nation that had its own rights and obligations and was completely self-sufficient.

In 1838, during the administration of President Andrew Jackson, they were all forcibly removed to Oklahoma. The route they had to take involuntarily was called the Trail of Tears. It was an arduous march for a new home to an unknown landscape, to nowhere, during which more than 5,000 members of the tribe perished. Thanks to this inhumane act, the USA was able to seize more territory and greatly expand its land.

Those who were more fortunate managed to escape to the mountains and find a peaceful place to live. Their descendants live today in the number of several thousand individuals on the Qualla Indian Reservation. Here you will find a tourist information center where you can get to know the life of simple Indians who achieved great cultural and general education for their time, and for which they eventually paid. There is even an Indian Village located in the Oconaluftee area today.

Martin Luther King Jr National Historic Site

Martin Luther King Jr. he was the son of the Rev. Martin Luther King, Sr. and his wife, Alberta Williams King, who became an American Baptist preacher. However, he went down in world history as one of the most important leaders of the African-American movement for human rights.

His quest was to end racial segregation and discrimination, which only led to violence and civil unrest. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 for this work. Subsequently, he also began to deal with the problems of the African-American community in the USA, such as inequalities in education, career choices, health care and the right to vote. King organized and led protest marches of black residents for the right to vote, for the end of racial segregation and other civil rights. With these views, he had great success with the black population and thus became a prominent figure in the American political scene of the second half of the 1960s. Most of his proposed rights have been successfully incorporated into the legal order of the United States.

Martin Luther King was assassinated on April 4, 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee. He was giving a speech on the 2nd floor balcony of the Lorraine Motel around 6pm. His murder set off a series of riots in more than 60 cities. King’s funeral was held 5 days later and was attended by around 300,000 people. King’s killer was apprehended less than 2 months later and sentenced to 99 years in prison. In 1977, Martin Luther King was posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Jimmy Carter. Since 1986, the anniversary of his birth has been celebrated as a national holiday of the United States. In 2004, King also received the Congressional Gold Medal.

The place where Martin Luther King was born and raised was declared a cultural monument on May 5, 1977, and has been a National Historic Site since 1980. This important monument also includes the Ebenezer Baptist Church, where King’s father, Martin Luther King Sr., preached. Spread over an area of 35 acres, the site is administered by the government and honors the life of this freedom and human rights fighter.