Delaware: small state on the east coast of America. According to ablogtophone, Delaware has an area of 6,452 square kilometers (of which more than 21 percent is water) and a population of approximately 945,934. This state’s nickname is First State. Delaware has Dover as its capital.
According to bestitude, the tiny state of Delaware was the first state to ratify the U.S. Constitution in 1787. The date on which that was done, December 7, can be found in the flag of the state. Delaware’s nickname, First State, also refers to this constitutional ratification. Originally, Delaware was populated by Native American tribes such as the Lenni Lenape.
The Dutch were the first Europeans to establish a colony in the area around 1630. This first colony, Zwaanendael, did not survive due to problems with the Indian population.
The first permanent settlement in the area arose eight years later, Fort Cristina, and was founded by the Swedes. The Dutch recapture the area from the Swedes in 1655, but even then do not hold it in their hands. The English took the area in 1663 and renamed it Delaware. This as a tribute to the then governor of Virginia: Lord De la Warr.
Newark is a city located in the northern part of the state of Delaware in the United States of America. It is located in New Castle County, southwest of Wilmington, near the borders with Maryland and Pennsylvania and covers an area of 23.1 km2. Currently, the city has a population of about 40,000, making it the third most populous city in the state and part of the Philadelphia metropolitan area.
Newark was founded by Scottish, Irish and Welsh settlers in 1694. It was not recognized as an official city until 1758 on the basis of a document he received from the British King George II. Schools and other educational institutions play an important role in the history of the city. The first grammar school here was founded in 1743 by Francis Alison, who moved from New London, Pennsylvania to Newark. Among the first graduates of this school were three signatories of the Declaration of Independence – George Read, Thomas McKean and James Smith.
During the Revolutionary War, British and American troops clashed near Newark during the Battle of Cooch’s Bridge. In 1833, the state granted the city the privilege of establishing a new school, which was called Newark College. The following year, Newark Academy and Newark College merged. In 1859, however, it was necessary for the school to close down. However, after eleven years, she was resurrected. The school was eventually renamed the University of Delaware in 1921. The university, which is surrounded by a botanical garden, is today one of the most prestigious in the United States and is attended by thousands of students.
The first major industrial plant in Newark was the paper mill, which was established here in 1798. It was known as Curtis Paper Mill and was the oldest paper mill in the United States, which was in continuous operation until its closure in 1997. In 1837 it was introduced into the city. railway and in 1812 the first Methodist church was built here.
Captain John Smith Chesapeake
The Chesapeake Bay is the largest bay in the United States located at the mouth of the Delaware River into the Atlantic Ocean. The area has great historical value, on September 5, 1781, an important naval battle took place here, which was part of the American War of Independence. The French fleet then defeated the British fleet here.
In addition, from 1607 to 1608, Captain John Smith undertook a reconnaissance expedition, from which the first detailed map of the area has been preserved. It was built in 1612, creating the first American national waterway. Nowadays, it is open to those interested throughout the year, only in the winter can some sections be closed. The waterway depends mainly on the current weather. In this area, you can learn more about John Smith’s historic expedition, the lives of Native Americans, and the diverse fauna and flora found in the bay.
In the 1970s, the bay was so heavily polluted by industry and agricultural waste that it was declared a dead zone by the sea. The water contained so little oxygen that it was not possible for any life to exist in it. In addition, the bay was overgrown with extensive algae cultures, which caused the sunlight not to penetrate to the bottom. Thus, a number of plants on which the fauna in the bay depended disappeared from the water.
Fortunately, the Chesapeake Bay Foundation was established to take an interest in the Gulf. Its activities have led to at least a partial improvement in the water level in the bay, but the former diversity of nature in all its beauty has not been restored.