History of California

By | September 23, 2022

California, located on the west coast of America. With 411,049 kmĀ² one of the largest states. According to ablogtophone, the state has about 39.5 million inhabitants and is nicknamed Golden State. California’s capital is Sacramento.

Europeans set foot on California soil from 1540 feet. Spaniards in particular move into the area from Mexico. However, the real colonization of California did not begin until 1769. At the same time as this colonization, the missionary work began. Countless Franciscans try to convert the original population to Christianity. One of the best known of these missionaries active in California is the Franciscan Junipero Serra, whose work even earned him the nickname Apostle of California.

Mexico

According to bestitude, California becomes part of Mexico in 1822. This after the revolution in Mexico that ensured that the country became independent from Spain. However, the Americans were very interested in the state. During the Mexican-American War, which lasted from 1846 to 1848, California declared its independence from Mexico and continued under the name Bear Flag Republic. After the Mexican-American War ended in 1848, California was taken over by the United States.

California Flag

California Gold Rush

That same year (’48) gold is found for the first time in California. This in the waters of the American River near the town of Coloma near Sacramento. Word of the gold find spreads quickly and leads to the California Gold Rush. Hundreds of thousands of prospectors scour the area in pursuit of gold. During the first year, a lot of gold is indeed found.

Yosemite NP – for bears to Uz-u-mati

Yosemite National Park is the third oldest park in the United States and one of the most visited places in the country. Although only a 6-hour drive from Los Angeles and easily accessible from San Francisco, you will find rugged mountainous and unspoilt nature. Today, the national park covers an area of 3,080 km2 in central California.

The park got its name from the old Indian name Uz-u-mati, which means grizzly bear. Before the arrival of whites, the Miwok Indian tribe lived in today’s national park. The first “pale faces” to visit their territory in 1849 were two gold diggers chasing a bear. Of course, the beautiful valley fascinated them so much that they told about it to everyone they met. Eventually, these rumors reached the then President of the United States, who in 1864 declared Yosemite a protected area.

A few years later, exactly in 1890, a national park with unprecedented wealth was declared here. Wildlife, fascinating scenery, vertical rock walls, huge waterfalls, clear rivers and lakes, unique fauna and flora – you will find it all in Yosemite. The valley in which it lies was once shaped by a glacier. Located at the foot of the Sierra Nevada Mountains, it attracts millions of visitors each year and has become a popular destination for climbers from around the world. Yosemite provides them with ideal conditions in the form of huge and very demanding rock walls.

A sought-after delicacy is, for example, the unmissable El Capitan rock massif, which dominates the lower part of the Yosemite Valley. The approximately one kilometer high granite wall is an irresistible challenge and some climbers will fulfill their life dream by overcoming it. If everything goes smoothly and the weather is good, the ascent lasts 2-3 days. However, there were also climbers who conquered the wall in just 2 hours and 43 minutes, setting a world record! El Capitan (from the Spanish word captain, leader) is also a place where so-called base-jumpers, or parachute jumpers, like to go. They enjoy the adrenaline of free fall from this huge wall. Unfortunately for many, El Capitan has become fatal.

Another such attraction is the Half Dome rock wall measuring 2695 meters above sea level, where the elevation gain reaches around 1400 meters. Beneath these mountain giants are the beautiful Tuluomne meadows. At the southeastern boundary of the park rises its highest peak, Mt. Lyell, which reaches an altitude of 3997 meters. Yosemite National Park is home to a dozen beautiful waterfalls falling from high granite cliffs. The most famous is Yosemite Fall, which is the fifth highest waterfall in the world at 740 meters. This is followed by the Bridalveil (189 m), Nevada (181 m) and Vernal (96 m) waterfalls.

Although the park is said to be visited by around 4 million tourists a year, it is not extremely crowded. You will find a huge number of visitors only in places that are accessible by car and they represent only about 5% of the park area. Most visitors only visit Yosemite Valley. Of course, crowds of tourists also occur on short routes and famous viewpoints, such as the unique Glacier Point. From here, there is perhaps the most beautiful view of Yosemite and Half Dome.

In the area where the Visitor Center and the General Store are located, the main accommodation capacities are available to tourists and they have sufficient facilities there. The rest are remote places, so-called “backcountry”, where you do not have to meet people all day. If you have decided to spend at least a few days in the park, hundreds of kilometers of hiking trails await you through breathtaking landscapes with unforgettable views. The ideal time for hiking is summer and autumn. The northern parts of the park are inaccessible in winter.

Huge redwood trees are a well-known and sought-after attraction of the national park. These trees are the oldest in America and around the world, some of them are up to 3,200 years old and this is a really respectable age! There are also redwoods, always green, the most famous of which has a trunk circumference of 29.5 meters and a trunk diameter of 8.5 meters. One of the great locations for these gigantic trees is Mariposa Grove, located about 2 miles from the park. It is one of the most visited locations, in the summer months even a tourist shuttle bus has to pass through here. The most famous trees are the 2700-year-old Grizzly Giant Tree, the even older General Sherman and the California Tree, to whose trunk a tunnel was dug in 1895.

Yosemite National Park has become a refuge for many species of animals, such as grizzly bears, cougars, coyotes, wapiti deer, bighorn sheep, badgers, martens, rabbits, many species of ground squirrels, weasels, wolverines and winter-white ermines. There are 295 species of birds from the bird kingdom, and many species of fish, amphibians and insects live here.

In addition to the grizzly bear, about 300 baribal bears live in the park. Therefore, all food, water and cosmetics must be kept in tin cabinets. Tourists are constantly reminded that even a locked car is no obstacle for bears. Every year, they get into about 1,000 closed cars in search of food. Due to the bears, the rubbish bins throughout the park are also made of thick iron and equipped with a special closure. Meeting a bear is not uncommon in Yosemite, so one must be vigilant and follow the park administration’s instructions.