History of Arizona

By | September 23, 2022

A state located in the southwest of America, which is nicknamed Grand Canyon State. According to ablogtophone, Arizona has a total area of ​​295,023² and approximately 3.6 million inhabitants.

Arizona is known to have been home to humans as far back as prehistoric times. From about 500 BC to 1400 AD there was the famous Hohokam culture. From about 1000 AD, the area was populated by Native American tribes such as the Apache, Hopi and Navaho.

Europeans explore the area from 1540. It is the Spaniards who first set foot ashore. From the sixteenth century, several Christians from Europe settled in the area with the aim of converting the original population to Christianity. Of great significance to the area is the Italian Franciscan Eusebio Francisco Kino who established about twenty settlements and also successfully prospered cattle ranching in Arizona.

Mexico

After having been part of Spain for several centuries, Arizona comes into the possession of Mexico in 1810. In 1848, however, that country had to cede most of the territory to America. This was after the Mexican-American War. America bought the parts that were still in possession of Mexico in 1853. This transaction is known as the Gadsden purchase. America bought the tract of land known in Mexico as the Mesilla Valley to provide a southern route for a transcontinental railroad.

The Great Depression that hits America when the Wall Street stock market collapses in 1929 hits Arizona above average. Almost all mines come to a standstill. From 1945, however, the state recovers rapidly.

Arizona Flag

According to bestitude, on February 14, 1912, Arizona formally joins the United States of America as the 48th.

Hoover Dam – a giant between dams

Between the US states of Nevada and Arizona, there is a concrete arch that was built across the Colorado River in the 1930s. It was named Hoover Dam after US President Hoover and was the largest dam in the world at the time.

The construction of this massive dam was decided in 1931, after the area was hit several times by catastrophic floods, which were caused by melting ice from the Rocky Mountains. The floods caused considerable damage to property and there were also casualties. The dam began to be built during the American economic crisis, creating thousands of jobs for workers from all over the United States, and thus significantly helping the development of the whole area. During the five years of construction, 21,000 people took turns here. On average, around 3,500 workers worked here every day, and the documented maximum was 5,218 people in 1 day.

The dam was designed by masters in the field of architecture, and the concrete dam was built in the Art Deco period. At the time, the dam has incredible dimensions: it is 221 meters high, 379 meters long, 15 meters wide at the upper edge and up to 198 meters wide at the bottom. 6.6 million tons of material were needed for its construction, but at the same time about 8 million tons of rock had to be removed.

At the time of its creation, the dam was called Boulder Canyon Dam. However, the 31st US President Herbert Hoover made a significant contribution to its creation, so it was decided 12 years later that the dam would bear his name.

Hoover Dam stands in the path of the Colorado River and its construction has created one of the largest artificial lakes in the world – Lake Mead. The length of the lake is 186 km, the length of its shore is estimated at a respectable 900 km and the reported depth is about 150-180 meters. Lake Mead is surrounded by the Lake Mead National Recreation Area, which is visited by up to 10 million people each year. It is said to be the fifth most visited national park in the USA.

The dam was completed and opened to the public in 1936 and was one of the wonders of modern technology. The enormous power of the accumulated water is used to generate electricity, as a hydroelectric power plant is located directly below the dam. Thanks to its 17 generators, it has an output of up to 2,074 megawatts.

The power plant is visited by more than a million visitors each year, and many more are crossed by a dam on their way from Las Vegas to the Grand Canyon. The narrow and winding road, which is visited by around 16,000 cars every day, is a place of frequent traffic accidents. In the future, therefore, traffic should be diverted from the dam and a modern bridge should be built. At the entrance to the power plant, an introductory hall will open in front of you, where you can view paintings and historical photographs from the construction of the dam. It is unbelievable the conditions in which the workers had to work at the time.

There is also a cinema in the interiors, where a historical educational film with really interesting shots is prepared for visitors. Accompanied by a power plant worker, you will then take the elevator 150 meters lower, where there is a huge hall with generators. You can then listen to an expert explanation from an employee of the visitor center, who will certainly be happy to answer all your questions. The view from the top of the dam is unique and unforgettable. In front of you opens an endless and beautiful landscape decorated with red rocks, which create wonderful scenery.

It was the world’s largest dam until 1949, but was surpassed by the Chinese waterworks “Three Gorges”, yet Americans are rightly proud of it and it remains unique in the world, and in 1985 it was even declared a national monument.

As there has been a long-term drought in the area in recent years, the level in the dam has been declining. However, it is not only the Arizona-Nevada Hoover Dam, but also other dams located on the Colorado River, such as Glen Canyon Dam, Parker Dam, Davis Dam, Palo Verde Diversion Dam and Imperial Dam, which together form a cascade of 6 dams. Water loss is evident on the exposed rocks, which are bright white. The water disappears gradually, but constantly. So far, no one knows if it’s just a cycle that will return to normal in time, or if it’s due to global warming. In the future, water areas like Lake Mead or Lake Powel could disappear from the map. This rocky, desolate and inhospitable landscape would lose places with the possibility of fun, relaxation and relaxation.