Haiti Road Network

By | October 31, 2022

In Haiti you drive on the right. Haiti’s road network is established in the Plan du Réseau National et Départemental d’Haiti. The road network is divided into three zones, there are two road classes, the routes nationales and the routes départementes.

According to wholevehicles, the road network is in very poor condition and is one of the least developed in the Americas. In 1991 the road network was determined to be 4,545 kilometers long, in 2004 this had been reduced to 3,400 kilometers of which only 5% were in good condition. In 2015, the “réseau interurbain” was 3,530 kilometers long, of which 1,026 kilometers is a national route and 1,311 kilometers is a departmental route. The tertiary network includes 1,231 kilometers of road.

The intersection of the RN1 and RN2 in Port-au-Prince is considered the “point 0” of the Haitian road network. There are a number of major roads, such as Route Nationale 1 from Port-au-Prince to northern Cap-Haïtien, and Route Nationale 2 to Les Cayes. Due to corruption, little money is available for refurbishing the road network. Foreign aid for road projects is therefore limited. There are no highways in Haiti.

Traffic in Haiti is chaotic, especially in the cities but also outside it, one has to reckon with slow-moving scooters and trucks, pedestrians and street vendors on the roadway, the unloading and loading of trucks and vans on the roadway and stray cattle. The roads are often in poor condition and have few safety features, often missing markings, reflector poles and lighting, making driving especially dangerous at night. Traffic rules are hardly observed.

There are a number of closely guarded border crossings with the Dominican Republic. Due to deforestation, the contrast at the border is very stark, with densely forested slopes in the DR and barren mountains in Haiti. From Port-au-Prince it is less than 50 kilometers to the border of the Dominican Republic. Further north are also a number of border crossings.

National roads

No. Procedure Length
RN1 Port-au-Prince – Gonaives – Cap-Haitien 243 km
RN2 Port-au-Prince – Les Cayes 186 km
RN3 Port-au-Prince – Hinche – Cap-Haitien 191 km
RN4 Léogâne – Jacmel 44 km
RN5 Gonaives – Gros Morne – Port-de-Paix 72 km
RN6 Cap-Haïtien – Ouanaminthe (Dominican Republic border) 66 km
RN7 Les Cayes – Jeremie 95 km
RN8 Port-au-Prince – La Source (Dominican Republic border) 48 km

Road management

The national road authority is the Ministère des Travaux Publics, Transports et Communications. Day-to-day road management is the responsibility of the Direction des Transports, which in 2015 had 80 employees, 17 of whom were engineers. In 2003, the Fonds d’Entretien Routier (FER) was established to finance the road network.

Road numbering

The road network is divided into routes nationales, based on the French model. From Port-au-Prince runs a radial system of 3 routes nationales, the N1, N2 and N3. Previously numbered as N100, N200 and N300, this system was changed around 2000. There are also some 3-digit D-roads, where the D100 to D199 (if existing) branch off the N1, the D200 to D299 branch off the N2, and the D300 to D399 branch off the N3 branch off. As far as is known, road numbers are hardly signposted, but the government does use the numbers in communication and they are also indicated on maps.

Signage

Haiti has green signposts with white letters, similar to elsewhere in the Americas. Signage is inadequate, around some major intersections in Port-au-Prince there is no signage at all. The signage is not based on French style, but the road signs are in European style. On the other hand, the yellow marking that separates driving directions is used, as everywhere in the Americas.

Haiti Road Network