Guyana Basic Information

By | July 21, 2022

Basic information about the territory

Guyana Basic Information


  • System of governance and political tendencies in the country
  • Foreign policy of the country
  • Population

The system of governance and political tendencies in the country

Official name of the country: Co-operative Republic of Guyana, Co-operative Republic of Guyana

Guyana is a democratic republic with a presidential system. Executive power is exercised by the president and the government, whose chairman is appointed by the president. The term of office of the president is five years. Check diseaseslearning to learn more about Guyana political system.

Legislative power is vested in the President and the Guyana National Assembly consisting of 65 members elected for five-year terms.

The last general and regional elections were held in March 2020.

After the results of the recount were published, there were several attempts by the still-ruling APNU-AFC coalition to further question them or even to annul tens of thousands of votes cast. This was followed by international sanctions by the US and calls for the resignation of President Granger by several countries, including Great Britain. In July, the legitimacy of the election results was also addressed by the Caribbean Court of Justice, which in its decision confirmed the results of the vote recount and, in this sense, called on the Guyana Electoral Commission to officially publish them. The last of the appeals courts finally ruled unanimously on August 2, 2020 that the June recount results should be recognized as official election results.

The opposition PPP/C (People’s Progressive Party/Civic) won the election and Mohamed Irfaan Ali, the candidate of the winning party, became president on 3 August 2020.

Composition of the Government of the Co-operative Republic of Guyana (as at 02/05/2022): Prime Minister – Mark Phillips Vice President – Bharrat Jagdeo Attorney General and Minister of Justice – Mohabir Anil Nandlall Minister of Parliamentary and Governmental Affairs – Gail Teixeira Minister of Agriculture – Zulfitkar Mustapha Minister of Affairs Indigenous People – Pauline Rose Ann Campbell-Sukhai Minister of Culture,of Youth and Sports – Charles Shiva Ramson Minister of Education – Priya Devi Manickchand Minister of Finance – Ashni Kumar Singh Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation – Hugh Hilton Todd Minister of Health – Frank Stanislaus Anthony Minister of Home Affairs – Robeson Benn Minister of Housing and Water Resources – Collin David Croal Minister for Human Resources and Social Insurance – Vindhya Vasini Persaud Minister for Labor – Joseph Linden FitzClarence Hamilton Minister for Regional Development and Local Government Affairs – Nigel Deonarine Dharamlall Minister for Natural Resources – Vickram Outar Bharrat Minister for Civil Service – Sonia Savitri Parag Minister for Public Utilities – Bishop Juan Anthony Edghill Minister for Tourism, Industry and Trade – Oneidge WalrondIndustry and Commerce – Oneidge WalrondIndustry and Commerce – Oneidge Walrond

Foreign policy of the country

The capital city of Georgetown is the seat of the Secretariat of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM).

Guyana’s relationship with the USA is traditionally close. The United States supports Guyana, among other things, in joining international institutions.

The American DEA is active in the territory of Guyana with the aim of eliminating drug smuggling. Check themotorcyclers for Guyana defense and foreign policy.

In January 2021, a Defense Partnership Agreement was concluded between Guyana and the US, primarily aimed at protecting against illegal fishing in Guyanese territorial waters by Chinese fishermen. On this occasion, the US emphasized that it is not interested in establishing a military base in Guyana or in another Latin American country, but that it is interested in cooperation in the fight against international crime and for human rights.

Despite existing territorial disputes, there are close relations with neighboring Suriname. Regarding relations with neighboring Brazil, the two countries cooperate mainly in the areas of infrastructure, trade and investment, health, agriculture, energy, tourism and security. One of the focal points of bilateral negotiations is the completion of the Georgetown-Manaus highway project connecting the two countries, which has been under discussion for almost 30 years. It is expected that the implementation of this road link would give impetus to the construction of a port of sufficient depth at the mouth of the Demerara River and this port would significantly increase Guyana’s export capacity.

In recent years, newly discovered oil and natural gas deposits have brought an escalation of long-standing territorial disputes with neighboring states, especially Venezuela. Guyana continues to seek to resolve this territorial dispute through the International Court of Justice. Regarding the current territorial dispute with neighboring Suriname, there is a joint Council for cooperation between the two countries on this issue with the aim of settling the dispute amicably.


Demographics: Population: 794,045

Urban population: 30% The vast majority of Guyana’s population lives in the fertile valley around the Atlantic coast and in a narrow strip along the eastern border of the country, while the entire western part covered by virgin forest (over 2/3 of the country’s total area) remains practically uninhabited.

Ethnic composition: 40% Indian, 30% African, 20% mixed race, 10% indigenous (Indian), 0.5% European, 0.2% Chinese