Basic information about the territory
- System of governance and political tendencies in the country
- Foreign policy of the country
The system of governance and political tendencies in the country
Official name of the country : Greek or Hellenic Republic (Elliniki Dimokratia)
President : Katerina Sakellaropoulou (in office since March 2020, five-year mandate, for the first time the head of state is a woman)
Composition of the government: The structure of the government is not fixed. The current government, which emerged from the parliamentary elections on 7 July 2019, has 20 ministers, 5 alternate ministers (deputies with ministerial powers) and 31 deputies. Most members of the government are also MPs.
- Prime Minister: Kyriakos Mitsotakis
- Deputy Prime Minister: Panagiotis Pikrammenos
- Foreign Minister: Nikolaos Dendias
- Minister of Finance: Christos Staikouras
- Minister of National Defense: Nikos Panagiotopoulos
- Minister of the Interior: Makis Voridis
- Minister of Civil Defense: Panagiotis Theodorikakos
- Minister for Climate Crisis and Civil Protection: Christos Stylianidis
- Minister for Migration and Asylum: Notis Mitarakis
- Minister of Development and Investment: Adonis Georgiadis
- Minister of Tourism: Vasilis Kikilias
- Minister of Infrastructure and Transport: Kostas A. Karamanlis
- Minister of the Navy and Island Policy: Giannis Plakiotakis
- Minister of the Environment and Energy: Koskas Skrekas
- Minister for Agricultural Development and Food: Georgios Georgantas
- Minister of Labor and Social Affairs: Kostis Chatzidakis
- Minister of Health: Thanos Plevris
- Minister of Justice: Kostas Tsiaras
- Minister of Education and Church Affairs: Niki Kerameos
- Minister of Culture and Sports: Lina Mendoni
- Minister for Digital Policy: Kyriakos Pierrakis
- Minister of State: George Gerapetridis
After a period of almost ten years of political instability accompanying the economic crisis, during which several governments, including bureaucratic ones, have been replaced since 2019, the country has had a single-color government of the center-right Neo Dimokratia party, which maintains high voter preferences and has the prerequisites to fulfill its four-year term electoral mandate. Check computerminus to learn more about Greece political system.
Foreign policy of the country
Greece’s position shows that its foreign policy is multidimensional. Its main partner is traditionally Cyprus, with which it has exceptional relations reflecting the closeness of the two nations and the constantly developing contacts of the two countries in all areas. The pillar of Greek foreign policy is cooperation within the European Union, of which it has been a member since 1981, since 2000 it has been integrated into the Schengen Area, and since 2001 it has been a member of the Eurozone. Greece is also oriented towards cooperation with its Balkan neighbors and has long supported the entry of the countries of the Western Balkans into the EU. The current government of Prime Minister Mitsotakis is also deepening cooperation with the USA, Israel, Egypt and the United Arab Emirates. Strained relations with Turkey lead Greece to a very active foreign policy, Check relationshipsplus for Greece defense and foreign policy.
A fundamental part of Greek foreign policy is compliance with international law and human rights, which it actively promotes as a member of many international organizations (a founding member of the UN, a long-standing member of the EU and NATO).
Number of inhabitants and population density:
According to the official results of the census in 2011, Greece has 10.8 million inhabitants and the population density is 82 persons/km2. The population has been declining for a long time due to the aging population and low birth rate. According to the estimates of the Greek Statistical Office, the number of inhabitants was 10.7 million as of 1 January 2020, i.e. a decrease of 0.7% since the last census. A new census took place in October 2021, the results have not yet been published.
Proportion of men and women: men 5.215 million (49%), women 5.503 million (51%)
Age structure: 0-14 years 14.3%, 15-69 years 69.1%, over 1%
The population aging indicator (the proportion of seniors over 65 to children under 14) has an upward trend.
At the last population census in 2011, 91.6% of people with Greek nationality lived permanently in Greece, 1.8% (199 thousand) of citizens of other Czechoslovak countries of the EU (mainly Bulgaria, Romania, Great Britain, Poland, Cyprus and Germany), 6.5% (708 thousand) of legalized citizens of 3rd countries (especially Albania, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Georgia, Ukraine, Russia, India, Egypt, Philippines, etc.) and 0.04% (5 thousand) of persons without specifying their affiliation . Another more than half a million citizens of 3rd countries (mainly China, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Syria, etc.) reside in Greece illegally. Greece has no national minorities. The only officially recognized minority is the Muslim minority (97,000 people, i.e. approx. 1% of the population), which includes Turks, Pomacs and Roma.
The majority of the population of Greece adheres to the Greek Orthodox Church (94.5%), the proportion of active believers is considerably lower. Muslims represent roughly 1.5% of the population, other churches 1.2% and 2.8% are of no religion.