Ghana International Development Cooperation
Since the beginning of the massive involvement of the IMF and the World Bank in the early phase of the Rawlings era in the early 1980’s, Ghana has developed into a model case for the international donor community. The agenda at that time stated in a nutshell that the donor community had the necessary socio-economic and political instruments to initiate and steer far-reaching transformation processes. As a historical coincidence and a stroke of luck, the underdeveloped and run-down Ghana took on the role of a test laboratory. As a result, numerous relevant government development agencies such as UNDP, the British DFID, the US USAID poured in, the BMZ, the German GIZ and KfW in the small country on the Gold Coast. They all support Ghana in implementing the SDGs. In addition, non-governmental organizations such as the Friedrich Ebert Foundation and the Konrad Adenauer Foundation found their way to Ghana. The office of the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation, based in Senegal, is represented by its regional program. And with regard to the German presence, the Goethe-Institut is playing a very special role, because it has been dedicated to cultural and language work in Ghana since 1961. But the DAAD and CIM are also important actors in German development cooperation. The number of German actors in development cooperation with Ghana also reflects the wide range of activities that were at the center of the last government negotiations in October 2018. There, the priorities of German development cooperation were defined, which related to the decentralization and improvement of public finances, agriculture and sustainable economic development and vocational training. For many years, as one of 16 countries located in Western Africa according to aristmarketing, Ghana received well over a billion US dollars annually in Official Development Assistance (ODA). In the meantime, the sum has dropped to just under $ 900 million. This sum corresponds to 1.2 percent of the gross domestic product.
Beyond the political education work in Ghana, the scope of German institutions has expanded considerably, which has a lot to do with the role model character of the country in West Africa. There is a long-term cooperation between the Bernhard Nocht Institute in Hamburg and the University of Kumasi in the field of malaria control. The state of North Rhine-Westphalia is involved through the University of Dortmund with the English-language program SPRING for prospective regional developers and administrative scientists. In May 2016, NRW extended its cooperation with Ghana, whereby the University of Aachen is involved in the development of occupational and environmental medicine. The occasion is the huge electronic waste dump in Agbogbloshie, which causes serious damage to health. In addition, Sparkassenstiftung supports the Ghanaian Co-operative Credit Union Association in setting up an academy. And the Bonn-based center for development research ZEF has been cooperating with the University of Ghana for years and supervises courses at the Ghanaian-German Center for Development Studies (GGCDS) with the Institute of Statistical Social and Economic Research (ISSER).
The Africa Center for Transregional Research (ACT) at Freiburg’s Albert-Ludwigs-Universität is an interdisciplinary association of research institutes and individual scientists founded at the end of 2019. As part of Eucor – The European Campus, a close cooperation with the University of Strasbourg / France and the Center for African Studies at the University of Basel / Switzerland is planned. The focus of the research is on cross-regional studies with an African reference. The center will invite researchers from Africa to Freiburg to work with local scientists to investigate global challenges such as migration or ecological transformation.
MIASA Executive Council
In addition, the Albert Ludwigs University and the Arnold Bergstresser Institute (ABI) are already well networked thanks to the Maria Sibylla Merian Institute for Advanced Studies in Africa (MIASA) in Ghana: The 2018 Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS), the ABI and the University of Ghana – Legon at the gates of Accra – as well as the University of Frankfurt with the Center for Interdisciplinary Africa Research and the Point Sud network, the German Historical Institute Paris / Max Weber Foundation and the Institute of African Affairs of the German Institute of Global and Area Studies The international research college initiated in Hamburg will be supported for six years from September 2020 by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) with a total of almost twelve million euros.
Entrance Makola Market
Creative lunch break
Together with Germany, the USA, Great Britain, Denmark, the Netherlands, Canada and Japan are among Ghana’s most important bilateral development partners. But China is now clearly striving to reach the Gold Coast as part of its long-term and strategically designed Africa initiative, where the new power from Asia is particularly involved in oil production. Several thousand Chinese live and work in this context in Ghana, and their illegal activities in the retail trade and even more so in gold mining are now creating legal and diplomatic problems. As an investor, China isa welcome guest, and a number of Ghanaian traders are now learning Mandarin in order to expand their business opportunities with the Far East. However, this also opens up new opportunities for Chinese wholesalers in the metropolis of Accra, which Ghanaian producers are beginning to fear.
One of the most important institutions for Africa is the Kofi Annan International Peace Keeping Training Center (KAIPTC), which also owes its foundation to the special commitment of the German Federal Government. Since it was founded in 2004, Germany has also provided a large part of the funding for this recognized institution. On August 18, 2018, Kofi Annan died after a short illness at the age of 80 in Switzerland. In April 2018, on the occasion of his 80th birthday, he was a guest on the BBC program Hard Talk. The Ghanaian President Akufo-Addo ordered a one-week state mourning in which the state flag in Ghana and at all foreign missions was set to half-mast.
Members of the Honorary
Kofi Annan at a meeting of the Action Group on Syria 2012 in Geneva