Germany 1983

By | September 11, 2023

In 1983, Germany was a country divided into two separate states: the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) and the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). This division was a consequence of World War II and the Cold War, resulting in two distinct political and economic systems. Here is an overview of Germany in 1983:

Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany):

Geographic Location:

West Germany was located in Central Europe, with its geographic coordinates spanning between approximately 47 degrees and 55 degrees north latitude and 6 degrees and 15 degrees east longitude. It shared its borders with several countries:

  1. East Germany: To the east, West Germany shared a border with East Germany (German Democratic Republic), marking the division of the country.
  2. Netherlands: To the west, West Germany shared a border with the Netherlands.
  3. Belgium: To the west, West Germany also shared a border with Belgium.
  4. Luxembourg: To the west, it shared a border with Luxembourg.
  5. France: To the southwest, West Germany’s border extended into France.
  6. Switzerland: To the south, West Germany shared a border with Switzerland.
  7. Austria: To the southeast, West Germany shared a border with Austria.
  8. Denmark: To the north, West Germany had a maritime border along the North Sea and the Baltic Sea with Denmark.

Historical Background:

According to eningbo, West Germany was established in 1949, following the end of World War II, as a result of the division of Germany into four occupation zones controlled by the Allied powers: the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union. The Federal Republic of Germany was formed in the zones controlled by the Western Allies. It became a democratic, capitalist state with a social market economy.

Political Landscape:

In 1983, West Germany was a federal parliamentary republic with a democratic system of government. The country was governed by a chancellor, and its political landscape was characterized by multiple political parties. The Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Social Democratic Party (SPD) were the dominant political parties, and they often formed coalition governments.


West Germany was known for its strong and highly developed economy. It was one of the world’s largest economies and a founding member of the European Economic Community (EEC), which later became the European Union (EU). The country was renowned for its manufacturing, exports, and technological advancements.

Key industries included automotive manufacturing, machinery, chemicals, and electronics. West Germany was a major exporter of automobiles, particularly from companies like Volkswagen, BMW, and Mercedes-Benz. The country’s economic model was based on the social market economy, which combined elements of capitalism with a strong welfare state.

Cultural Significance:

West Germany had a rich cultural heritage, and it was known for its contributions to music, literature, philosophy, and the arts. Renowned composers like Ludwig van Beethoven and Johann Sebastian Bach had strong ties to the region. The country also played a significant role in the development of modern philosophy and literature.

German Democratic Republic (East Germany):

Geographic Location:

East Germany was located in Central Europe, sharing its borders with West Germany to the west and Czechoslovakia to the east. Its geographic coordinates ranged from approximately 51.1 degrees to 54.7 degrees north latitude and 11.6 degrees to 15.1 degrees east longitude.

Historical Background:

East Germany was established in 1949 as a separate state in the Soviet occupation zone of Germany. It became a socialist state aligned with the Soviet Union and adopted a command economy and a one-party system led by the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED). East Germany’s capital was East Berlin.

Political Landscape:

In 1983, East Germany was a socialist state with a centralized, one-party system. Erich Honecker was the General Secretary of the SED and the head of state. The political landscape was characterized by strict control over the media, limited political freedoms, and a planned economy.


East Germany’s economy was centrally planned and controlled by the state. It had a focus on heavy industry, manufacturing, and agriculture. While the country had some industrial success, its economy lagged behind that of West Germany in terms of innovation and productivity.

Berlin Wall:

One of the most iconic symbols of the division of Germany was the Berlin Wall, which separated East and West Berlin and served as a physical barrier between the two German states. The wall was constructed in 1961 and remained in place until its fall in 1989.

Challenges and Differences:

The division of Germany brought about significant differences between East and West Germany. West Germany enjoyed a higher standard of living, economic prosperity, and political freedoms. In contrast, East Germany faced challenges, including restrictions on travel, limited access to Western media, and economic struggles.


In 1983, Germany was a country divided into two separate states with distinct political, economic, and social systems. West Germany was a democratic, capitalist nation with a strong economy and political pluralism, while East Germany was a socialist state with a command economy and strict political control. The Berlin Wall stood as a physical and ideological symbol of this division, which would ultimately come to an end with the reunification of Germany in 1990.

Location of Germany

Germany, officially known as the Federal Republic of Germany, is a European country located in Central Europe. Its strategic location has played a pivotal role in European history, culture, and politics. Here’s a comprehensive description of Germany’s location:

Geographic Coordinates:

According to paulfootwear, Germany is situated between approximately 47 degrees and 55 degrees north latitude and 5.9 degrees and 15.1 degrees east longitude. This places it in the heart of Europe, sharing borders with nine countries, making it a central and influential player on the continent.

Bordering Countries:

Germany shares its borders with a diverse array of European nations:

  1. Denmark: To the north, Germany shares a border with Denmark, specifically the Jutland Peninsula. The border is marked by the Schleswig-Holstein region.
  2. Poland: To the east, Germany shares a border with Poland, marked by the Oder and Neisse rivers.
  3. Czech Republic: To the southeast, Germany shares a border with the Czech Republic, marked by the Sudeten Mountains.
  4. Austria: To the southeast, Germany also shares a border with Austria, along the Bavarian and Austrian Alps.
  5. Switzerland: To the south, Germany shares a border with Switzerland, marked by the Swiss Alps.
  6. France: To the west, Germany’s border extends into France, primarily in the Alsace region.
  7. Luxembourg: To the west, it shares a border with Luxembourg.
  8. Belgium: To the west, it also shares a border with Belgium.
  9. Netherlands: To the west, Germany shares a border with the Netherlands.

Geographical Features:

Germany’s landscape is diverse and includes a range of geographical features:

  1. Lowlands: Northern Germany is characterized by lowlands, including the North German Plain. The region is relatively flat and includes fertile agricultural areas.
  2. Central Uplands: The central part of the country is home to the Central Uplands (Mittelgebirge), including the Harz Mountains, the Thuringian Forest, and the Black Forest. These areas offer picturesque landscapes with rolling hills, forests, and rivers.
  3. Alps: In the south, Germany shares the Bavarian Alps with Austria, featuring high peaks, rugged terrain, and alpine lakes.
  4. Rivers: Germany is crisscrossed by several major rivers, including the Rhine, Danube, Elbe, and Weser. These rivers play a crucial role in transportation, trade, and industry.
  5. Coastline: To the north, Germany has a coastline along the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, providing access to maritime trade routes and featuring unique coastal landscapes.

Historical Significance:

Germany’s central location in Europe has contributed to its historical significance. It has been a crossroads for various cultures and peoples throughout history, leading to a rich and complex history. Germany’s position played a pivotal role in both World Wars and the subsequent division of the country during the Cold War.

Cultural Diversity:

Germany’s location at the heart of Europe has also contributed to its cultural diversity. The country is home to numerous ethnic groups, including Germans, Turks, Poles, and others. This diversity is reflected in the country’s multicultural cities, cuisine, and traditions.

Economic Significance:

Germany is known for its strong and highly developed economy. It is one of the world’s largest economies and is a member of the European Union (EU). The country’s economic success is built on its manufacturing prowess, including the automotive industry, machinery, chemicals, and electronics. Germany is renowned for its precision engineering and innovation.

Political Influence:

Germany’s central location has made it a key player in European and international politics. As the largest economy in the EU, it wields significant influence within the union. Additionally, Germany plays an active role in global affairs, particularly in diplomacy and international organizations.


Germany’s location at the heart of Europe has shaped its history, culture, and role in the world. Its borders with nine neighboring countries and diverse geographical features make it a dynamic and influential nation in the European context. Its central position continues to be a source of strength, contributing to its economic prowess and diplomatic importance on the global stage.