German Organizations in Brazil
Numerous German institutions are represented in Brazil: the German Embassy in Brasília and the consulates in Porto Alegre, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Recife; the Goethe-Instituts in Brasilia, Salvador, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Curitiba and Porto Alegre, which are responsible for teaching the German language and providing information on current aspects of cultural, social and political life in Germany. It also includes: the German-Brazilian Chamber of Industry and Commerce, which is mainly present in the south-east and south (Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Curitiba and Porto Alegre) and the KfW Development Bank.
The German political foundations have been active in Brazil for a long time. They promote political education and the training and further education of young political and social workers, such as the Friedrich Naumann Foundation, Friedrich Ebert Foundation and the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation in São Paulo and Heinrich Böll and Konrad Adenauer Foundation in Rio de Janeiro. The Martius-Staden Institute is also worth mentioning in São Paulo, a cultural institution supported by Brazil, which is geared towards cultural dialogue with Germans. These institutions provide information on current events in Brazil. German cultural cooperation with Brazil is a mixture of intercultural dialogue between the worlds, homeland care for Germans abroad and targeted maintenance of the location with an important business partner.
For the area of cooperation for sustainable development (ZnE) with Latin America, the federal government has a Latin America concept elaborated, in which the historical-cultural connection to Europe is emphasized. The reforms in the 1980’s and 1990’s towards more democracy and restructuring of the state and economy are seen as positive. The preservation of ecosystems with their global importance and the reduction of social inequality in order to secure peace and democracy continue to be mentioned as strategic challenges for sustainable development. Latin America is not one of the poorest regions in the world, but in a global comparison it shows the most glaring differences between rich and poor. The background analysis highlights that corruption and organized crime spread where social and public law enforcement agencies fail.
In connection with the new definition of Brazil as a global development partner (GEP), German cooperation for sustainable development with Brazil is currently being reoriented. This recently developed concept of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development understands GEPs as “emerging countries or up-and-coming countries, which also have the essential characteristics of industrialized countries and, thanks to their geopolitical significance, shape global processes within the G20 formation.” The cooperation between Germany and the current GEP countries Brazil, Mexico, India, South Africa and Indonesia is intended to help achieve social, ecological and political goals, in particular the Millennium Development Goals.
The bilateral cooperation between Germany and Brazil focuses on the priorities the protection and sustainable use of the Amazon and Atlantic rainforests of Brazil and the promotion of renewable energy and energy efficiency. In the first area, German cooperation for sustainable development still benefits from the PPG7 initiative initiated by Germany in 1990 to protect tropical forests, which expired in 2010 after 15 years. In the area of energy, the aim is to offer Brazil other renewable energy sources such as wind and solar energy, despite an already very high energy supply based on hydropower, where Germany has special knowledge and technologies to offer.
Due to the growing economic power of Brazil, the German-Brazilian development cooperation has gained political importance in recent years. The country itself pays a large part of the costs of their development projects. For some years now, Brazil has been involved in cooperation for sustainable development with other countries and has become an important partner for triangular cooperation. The concept of triangular cooperation consists of the cooperation of an industrial nation with an emerging country in a developing country. Brazil works together with Germany in Peru and Mozambique. In this cooperation, Germany provides the technical know-how and Brazil the solution concepts for problems that the country has to deal with itself.
In cooperation, the German Society for International Cooperation (GIZ) relies on innovative forms of cooperation that take into account the special importance of Brazil. Development partnerships with business are a key element of the modern profile of German-Brazilian cooperation for sustainable development. A university cooperation program sets new accents through close coordination between scientific cooperation and cooperation with specialist and research institutions. With the advice of the General Secretariat of the Amazon Aspact, an important regional program of the BMZ and the Dutch government (DGIS) is based in Brazil, a country located in South America according to computerdo.
Art Museum, Niterói