Georgia Travel Facts

By | April 16, 2022

Based on map by DigoPaul,Georgia lies on the border between Europe and Asia, bordering Russia, Turkey, Armenia and Azerbaijan. The country offers surprisingly good cuisine, great landscapes, impressive monasteries and a lot of hospitality from the inhabitants.

Capital City Tbilisi
Size 69,700 km² (including Abkhazia and South Ossetia)
Resident 3,729,635
Official Language Georgian
Currency lari
Time Zone UTC+4
Telephone Area Code +995

Fast facts to know

  • Almost a third of Georgia’s population lives in Tbilisi.
  • Wine was invented in Georgia.
  • Georgians love rugby.
  • The deepest cave in the world is in Georgia.
  • In Georgia there are three 5000m mountains.
  • The road conditions are only very good on the big, well-known routes. An SUV is recommended. Driving in cities is exhausting and requires concentration.
  • Hiking in Georgia is wonderful.
  • Hospitality is very important.
  • You can enter Germany without a visa.
  • Apart from the border areas with South Ossetia, Abkhazia and Russia, Georgia is considered to be quite safe. Tourism is booming.
  • Wifi is available almost everywhere, but the network is fragile and mostly slow.
  • Medical care outside of cities is rather poor.
  • There is no compulsory insurance, the usual standard vaccinations such as hepatitis A are recommended. Rabies is also an issue.
  • Georgia has 12 different climate zones.
  • Georgia is known for its choral folk music.

Exciting cities in Georgia

  • Tbilisi
  • Batumi
  • Mtskheta
  • Kutaisi

History of Georgia

  • 6th century the states of Colchis (West Georgia) and Iberia (East Georgia) are established.
  • 327 Christianity becomes the state religion.
  • Subdued over the centuries by Romans, Persians, Byzantines and Arabs.
  • 11th-13th Century Golden Age. Georgia becomes the strongest power in Transcaucasia.
  • 16th century Disintegration into the kingdoms of Imereti, Kakheti and Kartli as well as five principalities.
  • 1783 Eastern Georgia signs a protection treaty with Russia.
  • 1801 Eastern Georgia is annexed.
  • By 1864, Russia conquered all regions of Georgia.
  • 1918 After the October Revolution, Georgia declares independence.
  • 1921 The Democratic Republic of Georgia is occupied by the Red Army and incorporated into the Soviet Union.
  • 1991 Georgia declares independence again after the collapse of the Soviet Union.
  • 2008 Open war with Russia over South Ossetia conflict.

Climate & travel weather in Georgia

  • 3 climate zones:
    • Black Sea coast, Colchis plain west of the Surami mountains: subtropical-Mediterranean, partly humid climate.
    • East of the Surami mountains: continental, drier climate.
    • Mountainous regions: alpine climate.
  • Recommended travel time:
    • April – October (better to avoid winter).

Ideas for trips in Georgia

  • Gergeti Monastery.
  • Davit Gareja monastery complex.
  • Fortified and cave town Uplistsikhe.
  • Jvari Monastery in Mtskheta.
  • Gelati and Motsameta monasteries.
  • Vardzia Cave Monasteries.
  • Rafting on wild river.
  • Prometheus Cave.
  • Boat ride through Martvili Canyon.
  • Hike to the highest village in Georgia – Ushguli.
  • Ateni Sioni Church.
  • Kazchi Pillar Monastery.
  • Muzo Fortress.
  • Shatili Fortress.
  • Ananuri Fortress.

Food & Drink in Georgia

  • Perceptible Persian, European and Asian influences, once the flagship kitchen of Russia.
  • Georgians are excellent hosts. It is always served in abundance to show the generosity of the host.
  • Georgian cuisine is very varied and is one of the best in Eastern Europe.
  • Great variety of fresh fruit and vegetables all year round.
  • Better not to buy meat products from street stalls.
  • We like to prepare: pork, beef, mutton, but also bear, deer, mountain goat, rabbit, quail, pheasant and fish.
  • Common side dishes are corn, wheat, beans
  • Georgia is considered the place of origin of viticulture. Correspondingly excellent wines can be found all over the country.
  • Typical dishes:
    • Khachapuri (cheese bread).
    • Khinkali (dumplings filled with onions, minced meat and pepper).
    • Pelamuschi (sweet pudding cooked from grape juice and cornmeal).
    • Chink’ali (noodle balls filled with minced meat, onions and herbs).
    • Shkhmeruli (fried chicken with walnuts and garlic).

Particularly scenic

  • Svaneti
  • Wine region in Kakheti
  • Okatse Canyon & Waterfall
  • Natural Parks:
    • Tbilisi National Park
    • Vashlovani National Park
    • Mtirala National Park
    • Tusheti National Park
    • Javakheti National Park
    • Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park
    • Kolkheti National Park
  • Abudelauri Lakes

Georgia Travel Facts