General information about Taiwan
The official name is the Republic of China (in China it is called Taiwan Province). Located in East Asia at the latitude of the Tropic of Cancer between Japan in the north and the Philippines in the south. It is separated from China by the Taiwan Strait, 130–220 km wide. Area approx. 36 thousand km2, population 22.41 million people. (early 2002). The official language is Chinese (goyu). The capital is Taipei (2.646 million people). Public holidays: Day of the formation of the republic on January 1 (since 1912); Chinese New Year (Spring Festival) – January-February according to the Chinese agricultural calendar; “Double Ten” (anniversary of the Wuchang uprising on October 10, 1911) – October 10; the day of liberation from Japanese occupation and the return of Taiwan to China – October 25; Chiang Kai-shek’s birthday is October 31; Sun Yat-sen’s birthday is November 12; Constitution Day – December 25 (since 1947). The currency is the New Taiwanese Dollar (Taibi).
Possessions – the islands of Penghuledao (Pescadores Islands), the islands of Lanyu, Luidao, as well as the islands of Kinmen and Matsu off the coast of Fujian Province.
According to allcitycodes, Taiwan is not officially recognized as an independent state by the international community, but nevertheless is a member of 17 international organizations, incl. WTO and APEC (since 1991), ADB, etc.
Geography of Taiwan
Taiwan is washed in the east by the Pacific Ocean, in the south by the South China Sea and the Bass Strait, in the west by the Taiwan Strait, in the north by the East China Sea. The length of the island from north to south is 377 km, from west to east – 142 km, the coastline – 1566 km. In the west there is a vast plain, but most of the island is occupied by mountains. From north to south, the Taiwanshan mountain range stretches with the highest point of the island – Mount Yushan (3952 m). There are 151 rivers in Taiwan. The largest rivers are Zhoshui (186 km), Danshui (159 km) and Gaoping (171 km). Earthquakes are frequent on the island, as it is in the stage of mountain building. Most of the territory is covered with rich vegetation (over 3800 species) and largely depends on the height above sea level. Tropical and subtropical forests grow at altitudes up to 2000 m. from 2000 to 3000 m – deciduous and coniferous, above – only coniferous forests. Of the representatives of the animal world, there are squirrel, deer, black Formosan bear, wild boar – only approx. 60 species of mammals, as well as a large number of reptiles, butterflies and insects. The island has small deposits of coal, oil, natural gas, and gold. The climate is humid subtropical, the average temperature in January is +15°С, in July +28°С. The annual rainfall is high – 2580 mm. Typhoons are not uncommon in summer and autumn. the average temperature in January is +15°С, in July +28°С. The annual rainfall is high – 2580 mm. Typhoons are not uncommon in summer and autumn. the average temperature in January is +15°С, in July +28°С. The annual rainfall is high – 2580 mm. Typhoons are not uncommon in summer and autumn.
Population of Taiwan
Population density approx. 620 people per 1 km2. Most of the inhabitants of the island (84%) are Taiwanese who moved to the island from the Chinese provinces of Guangdong and Fujian; Chinese who emigrated from the mainland after the defeat of the Kuomintang in the civil war of 1946–49 make up 14%. The languages are Chinese (Guoyu based on the Beijing dialect), Fujianese and Hakka. In the 1970s-80s. the birth rate was 24%, in 1997 – 15.1%, in 2001 – 11.65%. Mortality in 1997-2001 – 5.6-5.7%. Infant mortality 7.0 pers. per 1000 newborns. The proportion of men – 50.9%, women – 49.1%. The share of urban population – 83%, rural – 17% (1999). The average life expectancy for men is 72.6 years, for women 78.3 years (2000).
Over half of the believing population professes Taoism, more than a third – Buddhism, many profess a religion that is a mixture of Buddhism, Confucianism and Taoism, approx. 5% – Christianity (mainly Protestantism and Catholicism).