Geography of Papillion, Nebraska

By | March 11, 2024

Papillion, Nebraska, is a charming city located in Sarpy County, just southwest of Omaha. Its geography is characterized by rolling plains, abundant green spaces, and the scenic Papillion Creek, contributing to its reputation as a picturesque and family-friendly community. To understand Papillion’s geography thoroughly, we’ll delve into its physical features, climate, and environmental context.

Geographical Location:

Papillion is located in eastern Nebraska, approximately 10 miles southwest of downtown Omaha. It is part of the Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area, a vibrant region that straddles the border between Nebraska and Iowa. Papillion’s strategic location offers residents easy access to urban amenities while retaining a suburban atmosphere with ample open spaces and parks.


Papillion’s topography is characterized by gently rolling plains and valleys, typical of the Great Plains region. The city is located within the Missouri River Valley, which provides fertile soils and ample agricultural opportunities. The terrain is relatively flat, with occasional gentle slopes and elevation changes.

To the east of Papillion, the terrain gradually rises towards the bluffs overlooking the Missouri River, offering scenic vistas of the river valley below. To the west, the landscape extends into expansive farmland and prairies, providing a rural backdrop to the city’s suburban neighborhoods.


The defining waterway in Papillion is the Papillion Creek, after which the city is named. The creek flows through the heart of the city, meandering through parks, residential areas, and green spaces. The Papillion Creek is a tributary of the Platte River, which ultimately flows into the Missouri River, contributing to the region’s overall hydrology.

In addition to the Papillion Creek, Papillion is also located near the Platte River, a major waterway that traverses Nebraska from west to east. The Platte River is an important source of water for irrigation, recreation, and wildlife habitat in the region.


Papillion experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by four distinct seasons, with hot summers, cold winters, and moderate precipitation throughout the year. The region’s climate is influenced by its inland location, far from large bodies of water, and its position within the Great Plains.

Summer temperatures in Papillion are typically warm to hot, with average high temperatures ranging from the upper 80s to low 90s Fahrenheit (around 30-35 degrees Celsius). However, temperatures can occasionally exceed 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius) during heatwaves. Summer evenings are generally mild and comfortable, with overnight lows in the 60s to 70s Fahrenheit (around 15-25 degrees Celsius).

Winter temperatures in Papillion are cold, with average high temperatures ranging from the upper 20s to low 30s Fahrenheit (-2 to 0 degrees Celsius). Overnight lows can drop below zero Fahrenheit (-18 degrees Celsius) during the coldest months, and snowfall is common, with the region receiving around 25 to 30 inches (64 to 76 centimeters) of snow annually.

Spring and fall are transitional seasons characterized by fluctuating temperatures and changing weather patterns. These seasons offer mild weather and moderate precipitation, making them ideal times to enjoy outdoor activities and events in Papillion.


Papillion receives moderate precipitation throughout the year, with the majority of rainfall occurring during the spring and summer months. Annual precipitation totals in Papillion average around 30 to 35 inches (76 to 89 centimeters), with most of the precipitation falling as rain during the warmer months.

Thunderstorms are common in Papillion, particularly during the spring and summer months when atmospheric instability and moisture combine to produce convective storms. These storms can bring heavy rain, strong winds, hail, and occasional lightning, posing risks to outdoor activities and agriculture in the region.

Natural Hazards:

Papillion is susceptible to a variety of natural hazards, including severe weather events such as thunderstorms, tornadoes, and occasional flooding. Thunderstorms are a common occurrence in the region, particularly during the spring and summer months, and can bring heavy rain, strong winds, hail, and occasional lightning. Tornadoes are also a potential hazard in Papillion, particularly during periods of severe weather.

Flooding is another potential hazard in Papillion, particularly along the banks of the Papillion Creek and other waterways. Heavy rainfall, storm surges, and flash flooding can cause the creek to overflow its banks, posing risks to low-lying areas and infrastructure in the region.

Vegetation and Wildlife:

The natural vegetation of Papillion and its surrounding areas consists primarily of grasslands, woodlands, and riparian habitats, characteristic of the Great Plains region. Native plant species include prairie grasses, wildflowers, cottonwood trees, and various species of shrubs adapted to the region’s climate and soil conditions.

Papillion is home to a diverse array of wildlife adapted to the region’s terrestrial and aquatic habitats, including mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians. Common mammal species include deer, coyotes, rabbits, and various species of rodents. Birdwatchers can spot a wide range of avian species, including songbirds, raptors, waterfowl, and migratory birds passing through the region.

The region’s grasslands, woodlands, and riparian habitats provide important habitat for wildlife, supporting a variety of species adapted to Great Plains ecosystems. Riparian habitats along the Papillion Creek and other waterways support a variety of wildlife, including waterfowl, shorebirds, and other bird species.

Environmental Conservation:

Papillion is committed to environmental conservation and sustainable development practices aimed at preserving its natural resources and promoting responsible stewardship of the environment. The city collaborates with local organizations, government agencies, and community stakeholders to develop and implement initiatives that support conservation goals and promote environmental awareness.

Efforts to protect and restore natural habitats, manage water quality, and conserve wildlife are priorities for Papillion’s sustainability initiatives. The city also participates in regional conservation efforts aimed at preserving open space, protecting sensitive habitats, and promoting environmental education and outreach programs for residents and visitors.