Geography of Jonesboro, Arkansas

By | December 8, 2023

Jonesboro, Arkansas, is a vibrant city located in the northeastern part of the state. Nestled in the fertile plains of the Mississippi Delta, Jonesboro’s geography is characterized by its flat terrain, agricultural landscapes, and the influence of the nearby St. Francis River. In this exploration, we will delve into the location, topography, water features, and climate that define the geographical characteristics of Jonesboro.


Jonesboro is situated in Craighead County, Arkansas, approximately 70 miles northwest of Memphis, Tennessee. The geographical coordinates of Jonesboro are approximately 35.8423° N latitude and 90.7043° W longitude. The city’s location places it in the heart of the Arkansas Delta, a region known for its rich agricultural soil and historical significance.

The city is well-connected to major transportation routes, including Interstate 555, which provides easy access to neighboring cities and the broader region. Jonesboro’s proximity to the St. Francis River and its location in the delta region contribute to the area’s agricultural productivity.


The topography of Jonesboro is primarily characterized by flat plains, typical of the delta region. The land is relatively level, with gentle slopes and minimal elevation changes. This topographical feature has historically made the area conducive to agriculture, and the fertile soil of the Mississippi Delta has supported the cultivation of crops such as cotton, soybeans, and rice.

The flat terrain has also influenced the city’s urban development, allowing for the creation of a grid-like street layout and facilitating ease of navigation. While Jonesboro itself is situated on relatively even ground, the surrounding region may have subtle variations in elevation, particularly near water bodies.

Water Features:

The St. Francis River is a significant water feature that influences the geography of Jonesboro and the surrounding area. The river flows through the eastern and southeastern parts of Craighead County, contributing to the fertile soils of the delta. The St. Francis River Basin is known for its diverse ecosystems and has played a vital role in the historical and economic development of the region.

Additionally, the city is located in close proximity to various smaller creeks and tributaries that feed into the St. Francis River. These water bodies contribute to the local hydrology and provide drainage for the flat terrain. While not as expansive as major rivers, these smaller water features contribute to the overall landscape and natural diversity of the area.


According to homeagerly, Jonesboro experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and relatively mild winters. The climate is influenced by the city’s location in the southeastern United States, with the Gulf of Mexico exerting its influence on the weather patterns in the region.

Summer: Summer in Jonesboro is characterized by high temperatures and elevated humidity levels. The months of June, July, and August see average high temperatures ranging from the upper 80s to the mid-90s Fahrenheit (about 29-35°C). Humidity can make the weather feel warmer, contributing to the sultriness of the summer months. Thunderstorms are not uncommon during this season, providing relief from the heat and contributing to the area’s precipitation.

Fall: Fall brings a gradual cooling of temperatures, providing relief from the summer heat. The months of September, October, and November see average highs ranging from the upper 70s to the mid-60s Fahrenheit (about 21-29°C). Fall in Jonesboro is characterized by milder temperatures, lower humidity, and the gradual transition of deciduous trees, showcasing vibrant autumn colors.

Winter: Winter in Jonesboro is relatively mild compared to more northern regions of the United States. The months of December, January, and February see average high temperatures ranging from the upper 40s to the mid-50s Fahrenheit (about 4-13°C). While frost may occur during the winter months, snowfall is infrequent, and the season is generally marked by cool and crisp weather.

Spring: Spring heralds a return to warmer temperatures and increased greenery. The months of March, April, and May see average highs ranging from the 60s to the 80s Fahrenheit (about 15-29°C). Spring is a time of renewal, with blooming flowers and the reawakening of nature. The region experiences a burst of colors as trees and plants come back to life, creating a visually appealing landscape.

The subtropical climate of Jonesboro, with its distinct seasons, influences the agricultural activities in the region. The fertile soil, combined with the climate, supports a variety of crops, making agriculture a significant component of the local economy.


Jonesboro, Arkansas, presents a geographical profile characterized by its flat plains, agricultural landscapes, and the influence of the St. Francis River. The city’s location in the heart of the Mississippi Delta has historically made it a hub for farming and agriculture. The subtropical climate, with its distinct seasons, further contributes to the area’s appeal, offering residents a variety of weather experiences throughout the year.

While the flat topography influences the city’s layout and ease of navigation, the St. Francis River and smaller water bodies add to the natural beauty and ecological diversity of the region. Jonesboro’s geography reflects the symbiotic relationship between the land, water, and climate, shaping both its urban and rural characteristics. As a result, Jonesboro stands as a testament to the harmonious coexistence of human development and the natural environment in the heart of the Arkansas Delta.

Jonesboro, Arkansas