Geography of Essex Junction, Vermont

By | January 7, 2024

Essex Junction, Vermont, is a charming village located in the heart of the Green Mountain State. Known for its New England charm and natural beauty, Essex Junction is situated in Chittenden County and is part of the larger Burlington metropolitan area. Let’s explore the geography, topography, water features, climate, and notable aspects of Essex Junction in detail.


Essex Junction is located in northwestern Vermont, with geographical coordinates approximately around 44.4905° N latitude and 73.1152° W longitude. It is a part of the greater Burlington area, one of Vermont’s most populous and economically vibrant regions. The village is surrounded by picturesque landscapes, including forests, farmland, and the nearby Winooski River.


The topography of Essex Junction is characterized by the rolling hills and valleys that are typical of Vermont’s landscape. The village is situated in the Champlain Valley, a region nestled between the Green Mountains to the east and the Adirondack Mountains to the west. The terrain is relatively gentle, providing a mix of open spaces, woodlands, and agricultural areas.

Water Features:

  1. Winooski River: The Winooski River is a significant water feature in the vicinity of Essex Junction. Flowing through the Champlain Valley, the river is an important natural element that has played a historical role in transportation and commerce. While not directly passing through the village, the Winooski River’s influence can be felt in the broader region.
  2. Allen Brook: Allen Brook is a smaller watercourse that flows through Essex Junction. It adds to the village’s natural beauty and provides a habitat for local flora and fauna. The presence of such water features contributes to the overall scenic appeal of Essex Junction.


According to calculatorinc, Essex Junction experiences a humid continental climate, characterized by four distinct seasons. The climate is influenced by its northern location, elevation, and proximity to Lake Champlain. Here’s a breakdown of the climate in each season:

  1. Winter:

Winters in Essex Junction are cold and snowy. Average temperatures during the winter months typically range from the teens to the low 30s Fahrenheit. The village receives a substantial amount of snowfall, creating a winter wonderland. Winter sports enthusiasts can take advantage of nearby ski resorts in the Green Mountains for activities like skiing, snowboarding, and snowshoeing.

  1. Spring:

Spring brings a gradual warming of temperatures, with daytime highs ranging from the 40s to the 60s Fahrenheit. As the snow melts, the landscape comes alive with blooming flowers and budding trees. Spring is a rejuvenating season, and residents can enjoy the emergence of vibrant colors across the countryside.

  1. Summer:

Summers in Essex Junction are warm and pleasant. Average daytime temperatures range from the 70s to the low 80s Fahrenheit. The region experiences relatively low humidity, making summer an ideal time for outdoor activities. Residents and visitors can explore the lush landscapes, partake in hiking or biking, and enjoy events and festivals that celebrate the season.

  1. Fall:

Fall is a spectacular season in Essex Junction, marked by vibrant foliage as the leaves change colors. Temperatures during the fall months range from the 40s to the 60s Fahrenheit. The scenic beauty of the surrounding forests, combined with cool, crisp air, makes fall a popular time for leaf-peeping and outdoor adventures.

Notable Features:

  1. Five Corners:

The Five Corners is a central intersection in Essex Junction, where several roads converge. It is a focal point for the village and features local businesses, shops, and community activities. The Five Corners area is often bustling with life and serves as a hub for social interactions.

  1. Essex Junction Recreation and Parks:

Essex Junction offers various parks and recreational areas for residents and visitors to enjoy. These spaces include walking trails, sports fields, and playgrounds. Notable parks include Maple Street Park, Sand Hill Park, and the Essex Recreation Complex.

  1. Essex Junction Village Square:

The Village Square in Essex Junction is a gathering place that hosts events, farmers’ markets, and community celebrations. It reflects the village’s commitment to creating a sense of community and providing a central space for social and cultural activities.

  1. Champlain Valley Exposition:

The Champlain Valley Exposition is a multi-use event facility located in Essex Junction. It hosts a variety of events, including agricultural fairs, trade shows, and concerts. The annual Champlain Valley Fair, held at the exposition, is a highlight for both locals and visitors.

  1. Essex Junction Historical Society:

The Essex Junction Historical Society preserves and promotes the history of the village. The society manages the Thomas Chittenden House, a historic property that provides insight into the early settlement and development of Essex Junction.

  1. GlobalFoundries:

Essex Junction is home to a major semiconductor manufacturing facility operated by GlobalFoundries. The facility has played a significant role in the local economy and technology industry.

  1. Mount Mansfield:

While not directly in Essex Junction, the iconic Mount Mansfield is located to the northeast and is Vermont’s highest peak. It is part of the Green Mountains and offers hiking opportunities, providing panoramic views of the Champlain Valley.

Essex Junction, Vermont, is a village that encapsulates the essence of New England, with its scenic landscapes, historic charm, and community-focused atmosphere. The village’s geography, nestled in the Champlain Valley with its rolling hills and proximity to water features, contributes to its natural beauty. The changing seasons bring a diverse array of outdoor activities and cultural events, making Essex Junction an appealing destination for those seeking a balance between nature and community life.

Essex Junction, Vermont