Euromaidan Chronic of Events Part II
On January 23, the opposition resumed negotiations with Janukovyč. In the evening Vitali Klitschko announced that the President was ready to release the captured demonstrators. On that day the activist of the Automaidan Dmytro Bulatov disappeared.
On January 24, protests spread across the west and central Ukraine. Several regional and city administrations have been occupied, and officials in Lviv refuse to implement the January 16 laws. In Kyiv, the demonstrators occupy the Ministry of Agriculture. The militia continued to arrest the injured directly in hospitals.
On January 25, Berkut units occupied the Ukrainian House, which is located right next to Hruševskohostrasse. Janukovyč proposed to Arsenij Jacenjuk to take over the post of prime minister, which was still occupied by Azarov at the time, but Jacenjuk refused.
On January 26th, several anti-power demonstrations took place in eastern Ukraine. The rally in Zaporižžja was violently broken up. Several groups of thugs beat up, protected by militias, protesters and journalists.
On January 28, parliament partially withdrew the January 16 laws. Azarov resigned and went to Vienna, his deputy Serhij Arbuzov, a close confidante of Janukovyč, was appointed as interim premier. Jacenjuk and Klitschko announced that they did not want to participate in the government under Janukovyč.
On January 29, the law on the amnesty of peaceful protesters was passed in parliament, provided that all occupied buildings and streets are cleared. Janukovyč appeared personally in parliament to put pressure on his Party of Regions. The opposition insists on an unconditional amnesty for all prisoners.
On January 30th, the organizer of the Automaidan Dmytro Bulatov showed up, seriously injured, with bruises all over his body, a piece of his right ear was missing. He reported torture. The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe adopted the resolution on the situation in Ukraine, in which it considered sanctions against the country in April.
On January 31, a video surfaced on the Internet that showed live ammunition shots at demonstrators by the special forces.
On February 1, 2014, the opposition politicians Jacenjuk and Klitschko appeared at the 50th Munich Security Conference. Klitschko announced the continuation of the protests and blamed those in power in Ukraine for the escalation of violence.
On February 4th, a return to the 2004 constitution, which severely restricts the rights of the president, was discussed in parliament. The opposition blocked parliament.
On February 8, the Ukrainian security service opened a case against the opposition for attempted coup. The Ukrainian Ministry of Interior opened money laundering proceedings against the Maidan coordinating NGO Zentr UA.
On February 11, the US Congress passed a resolution on Ukraine that provided for sanctions against the Ukrainian government in the event that violence continued.
On February 12th, Klitschko called for an All-Ukrainian warning strike, which was held on February 13th.
On February 14, the pretrial detention of many activists was turned into house arrest, after which the Prosecutor General Viktor Pšonka demanded that government buildings and streets be evacuated. On February 15, Jacenjuk declared on behalf of the newly formed alliance “Maidan” that the Maidan would continue to exist. However, the protesters dismantled some barricades and cleared the Kyiv city administration. In the areas the administrations were handed over again.
On February 16, the chairman of the Svoboda party, Oleh Tjahnybok, announced that he would demonstrate in front of the Verkhovna Rada on February 18.
On February 17, Klitschko and Jacenjuk met with Chancellor Angela Merkel in Berlin, who announced financial aid for Ukraine.
Events rolled over on February 18. Approximately 20,000 demonstrators headed for Parliament, where the 2004 Constitution was to be revoked. Speaker of the parliament, Volodymyr Rybak, refused to put the opposition’s bill on the agenda. The news reached the demonstrators, after which some tried to break the militia chains. The violence escalated, the militia and Berkut units used tear gas, threw grenades and fired live ammunition. Snipers took up positions on the roof of the multi-storey hotel “Ukraïna”. The demonstrators defended themselves, throwing stones and Molotov cocktails, the Right Sector called on all gun owners in the Maidan to defend themselves. In the afternoon, the security forces with military equipment and water cannons advanced to the European Square (near the Maidan), occupied the Ukrainian House and the Union House and set them on fire. On that day, 20 dead and over 500 injured were reported. Janukovyč could not be reached by either the opposition or international heads of government.
On the night of February 19, fighting between the special forces and around 20,000 demonstrators on the Maidan continued. The house of the trade unions was in flames, people saved themselves through the windows. There were the first reports of the snipers who positioned themselves on high-rise buildings above Majdan and targeted civilians. An additional 30 deaths were reported on February 19. The Ukrainian security service SBU initiated an “anti-terrorist action”. Janukovyč met Jacenjuk and Klitschko, who initially stated that the meeting was unsuccessful. In the evening Jacenjuk reported that an armistice had been agreed. The SBU buildings were occupied across the country. The EU Council President Van Rompey and the Foreign Minister of Germany Frank-Walter Steinmeier threatened with sanctions. February against some politicians from the Janukovyč area. Several members of the Party of Regions left the party.
The clashes continued on February 20. The snipers killed around 30 people on the Maidan. The dead were laid out in the “Ukraïna” hotel and in the “Myhajlivs’kyj sobor” monastery. Interior Minister Zaharčenko insisted on using weapons against “extremists”. The opposition called on all MPs to appear in parliament to stop the bloodbath and to vote for the lifting of the “anti-terrorist action”. They also wanted to vote on the return to the 2004 constitution and the incision of the presidential powers.
More deaths were reported on February 21. Janukovyč promised to bring the presidential elections forward in 2014. Oppositionists Klitschko, Jacenjuk and Tjahnybok, the foreign ministers from Poland and Germany who had arrived in Kyiv the day before, and a representative from the French foreign ministry, signed an agreement that provided for a return to the 2004 constitution and new elections. Vladimir Putin’s representative returned to Russia the day before. The 2004 constitution was passed in parliament. The MPs voted for the release of the Minister of the Interior, the release of Tymošenko and other political prisoners and for the illegality of the “anti-terrorist action”. In the evening, the Maidan gave Janukovyč an ultimatum to resign by 10 a.m.
On February 22nd, news spread that Janukovyč had flown to a meeting of the Party of Regions in Harkiv. Kyiv was controlled by the Maidan representatives. The so-called “Samooborona” units (self-defense) opened the “Mežyhirja” residence initially to journalists and later to visitors. There the journalists not only found a lot of treasures and expensive kitsch, but above all documents that were published on the website yanukovychleaks.org and that testify to unlimited corruption and criminal potential. Oleksandr Turčynov, a member of the Batkivščyna party, was elected as the new speaker of parliament. Arsen Avakov took over the post of interim Minister of the Interior.
According to extrareference, Ukraine is a country located in Eastern Europe. Russian Defense Minister Pavel Lebedev traveled to Crimea. President Janukovyč was voted out of office. The new elections were set for May 25, 2014. On February 23, Oleksandr Turčynov was elected interim president. The maiden commander Andrij Parubij reported 82 dead and over a thousand injured between February 18 and 22, 2014.
On February 24th, Janukovyč and some of his ministers and top politicians were put out to search. Ukraine found itself close to national bankruptcy. Jacenjuk announced that a few million hryvni remained in the state treasury and the state was almost completely looted. The Russian government attacked the decisions of the parliament and delegitimized its decisions. Demonstrations against the Maidan took place in Sevastopol.
On February 25, the law on the early elections of mayors for the Kyiv City Council and other cities was passed. Klitschko withdrew his candidacy for the presidential post in favor of Petro Porošenko.
On February 26 the situation in Crimea came to a head, with demonstrations for and against the Maidan. On the Ukrainian eastern border, Ukrainian politicians observed the movements of the Russian military.
On February 27, the new interim government headed by Prime Minister Arseniy Jacenjuk was elected.