Estonia Religion, Geography, Politics and Population

By | July 13, 2022

Religion in Estonia

Most of the believing population are adherents of the Lutheran Church, there are Orthodox, Baptists, Methodists and Catholics.

Transport in Estonia

Estonia can be reached by plane, train (the journey from Moscow will be 15 hours) or by bus from St. Petersburg.

Express buses run between cities, which are very comfortable.

In urban public transport, travel is carried out upon presentation of a ticket. It is the same for any type of transport, it is valid for an hour from the date of purchase, there are coupons for 1.10, 20 and 30 days. These coupons can be purchased from the driver or at bus stop kiosks, shops and newsstands.

Payment in a taxi is made only by the meter.

In order to rent a car, you must have an international driver’s license, international insurance (“green card”) or a local traffic insurance policy, which can be obtained at the border crossing. Some companies may require a credit card.

Plant and Animal World in Estonia

38% of the country’s area is occupied by forests. Basically, these are spruce forests and mixed spruce-broad-leaved forests, and in the south-west of the country, pine forests prevail on sandy soils. In the northern part of Estonia you can find unique fields of juniper thickets. On the coast, which is periodically flooded, meadows extend.

Of the animals in Estonian forests, there are elk, roe deer, hares, wild boars, there are brown bears, lynxes, foxes, pine martens, badgers, squirrels, forest polecat, ermine, weasel are common, along the banks of reservoirs – European mink and otter. More than 300 species of birds nest in Estonia, including capercaillie, hazel grouse, woodcock, black grouse, coot, bittern, shepherd, warblers and numerous ducks.

More than 70 species of fish live in coastal waters and inland lakes, such as smelt, vendace, Chudsky whitefish, bream, roach, perch, pike perch, burbot, trout, crucian carp, tench, carp, herring, sprat, cod, flounder, sea whitefish and eel.

Minerals in Estonia

Oil shale, peat, clay, limestone, phosphates, sand, gravel, dolomites and sea mud are mined in Estonia.

Banks in Estonia

Banks are open on weekdays from 9:00 to 18:00 and in the morning on Saturday.

Currency exchange offices are open on working days from 9:00 to 18:00, on Saturdays – from 9:00 to 15:00. Some exchange offices are open on Sunday.

Money in Estonia

The official currency of Estonia is the Estonian kroon. 1 Estonian kroon is equal to 100 cents. In circulation there are banknotes in denominations of 500, 100, 50, 25, 10, 5, 2 and 1 kroons, coins of 1 and 5 kroons, as well as coins of 5, 10, 20 and 50 cents.

You can exchange currency at banks, currency exchange offices in hotels, airports, train stations and bus stations.

Most hotels, restaurants and shops accept credit cards. Most banks cash travelers checks.

Rate: 10 Estonian Kroons (EEK) = 0.38 USD (01/14/2011)

Political State in Estonia

According to politicsezine, Estonia is a parliamentary republic. The head of state is the president, who is elected for a term of 5 years. Executive power is vested in the government headed by the prime minister. Legislative power is in the hands of the National Assembly.

Population in Estonia

The main part of the population is Estonians (68%), Russians (26%), Ukrainians (2%), Belarusians (1%) and Finns (1%) also live in the country.

The state language is Estonian, it belongs to the Finno-Ugric group of languages; Russian, Finnish, English and German are widely spoken in everyday life.

Cuisine in Estonia

Estonian cuisine has borrowed many recipes from Swedish and German cuisines. Most of the dishes are very simple but satisfying.

A variety of soups are served for the first course – soup with barley groats and potatoes, soup with dumplings, soup with peas and barley groats, bread and blueberry soups, herring soup with potatoes, and beer soup.

From the second courses of national cuisine, it is worth trying pork legs with peas, stewed with barley and sauerkraut; pork “pyparkook”; stewed pork with cabbage and pearl barley “mulgi-capsad”; boiled meat with vegetables; blood sausage “vereverst”; smoked trout “suitsukala”; barley flour dumplings; pancakes with blood. For dessert, you will be served excellent jelly, chocolate with nuts, sweets with mint, liquor, coffee or nut fillings.

Of the alcoholic beverages, Saku light beer and Saare dark beer, honey beer and Hoegwein mulled wine are especially popular.

Kuressaare, Saaremaa island (Estonia)

Kuressaare is the main city of Saaremaa. It is the second largest island in the Baltic Sea (2668 sq. km) and the largest island in Estonia. Kuressaare was built in the 14th century as a fortress. In the Middle Ages, it was considered one of the main ports and trade centers of the country.

Tourists are attracted to this city by the world-famous Bishop’s Castle, which is considered the only fully preserved medieval castle in the Baltic States. This is a square building with 40-meter 7-storey watchtowers and powerful bastions. The castle houses the Saaremaa Museum and the Art Gallery.

If you find yourself on the island of Saaremaa, be sure to visit the Viidumäe nature reserve, where 1/3 of all relic plants of the country are collected, and the Vilsandi nature reserve, as well as the Kaali lake geological reserve, which was formed as a result of a meteorite fall about 3 thousand years ago.

Kuressaare, Saaremaa island (Estonia)