Equatorial Guinea Basic Information

By | July 21, 2022

Official name of the state, composition of the government

The head of state has been Brigadier General Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo since August 3, 1979, who seized power in a military coup. Mbasogo is sub-Saharan Africa’s longest-serving head of state, essentially ruling through a network of relatives and members of the Esangui clan – part of the Fang ethnic group.

In July 2017, a nationwide party congress was held, which confirmed the leading role of the current president and party leader. Parliamentary elections, originally planned for 2018, finally took place on November 12, 2017, with an expected almost 100% result for PDGE, whose candidates occupied all 75 seats in the Senate and 99 out of 100 seats in the Chamber of Deputies.
President Obiang chaired four days of government meetings in November 2018, and on the last day he handed over the leadership to his son Teodorín, who chaired the meeting for the first time on November 20, 2018. In early December 2018, the President dismissed the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces, Hermes Nguemo Oyana, who, along with other officers, had been promoted just two months earlier, on October 15, 2018. They too were stripped of their ranks in December, citing only an “agreement between officers”, not a merit promotion. Among those promoted was the president’s son Teodorín, who also jumped one general level, but he retained his new rank of divisional general. Check cancermatters to learn more about Equatorial Guinea political system.

On January 4, 2018, the government issued a statement, according to which state security forces foiled a coup attempt on December 28, 2017. State television TVGE said one coup plotter was killed, 30 militants from Chad, Cameroon, Sudan and the Central African Republic were captured and others “scattered in the forest by gunfire” near the border with Cameroon. The mercenaries, who were supposed to be preparing to overthrow the government of President Obiang, were armed with hand-held rocket launchers and automatic weapons.

The reverberations of the failed coup are still on the agenda. In November 2018, the ruling PDGE party expelled 42 members who were said to have been involved in an attempt to overthrow President Obiang. In February 2019, Equatorial Guinea became the country holding the presidency of the UN Security Council. On that occasion, President Obiang made a speech in which he pointed out the negative influence of mercenaries on the African continent, pointing out that the militants from their ranks participated in four attempts to overthrow him, including the last one. He also accused France, among others, of supporting the coup plotters. Check prozipcodes for Equatorial Guinea defense and foreign policy.

Executive power is concentrated in the hands of the president and his deputy (vice president), the prime minister only has a coordinating role according to the new 2012 constitution.

Composition of the government (April 2019)

Prime Minister:.Francisco Pascual Obama Asue

  1. Deputy Prime Minister in charge of the political sector and local cooperation Clemente Engonga Nguema Onguene
  2. Deputy Prime Minister in charge of parliamentary relations and legal issues Ángel Mesie Mibuy
    Deputy Prime Minister in charge of human rights Alfonso Nsue Mokuy.


national security: Nicolás Obama Nchama

tourism: Tomás Mecheba Fernández Galilea

Foreign Affairs and Cooperation: Agapito Mba Mokuy

Justice and Prison: Evangelina Filomena Oyo Ebule

national defense: Vicente Eya Olomo

finance editor: Miguel Engonga Obiang Eyang

education and science: Jesús Engonga Ndong

healthcare Salomón Nguema Obono.

Public Works and Infrastructure: Pedro Ondo Nguema

urban planning Reginaldo Asue Mangue

work, employment and social security: Ángel Borico Moisés

agriculture, livestock and food: Víctor Grange Meile

fisheries and water resources: Estanislao Don Malabo

Forests and Environment: Francisco Mba Olo Bahamonde

mines and oil industry: Gabriel Mbega Obiang Lima

industry and energy: Eugenio Edu Ndong

information, press and radio: Eugenio Nze Obiang

social affairs and gender equality: Consuelo Ondo Nzang

shipping and mail: Celestino Bonifacio Bacale Obiang

telecommunications and new technologies: Maximiliano Meko Aveme

public administration and public reforms: Fausto Ndong Esono Eyang

economics, planning and public investment: Eucario Bakale Angüe

sportsman: Andres Jorge Mbomio Nsem Abua

shop: Antonio Pedro Olivera Boropa

SME support: Hermes Ela Mifumu

civil aviation: Fausto Abeso Fuma

culture and handicrafts: Guillermina Mekuy Mba Obono.

Demographic trends: Population, average annual increase, demographic composition (including nationalities, religious groups)

Data on the number of inhabitants vary between 0.7 and million inhabitants. The share of the economically active population is approximately 54%.

The average annual population increase is 2.54%, age structure: 0-14 years: 40.8%, 15-64 years: 55.2%, over 65 years: 4.0%.

The largest ethnic group in Equatorial Guinea are members of the Fang nationality (86%), followed by Bubi (6.5%), Mdowe (3.4%).

The main religion in the Republic of Equatorial Guinea is Christianity (primarily Roman Catholic). A small part of the population practices traditional religion (animism).

The official languages ​​are Spanish and, since 1998, French. However, Spanish clearly prevails. French is used mainly in the business and commercial spheres. President Obiang Nguema proposed in 2010 that Portuguese become the country’s third official language. The so-called “broken” English (pidgin English) is also used among the inhabitants, as well as the local languages ​​Fang, Bubi and Ibo.

Equatorial Guinea Basic Information