Dominican Republic Basic Information

By | July 21, 2022

Basic information about the territory

Dominican Republic Basic Information

  • System of governance and political tendencies in the country
  • Foreign policy of the country
  • Population

The system of governance and political tendencies in the country

Official name of the country: Dominican Republic (República Dominicana)

Administrative division of the country: 31 provinces, 1 federal district Capital: Santo Domingo The Dominican Republic is a representative democracy with separate executive, legislative and judicial powers. It is a presidential republic, the president is the head of state and government. The president of the country is Luis Rodolfo Abinader Corona (born 12/07/1967 in Santo Domingo) representing the Modern Revolutionary Party PRM. The Dominican Republic has a bicameral parliament (190 deputies, 32 senators, members of both chambers are elected directly). In the country, the valid constitution was promulgated on 28 November 1966, the amendment to the constitution was approved on 25 July 2002. Universal voting rights apply to all citizens over the age of 18. Check diseaseslearning to learn more about Dominican Republic political system.

Composition of the government: President of the Republic: Luis Rodolfo Abinader Corona

Vice President of the Republic: Raquel Peña Minister of the Interior and Police: Jesús (Chú) Vásquez

Martínez Minister of Finance: Jochi Vicente

Minister without portfolio: Geanilda Vásquez

Minister of Strategic Projects: Neney Cabrera Minister of Economy, Planning and Development: Miguel Ceara Hatton

Minister of Foreign Affairs: Roberto Alvarez Minister of Education: Roberto Fulcar Encarnacion

Minister of Labor: Luis Miguel De Camps Minister of Sports and Recreation: Francisco Camacho

Minister of Energy and Mines: Antonio Almonte

Minister of Industry and Trade: Ito Bisonó Minister of Public Works: Deligne Ascención Burgos

Minister of Environment and Natural Resources: Orlando Jorge Mera

Minister of Women: Mayra Jiménez Minister of Public Administration: Darío Castillo Lugo

Administrative Minister of the Presidency: Jose Ignacio Paliza

The country exhibits political stability, a negative factor being the ubiquitous high level of corruption across the political system. The main political force is the Modern Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Moderno, PRM) and the main opposition party is the Dominican Liberation Party (Partido de la Liberación Dominicana, PLD). Both the ruling party and the opposition are characterized as left-of-centre parties, so from an ideological point of view there is no significant difference between the government and the opposition. Congressional, municipal and presidential elections are held every four years. In 2020, the presidential and parliamentary elections originally scheduled for 17 May 2020 were postponed due to the pandemic. The elections were finally held on 5 July 2020, with the new president taking office on 16 August 2020.

Foreign policy of the country

The foreign policy of the DR is largely influenced by the geography of this island state. DR occupies two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola belonging to the Greater Antilles archipelago. In addition to the neighborhood with Haiti, the DR is a neighboring state of other culturally very different islands. It is located in the traditional sphere of influence of the USA and, despite its Caribbean geographical location, it feels its natural belonging to the region of Latin America and especially to Central America. The DR has adopted a pragmatic profile of a liberal economy over the past two decades and is striving to be seen as a model in Central America and the Caribbean. DR shares the island with Haiti, the common border is 360 kilometers long. Haiti is one of the poorest countries in the world, with which the DR has historical conflicts caused by illegal migration and the huge income gap between the two parts of the island. The boundary is very porous and difficult to control. In March 2021, President Abinader unveiled a plan to build a 392 km separation fence on the border with Haiti to combat arms and drug trafficking and illegal migration. The instability that Haiti is going through, especially after the assassination of the president in July 2021, recurring violence, migration flows, smuggling problems and a significant trade imbalance between the two countries make for a complex bilateral relationship. The DR’s foreign policy is characterized by excellent relations with the USA, the main investor and business partner. Trade with the US accounts for 50% of Dominican foreign trade mainly thanks to the DR-CAFTA free trade agreement, which also includes free trade with Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. The political agenda of both countries is largely dictated from Washington and focuses on issues of migration and security, with particular emphasis on the fight against drugs that travel through the island. The DR has traditional historical relations with Spain due to its Hispanic heritage, which in many cases facilitates the convergence of political viewpoints. More than 26,000 Spaniards live in the DR and there are a large number of companies owned by families of Spanish origin. There is a significant trade exchange between the DR and Spain, which makes Spain the largest European exporter to the DR. At the same time, Spain is the third largest foreign investor in the DR, with total investments worth almost EUR 2 billion. It invests mainly in the tourism sector. In April 2018, the DR established diplomatic relations with China and severed all diplomatic relations with Taiwan. In recent years, these relations have been developing despite the fact that from 2020 the Chinese government cannot have investments in the DR in strategic sectors such as telecommunications, ports and airports. China supplied the DR with coronavirus vaccines during the pandemic. The European Union and the DR have enjoyed excellent relations since 1989, when the DR acceded to the Cotonou Agreement on rapprochement between the EU and African, Caribbean and Pacific states. Together with the EU-CARIFORUM Economic Association Agreement signed in 2008, the EU-Caribbean Joint Partnership Strategy provides a framework for relations between the two regions by providing space for ever-increasing dialogue and cooperation. From 2021, a new multi-annual financial framework for the period 2021–2027 is in force. Over the past 30 years, DR has received almost EUR 1 billion from the EU to support the National Development Plan (NDP). The programs are mainly focused on strengthening institutions, reforming public finances, vocational technical education, combating violence against women, combating organized crime, drugs and human trafficking. The EU has an EU Delegation and five permanent embassies of member states in Santo Domingo. Check themotorcyclers for Dominican Republic defense and foreign policy.


The Dominican Republic has a total population of 11 million with an average annual increase of 1.01%.

The population density is 211 inhabitants/km2.

Ethnic composition: 70.4% mixed race (mestizo, mulatto), 15.8% African-American, 13.5% white, 0.3% other

Religious composition: 47.8% Roman Catholic, 21.3% Protestant, 28% Atheism, 2.2% other, 0.7% not stated

The official language is Spanish. It is also possible to negotiate in English or French.