Denmark Literature Part VII

By | December 18, 2021

A movement analogous to that of “Young Germany” was what followed. Poetry, he told himself, must be placed at the service of life. The weekly directed by Goldschmidt was entitled Il Corsaro ; and the elegance of his combative prose made him a master of journalism as well as of novel prose (En Jøde). All lyrical exaltation of the Scandinavian idea and all lit with national enthusiasm is the pocsia of C. Ploug. J. Ch. Hostrup’s comedies adhere to student life, capture reality and bring it to the stage, they want to be not poetry, but life in the naturalness of its development.

However, this was not enough to make the romantic idyllic realism of the previous era disappear. The actual poetry, an end in itself, was in fact considered as rest, left to idyllic natures. And therefore it is often combined with the image of Italy: an Italy that is all sunsets, taverns in ruins, statues, beautiful Roman women mixing wine: as in HP Holst (1811-1893), in Chr. Richardt (1831) -1892) and especially in V. Bergsøe: as it had already been in Bødtger; and as it is also in Molbech, although he was also Dante’s translator, and on Dante he composed one of his plays. Such is the poetry of Bergsøe, Molbech and Richardt even in the compositions of non-Italian subjects. And such is that of HW Kaalund (1818-1885), all outpouring of feelings without thought, albeit sincere and passionate poetry; and he too began with a trip to Italy; such is that of E. Lembke (1815-1897) and other minors. The theater is represented by Bournonville’s vaudevilles (these too often on Italian subjects) and by E. Bøgh’s comedies-vaudeville; the narrative literature from historical novels, very widespread at the time, by Carit Etlar (C. Brosbøll, 1816-1900), and by HF Ewald (1821-1908). We always live in a world that takes away a little color from reality, or takes restlessness away, but finds its refuge in the world of fantasy. then very widespread by Carit Etlar (C. Brosbøll, 1816-1900), and by HF Ewald (1821-1908). We always live in a world that takes away a little color from reality, or takes restlessness away, but finds its refuge in the world of fantasy. then very widespread by Carit Etlar (C. Brosbøll, 1816-1900), and by HF Ewald (1821-1908). We always live in a world that takes away a little color from reality, or takes restlessness away, but finds its refuge in the world of fantasy. For Denmark 2016, please check softwareleverage.org.

This is why Hans Egede Schack’s accusation of lack of energy, discipline, will, in Fantmterne, produces the impression, as it was said, of “a cut in the living flesh”. And for this reason, in addition to his ingenious power, the psychologically most representative man of the century remains Kierkegaard. On the one hand the beautiful life, on the other the truth. In the contrast between the will to absolute in truth and the will to beauty, between religion and joie de vivre, morality and poetry, Kierkegaard will macerate himself. And from this painful, voluptuous maceration his work was born; with its flight towards the absolute; with life understood “as a step on the way to God”; with the rise from the aesthetic world, through irony, to the ethical world and finally to the religious one. Just as Grundtvig is the Danish antecedent of Biørnson’s personality, so Kierkegaard is the Danish antecedent, not only of Jacobsen, but of Ibsen.

The Danish defeat of ’64 and the loss of Schleswig-Holstein was, as often happens in the crises of peoples, spiritually beneficial. Brandes was able to accuse his countrymen of torpor, of feeble weariness in isolation: but Brandes’ call to reality fell into fruitful ground. The new positive philosophy, the sociology of Comte, the theory of evolution, together with the progress of the exact sciences, aroused the new faith of which Brandes, who went to Paris to the school of the Taine, became the auctioneer. Even with its intermediate character between the professional and the journalistic, Brandes’ work was of powerful breath, for the eloquent concreteness of the word, for the intuition of penetration, for the vastness: seen within the perspective of the Danish literature of his time, it undoubtedly looks great.

The insertion of Denmark into the European spiritual life, the revision of European values ​​from the point of view of the new positivistic and naturalistic faith, the interpretation of Danish poetry and literature with new methods and with the new spirit, the preaching of new aesthetic values, social, moral, in view of reality, the stimulus to the new literature, had such a significance that it led to a general renewal from which none of the young could escape. His brother, Edvard Brandes, supported him in the fight, supporting him especially in the theatrical and journalistic fields. Sophus Schandorff translated the new aesthetic verb into his robust descriptions of peasant life. The short stories of PF Rist, E. Skram, Z. Nielsen, J. Skytte drew nourishment from it as well as the theater of O. Benzon, G. Esman, etc.

Denmark Literature Part VII