Denmark Foreign Trade and Population

By | December 18, 2021

Foreign Trade. – The geographic situation of Denmark and its specialization in some branches of industry have made it more or less dependent on imports and exports: the country has benefited from great commercial advantages; in fact 9.9% of the population lives on trade; few other countries have such a high percentage. In the middle of the century. XIX the percentage was 5%. The commercial movement is therefore very relevant: in 1925 it was calculated at 8.60 gold crowns per pop. Comparing trade movement and population, Denmark is therefore the third among European countries: the first two are the Netherlands and Switzerland. From the following table you can find the entry and exit figures according to the weight and value:

The overall surplus of imports over exports is not related to the higher income of agricultural products; indeed this group forms the bulk export (3 / 4 of the total).There will include live animals for a value of 50 million crowns, and products of animal origin edible for a value of 1373 mil. of crowns. The latter are mostly divided between pork (520 million crowns), butter (568 million crowns) and eggs (123 million crowns), items that make up respectively 24.4% and 26.5%, and 6.3% of total exits. The import of cereals amounts to 270 mil. crowns, that of fodder to 232 million, that of fertilizers to 75 million. For Denmark business, please check

Exports include ships, cars, machines, for a total value of 126 mil. of crowns; oils and the like, for 43 million; hides and skins for 35 million; Portland cement and other mineral products for 28 million. The most important non-agricultural commodities are: colonial goods (110 million crowns), fuels, raw and semi-finished materials for industry and pre-packaged industrial items; in all about 40% of the total import. The largest buyers of Danish agricultural products are England and Germany, which are also the largest suppliers. England sends coal and coke, and also imports some industrial products: the latter, however, are mainly absorbed by Germany. After the war, trade with Germany decreased significantly in favor of the United States, which supplies many industrial products (e.g. cars), as well as cereals, fodder, gasoline, oil, etc. Norway, Sweden and Finland import construction timber and timber in general; Nitrates for fertilizer come from Norway.

The trade balance deficit is covered by two important elements: the voyages of merchant shipping to foreign countries, as well as to Faroe, Iceland and Greenland, which brought in a profit of 199 million crowns in 1925, and the investment of capital. in foreign companies. As a result of the ever-increasing movement, enormous sums were used in factories, ports and railways. The public debt, which had decreased during the World War, is on the rise again (as of March 31, 1927 it was 528,759,000 crowns).

Distribution and population density. – As mentioned above, the population is very evenly distributed. About 50% is concentrated in centers of more than 1000 residents, who for the most part live on industry and commerce. The agricultural population proper is scattered throughout the country. In relation to the quality of the land, however, there is some difference in density in the rural population, as can be seen from the following picture:

In western Jütland there is scarcely fertile soils to the south and west of the line that marks the stop of the ice during the last glacial period and this explains the lower population density. In other times the rural population of Denmark lived in large centers, but after the agrarian reform of 1800 most of the farmers moved from the villages to the countryside. Currently the cottages are almost all scattered around the fields; therefore the population of the villages has generally decreased. The population is increasing only in those centers that are located on natural communication routes, which have become important for the growth of industries and trade.

With the development of railways, new housing centers were formed at railway stations, some of which grew to merit the privileges of cities. In 1925 there were 167 agglomerations of more than 1000 residents Cities with more than 20,000 residents there are 9, of which only one, Copenhagen, the capital, exceeds 500,000 residents (587,000 residents And 731,000 with the suburbs); none of the other cities reaches 100,000 residents (Aarhus 76,200; Odense, 52,400; Aalborg, 42,800; Horsens, 28,000; Randers, 26,800; Esbjerg, 24,000; Vejle, 24,000).

In total about 1.7 mil. of residents, that is 50% of the Danish population, live in centers with more than 1000 residents. The distribution of the cities more or less coincides with the thickening of the rural population. Thus West Jütland has a relatively small number of large cities; this does not depend solely on the limited extent of the hinterland, but also on the lack of good ports. In the rest of the country almost all the cities are maritime; among those with more than 5000 residents only twelve are internal. The largest of these, Viborg (pop. 15,373), is located on the trade route that crosses Jütland and has existed since ancient times; in the Middle Ages the Danish kings were crowned there. The vast surroundings of Viborg are very productive. The fact that the capital rises on the island Seeland causes the urban population to be far prevalent in the islands. Seeland has no medium-sized cities, which could not compete with Copenhagen.

The movement of emigrants results from the following annual averages: 1909-13: 8291; 1914-18: 3235; 1919-23: 5929; 1924-27: 6174. Since the only Danish colony, Greenland, cannot receive a large number of emigrants, they look elsewhere. At one time it was the United States that welcomed the largest number, but, following the new restrictions, Canada prevailed: in 1927, in fact, 3835 Danes entered, compared to 2962 welcomed in the United States. They are mostly farmers between the ages of 20 and 30. The good attitudes of the Danish emigrant and his ease of adaptation make him well regarded abroad, but for these same reasons the homeland often loses him. Among the 7996 expatriates in 1927 there were 2114 women.

Denmark People