Denmark Basic Information

By | July 21, 2022

Basic information about the territory

Denmark Basic Information

Subchapters:

  • System of governance and political tendencies in the country
  • Foreign policy of the country
  • Population

The system of governance and political tendencies in the country

Official State Name:

  • Czech: Kingdom of Denmark
  • Danish: Kongeriget Danmark
  • English: Kingdom of Denmark

The Kingdom of Denmark is a country located in Northern Europe, which includes, in addition to Denmark itself, two autonomous territories – Greenland and the Faroe Islands. Denmark is a constitutional monarchy with a unicameral parliament (Folketinget) elected for 4 years. The head of state is Her Majesty Queen Margaret II.

Danish negative parliamentarism is characterized by the fact that power does not alternate with individual parties (or ad hoc coalitions), but with two party-political blocs: red (left) and blue (right). Therefore, public opinion polls and election results are always conducted on the basis of these blocs. This often results in minority governments (only the leading party of the red bloc is now in government) with general parliamentary support in the other parties of the relevant (currently red bloc). Check computerminus to learn more about Denmark political system.

The current social democratic government of Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen is also not based on a classic government program, but on a joint post-election declaration (so-called Understanding) of the four parties of the red bloc. The government also does not appear before the parliament after the elections with a request for a vote of confidence. In the practice of Danish consensus parliamentarism, however, the government always seeks a majority in parliament across the political spectrum, which it very often finds. Laws almost always come to the Chamber of Deputies with a pre-negotiated majority.

Composition of the government:

  • Prime Minister Mette FREDERIKSEN
  • Minister of Finance Nicolai WAMMEN
  • Minister of Foreign Affairs Jeppe KOFOD
  • Minister of Justice Mattias TESFAYE
  • Minister for Social Affairs and Seniors Astrid KRAG
  • Minister for Tax Affairs Jeppe Bruus CHRISTENSEN
  • Minister for Climate, Energy and Resources Dan JØRGENSEN
  • Minister for Food and Fisheries Rasmus PREHN
  • Minister of Health and Elderly Care Magnus HEUNICKE
  • Minister of Transport and Equal Rights Trine BRAMSEN
  • Minister for Development and Nordic Cooperation Flemming MØLLER MORTENSEN
  • Minister for Children and Education Pernille ROSENKRANTZ-THEIL
  • Minister of Defense Morten BØDSKOV
  • Minister for Education and Science Jesper PETERSEN
  • Minister of Trade Simon KOLLERUP
  • Minister for Immigration and Integration Kaare DYBVAD BEK
  • Minister for Employment Peter HUMMELGAARD
  • Minister for the Interior and Housing Christian MADSEN
  • Minister of the Environment Lea WERMELIN
  • Minister of Culture and Church Affairs Ane HALSBOE-JØRGENSEN

The current one-color Social Democratic government relies on a comfortable and stable parliamentary majority of the red bloc (the support of the Social Democracy itself is around 30%). There is thus an assumption that the government will complete its mandate without problems.

Foreign policy of the country

Denmark’s foreign policy is based on the country’s membership in Euro-Atlantic structures and the close cooperation of the Nordic countries. Denmark is a founding member of the North Atlantic Alliance, a member country of the Arctic Council (thanks to Greenland and the Faroe Islands) and has been a member state of the European Union since 1973, albeit with exceptions in the areas of EU citizenship, common currency, defense, justice and home affairs (Edinburgh Agreement, Danish Protocol to the Lisbon Treaty).. As a member of NATO and the EU, it is an active contributor to foreign stabilization operations and training missions. Check relationshipsplus for Denmark defense and foreign policy.

Denmark maintains constructive relations with all European countries, its coexistence with neighboring states (it has a land border only with Germany, the border with other neighbors is the Baltic or the North Sea) is not burdened by any significantly negative historical or current disputes. Denmark’s foreign policy is largely characterized by pragmatism and an orientation towards economic profit, but Denmark is also a vocal supporter of democratic values, human rights and freedoms, and in this direction it is also active both at the United Nations and in other relevant organizations and their bodies.

Denmark (Copenhagen) is home to the European office of the World Health Organization (WHO), the European Environment Agency (EEA) and other organizations.

Population

Population:

  • Owned by Denmark: 5,873,420
  • Faroe Islands: 53,500
  • Greenland: 58,500

The population density in Denmark itself reaches 13 inhabitants/km2, the share of the economically active population is 63.6% and the average annual population increase is 0.2%.

Structure by gender:

  • 49.8% men
  • 50.2% female

Age structure:

  • 0-19 years: 22.4%
  • 20-59 years: 52.1%
  • 60+ years: 25.5%

Danes make up 86.3% of the population, a German minority (about 20,000 people) lives in the south of the Jutland Peninsula; another 13.7% are immigrants and their descendants, of which 54% come from Europe (Turkey, Poland and countries of the former Yugoslavia), 33% from Asia (Iraq, Pakistan, Iran, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan) and 9% from Africa (Somalia, Ethiopia, Morocco). There are no official statistical data on the representation of individual national minorities.