Czech Republic Travel Facts

By | April 4, 2022

The Czech Republic is located in Central Europe between Germany, Poland, Slovakia and Austria. The country with its graceful castles and palaces, exciting local beers and a long history is an interesting and quite inexpensive travel destination.

Capital City Prague
Size 78.866 km²
Resident 10.637.794
Official Language Czech
Currency Czech koruna
Time Zone UTC + 1 MEZ
Telephone Area Code +420

Fast facts to know

  • Czechs love beer. More than 160 liters are drunk per capita per year.
  • Many words in the Czech language do not require vowels.
  • National sport is ice hockey.
  • The most famous Czech was probably Franz Kafka.
  • 59% of the population are non-denominational.
  • The white and red of the flag stands for Bohemia, red still for Slovakia even after the separation.
  • Bohemian Forest, Ore and Giant Mountains are densely forested and ideal for hikers and mountain bikers.
  • Taxi drivers in the Czech Republic like to take a small detour, and you should also pay very close attention to the correct exchange rates at exchange offices.
  • Paying in euros is usually more expensive than in crowns.
  • The Czech Republic has good public transport.
  • The Czech Republic is one of the most successful economies in the EU.

Exciting cities in the Czech Republic

  • Prague
  • Karlsbad
  • Znaim
  • Krumau
  • Budweis
  • Brno
  • Marienbad
  • Teltsch

History of the Czech Republic

  • From 5300 to 4500 BC Extensive Neolithic settlement.
  • Around 550 immigration of Slavs.
  • 623 to 658 Kingdom of Samo.
  • 768 to 814 Frankish sphere of rule under Charlemagne.
  • 9.-14. Jh. Premyslidendynastie.
  • 1310-1415 Luxembourg rule.
  • 15. Jh. Hussitenbewegung.
  • 1471 Jagiellonian rule.
  • 1526 Beginning of Habsburg rule.
  • 1618 second Prague defenestration initiates the Bohemian uprising against the emperor and leads to the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648), which devastated large parts of Europe and especially Germany.
  • From 1885 National revival of the Czechs.
  • 1918 Creation of Czechoslovakia.
  • 1918 to 1938 First Czechoslovak Republic.
  • 1939 Invasion of German troops leads to the establishment of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. The Slovak state was a satellite state of the German Empire.
  • On May 5, 1945, the Prague uprising against the German occupying power began.
  • Real socialism led by the USSR.
  • 1968 Prague Spring.
  • 1989 Samtene Revolution.
  • 1992 Constitution of the Czech Republic as a “democratic constitutional state” is adopted.
  • 1993 Dissolution of Czechoslovakia. Proclamation of the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic as independent states.
  • 2004 accession to the European Union.

Climate & travel weather in the Czech Republic

  • Mostly continental climate.
  • Significant temperature differences between the coldest month of January and the hottest month of July.
  • Very different amounts of precipitation across the country.
  • High amounts of precipitation, especially on the north-western slopes of the mountains.
  • On the other hand, there is snow on the mountains on around 130 days.
  • From May/June it will be much milder.
  • July and August also over thirty degrees possible.
  • Autumn is usually warm at first, but significantly cooler from October.
  • Recommended travel time:
    • City breaks: May to Sep.
    • Winter Sports: Dec to March.
    • Outdoor holidays: June to Aug.
    • Hiking & Mountaineering: Sep.

Ideas for excursions in the Czech Republic

  • Prague:
    • Charles Bridge
    • Castle of Prague
    • Veitsdom
  • Schloss Frauenberg
  • Castle and Castle Elbogen
  • Burg Karlstein
  • Nikolsburg
  • KZ-Theresienstadt
  • Pilsner Urquelle brewery
  • Prebischtor Viewpoint

Eating & drinking in the Czech Republic

  • Kitchen was once among the best in Europe.
  • Mainly inspired by traditional Old Bohemian recipes.
  • Typical home cooking, especially home-grown / -breeding preferred.
  • Traditional cuisine is mostly high in calories, greasy and high in sugar.
  • The most important meal is lunch, in the evenings people tend to eat light and cold meals.
  • Czechs like to eat meat, mostly pork or beef, poultry, rarely lamb, game or fish.
  • Popular side dishes: bread dumplings, potato dumplings, sweet dumplings, meat-filled dumplings.
  • Sauces are usually an important part of the food.
  • Very popular: sweet pastries.
  • A paradise for beer lovers, many varieties (coffee beer, nettle beer, banana beer, sour cherry beer…), the best known being Pilsner and Budweiser.
  • Typical dishes:
    • Roast pork with cabbage and dumplings.
    • Bohemian dumplings.
    • Hackbraten.
    • Lendenbraten.
    • Potato soup with lots of marjoram.
    • Sauerkraut soup.
    • Garlic soup.
    • Chicken broth with homemade noodles.
    • Beef soup with liver dumplings.
    • Gulash soup.
    • tripe soup.
    • Palace ham.

Particularly scenic

  • Bohemian Switzerland
  • Böhmerwald
  • Edmundsklamm
  • Kirnitzschklamm
  • Wild Gorge
  • Biosphärenreservats Sumava
  • Podyjí National Park
  • Adrspach rock town
  • Schneekoppe

Czech Republic Travel Facts