According to constructmaterials, The Czech Republic is a landlocked country located in Central Europe. It is bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east, and Poland to the northeast. The capital of the Czech Republic is Prague which is located in western Bohemia. Other major cities include Brno in southern Moravia, Ostrava in northeastern Moravia, Liberec in northern Bohemia near Ještěd Mountain, and České Budějovice in southern Bohemia.
The Czech Republic has a total land area of 78,866 square kilometers (30,450 square miles). Its coastline stretches 0 kilometers (0 miles) since it is a landlocked country. The country’s highest point is Sněžka at 1,602 meters (5,256 feet). Its main rivers are Elbe River which flows through northern Bohemia and Vltava River which flows through central Bohemia and Prague. There are also numerous smaller rivers throughout its interior such as Odra River which flows through eastern Moravia near Ostrava.
Manufacturing Sector in Czech Republic
The manufacturing sector in Czech Republic is a major contributor to the country’s economy, accounting for around 20 percent of its GDP and employing approximately 11 percent of the population. The sector has undergone significant transformation since the transition to a market economy after the fall of communism in 1989, with strong growth in both domestic and export-oriented production.
The main industries within manufacturing are automotive, machinery, pharmaceuticals, electronics and IT, chemical products, metallurgy and textiles. The automotive industry is particularly important to the country’s economy as it accounts for more than 10 percent of total exports. Major players in this sector include Škoda Auto (the largest carmaker in Central Europe), TPCA (Toyota Peugeot Citroen Automobile) and Volkswagen Group.
The machinery industry is also very important to Czech Republic’s economy due to its high export rate and technological advancement. This includes production of machine tools, agricultural equipment, construction machinery, electrical appliances and consumer goods like clocks or cameras. Major companies operating in this sector include Siemens AG Czech Republic (electrical equipment), TOS Varnsdorf (machine tools) and Böhler-Uddeholm CZ (metallurgical products).
The pharmaceuticals industry is another major sector within manufacturing with leading firms such as Zentiva (a subsidiary of Sanofi), GSK CZ (GlaxoSmithKline’s Czech operations) and Dr. Max Pharma (a subsidiary of Germany’s Stada Arzneimittel). The electronics and IT industry consists mainly of software development companies such as Microsoft CZ or AVG Technologies while chemical products are produced by firms like Chemapol Group or Unipetrol.
The metallurgy industry is also prominent in Czech Republic, with companies like ArcelorMittal Ostrava (steel production) or Vitkovice Steel (iron and steel production) playing a leading role. Finally, the textile industry is represented by companies such as Textilana (clothing) or Duratex (textiles).
Overall, the manufacturing sector in Czech Republic is an important contributor to the country’s economy due to its high export rate and technological advancement. The sector has been steadily growing over the past few decades and is likely to continue doing so with ongoing population growth creating more demand for housing and infrastructure works.
Mining Sector in Czech Republic
The mining sector in the Czech Republic has a long and distinguished history. From the Middle Ages through to the present day, it has been an integral part of both the economic and cultural development of this Central European nation. The country is home to several major mining operations, including coal, lignite, iron ore, copper and uranium. In recent years, there has been a renewed focus on exploration for new mineral deposits and resources due to rising demand for raw materials from both domestic and international markets. As such, investment in exploration activities is on the rise with companies from around the world looking to capitalize on opportunities in this sector.
In terms of production volumes, coal remains the dominant mineral resource in the Czech Republic with around 11 million tons produced each year. The largest coal producer is Českomoravská Uhelná (ČMU) which operates several mines across the country and employs thousands of people. Lignite is also mined in significant quantities in parts of northern Bohemia with output totaling 1 million tons annually. Iron ore production stands at around 500 thousand tons per annum with copper production at about 10 thousand tons annually. Finally, uranium is mined by Diamo a.s., located near Prague and producing just over 1 thousand tons per year.