Cyprus Road Network

By | November 25, 2022

The highways in Cyprus.

According to wholevehicles, Cyprus has a well-developed road network, with many motorways for its size, the most per capita of all European countries. The highways are all located in the south of Cyprus, although the Turks have also made an attempt to build roads, there is no real highway in Turkish Cyprus, but there is a 2×2 express road from Nicosia to Famagusta. All major cities are connected by motorways, with a network in the east and south of Cyprus. The northwest of Cyprus has a less developed road network, as does Turkish Cyprus. Cyprus’ highway network was approximately 250 kilometers long in 2015, with a number of new projects planned but postponed due to the country’s financial crisis.

Motorways

Cyprus has a network of motorways on the southern part of the island. The motorways connect all the major cities of Cyprus. The main motorway is the A1 which runs from Nicosia to Limassol, the country’s two largest cities. The A2 is a fork of this and goes to the port city of Larnaca. The A3 runs around Larnaca to Ayia Napa on the far east of Cyprus. The A4 is not a real highway, but has been given an A number as a connection between Larnaca and Larnaca Airport. The A5 links the A3 at Larnaca and the A1 towards Limassol. The A6is actually an extension of the A1 from Limassol further along the southwest coast to Paphos. The A7 is a planned motorway extension of the A6 from Paphos along the west coast to Polis. The A8 has been studied as a northern approach road to Limassol, but it is not a concrete project. The A9 forms the western approach road to Nicosia and is not connected to the rest of the Cypriot motorway network. The A22 is a planned bypass of Nicosia to connect the A1 and A9.

Almost all motorways have 2×2 lanes, except for a 15 km stretch of the A1 from Nicosia to the junction with the A3 to Larnaca. This route has 2×3 lanes. Not all interchanges are designed in a modern way, for example, the A2 and A5 do not connect at one level with the A3 around Larnaca. As a result, there are only two real junctions in Cyprus, the A1/A3 junction and the junction between the A1 and A5 at Kofinou.

The motorways are toll-free.

Main roads

The main roads are formed by a network of main roads, numbered in the series B1 to B22. They form the other main roads and run parallel to motorways. Especially in the mountainous interior, the main roads are the only through roads. They are usually single lanes with oncoming traffic and are seldom developed to a high standard. Only the access roads of Nicosia, Limassol and Larnaca have 2×2 lanes. The B8 and B9 converge at approximately 1,700 meters on the slopes of Olympus and are the highest main roads in Cyprus.

Secondary roads

The secondary roads are formed by the other paved road network. These connect rural areas and connect villages to the road network of Cyprus. They are numbered with a 3-digit E number. The highest secondary road is the E910 over Olympus at an altitude of approximately 1,800 meters. The secondary roads open up fairly large areas in the interior as Cyprus has relatively few main roads in this region. These areas are sparsely populated and mountainous, the secondary roads here are often very winding.

Local roads

The other roads form the local roads, numbered with a 3-digit F number, in the same series as the E numbers. F numbers are formally temporary numbers pending upgrade to a secondary road. The F935 is the highest road in Cyprus and runs to the top of the 1,952 meter high Olympus. The local roads are nowadays mostly asphalted.

Road numbering

Road number for a main road.

Road number for a motorway.

Road number for a secondary road.

The road network is classified in 5 layers; first the Motorways, which have the prefix “A”, and then the main roads, with the prefix “B”. Secondary roads have the prefix “E” and have three digits. Local roads do not have official numbering yet, but the prefix “F” is reserved. There are also unnumbered roads.

Signage

The signage in Cyprus is somewhat similar to that of Greece, with green signs and white letters for the English translation and yellow letters for the Greek translation. The layout of the plates is more similar to that of the United Kingdom, which is most strongly reflected in the fork plates. Motorways road numbers are marked with a green shield containing a hexagonal frame in yellow with the number, including prefix.

Road safety

Year Road fatalities
2010 60
2011 71
2012 51
2013 44
2014 45
2015 57
2016 46
2017 53
2018 49
2019 52

In 2010, there were 73 road deaths per 1 million inhabitants in Cyprus, a decrease of 39 percent compared to 2001. Cyprus was therefore slightly less road-safe than the average in the European Union, but fell to the EU average in 2013. However, the number of road deaths subsequently increased again, a trend that was visible in many EU countries. The number of road deaths per 1 million inhabitants in 2015 was significantly above the EU average.

Cyprus Road Network