Cuba and the United States

By | December 8, 2021

Since 1960, the United States has waged an economic war against Cuba and imposed a heavy unilateral trade embargo (accentuated in the 1990s by the Torricelli and Helms-Burton laws and further reinforced by the administration Bush in May 2004), which undermines the island’s economic growth, with severe consequences for the population. The US is also pursuing a permanent media battle against Havana via Radio Martí and TV Martí, which are based in Florida. Shadow offices such as NED (National Endowment for Democracy), an NGO created by Ronald Reagan in 1983, subsidize groups abroad that spread anti-Cuban propaganda. According to the Associated Press news agency, in 2005 the NED would have financed organizations active in Europe that are campaigning for regime change in Cuba with 2.4 million dollars. USAID (United States Agency for International Development), which is directly dependent on the United States government, has paid more than $ 65 million to anti-Cuban groups based primarily in Florida since 1996. In May 2004, the Bush administration decided to create an additional $ 80 million fund to help these same groups. Paramilitary organizations hostile to the Cuban regime, including Alpha 66 and Omega 7, are based in Florida, where they have training camps and from where they regularly send commandos charged with carrying out sabotage and armed attacks. In fact, in the past forty years Cuba has been one of the countries in the world that has suffered most from terrorism, with a high rate of victims from attacks (almost 3500 deaths and 2000 permanent invalids). In contempt of the sovereignty of Cuba and considering the island as an “internal affair”, Washington appointed a transition coordinator for Cuba in 2005. On July 10, 2006, a report from the Commission for Assistance to a Free Cuba, co-chaired by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and Secretary of Commerce Carlos Gutierrez, stated that it would so that “the succession strategy of the Castro regime fails”. Setting the amount of US aid to allies inside the island at 62.8 million euros, the document specifies that the sum will be distributed directly “to dissidents”, who will be trained and will receive equipment and material. This is a clear interference by a great power to destabilize a foreign country. As the president of the Cuban Parliament Ricardo Alarcón underlined: “As long as this political line survives, there will be Cubans who conspire with the Americans and accept their money. I know of no country where this activity is not considered criminal ». For Cuba 1998, please check

Despite such persistence on the American side and the approximately 600 assassination attempts against Fidel Castro, Cuba has never responded with violence. Since 1960, not even one violent act attributable to the Havana government has been recorded in the United States. On the contrary, the day after the attacks of 11 September 2001, Fidel Castro declared: «Their behavior towards us in no way diminishes the deep pain we feel for the victims of the terrorist attacks. We have repeatedly declared that, despite the conflicting views between us and the Washington government, no one would ever launch an attack against the United States from Cuba ”. And he added: «I would put my hand on fire, that there is not a single phrase of hatred towards the American people in my speeches.


In reaction to constant external aggression, the Cuban authorities have always demanded total unity within the country. They kept the one-party principle and severely sanctioned differences of opinion, applying in their own way the ancient motto of Ignatius of Loyola: “in a besieged fortress, all dissidence is treason”.

For this reason, the recent reports of Amnesty International criticize the behavior of the Cuban government in matters of freedom (of association, opinion, movement) and recall how in Cuba several dozen prisoners of opinion are still in prison. Whatever the cause, these arrests are not justifiable. Just as there is no justification for maintaining the death penalty, now abolished in almost all civilized countries. No democrat would accept, for any reason, imprisonment for non-violent crimes of opinion or the maintenance of the death penalty. Critical reports by Amnesty International, however, do not point to any cases of physical torture, kidnappings, murder of journalists, of political killings or demonstrations repressed by the public force (since 1959 in fact there has been no popular uprising). The same reports instead show that in many states of the area, less considered by the big media, such as Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, not to mention Colombia, women, trade unionists, opponents, journalists, priests, magistrates, mayors, civil society leaders continue to be murdered. To this are added, in these countries as in most of the poor states of the world, the constant violation of the economic, social and cultural rights of millions of people, the very high infant mortality, low life expectancy, illiteracy, unemployment, the exclusion of many from the health system, the problem of the homeless, of beggars, bidonvilles, drugs, crime and delinquency of all kinds, phenomena practically unknown in Cuba. In fact, Cuba has achieved exceptional results in terms of human development: abolition of racism, emancipation of women, reduction of illiteracy, mortality infantile, raising the general cultural level. In the fields of education, health, medical research and sports, it has achieved standards that many developed countries can envy.

Furthermore, the official cult of personality is non-existent. Even if the images of Fidel and Raúl Castro are very present in the press, on television and in the posters posted on the street, there is no official portrait of them, no statue, no coin, no street, building or monument bearing the name of Fidel. Raúl, nor of any other of the leaders of the revolution still alive.

Cuba and the United States