Croatia Travel Facts

By | April 1, 2022

Based on map by DigoPaul, Croatia is a travel destination that is often underestimated, with beautiful nature and impressive national parks. Croatia borders Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro and Italy. Once part of Yugoslavia, it has rightly become the focus of many travelers in recent years.

Capital City Zagreb
Size 56,594 km²
Resident 4,190,669
Official Language Croatian
Currency kuna
Time Zone CET+1
Telephone Area Code +385

Fast facts to know

  • Many Croatians also speak German.
  • Hospitality is very important.
  • Relatively inexpensive travel destination.
  • Known for good wines and excellent olive oil.
  • Almost 10 percent of Croatian territory is natural beauties – 11 nature parks, 8 national parks and 2 nature reserves.
  • Has very good beaches.
  • Naturism is very popular in Croatia.
  • More than 1200 islands belong to Croatia.
  • 86% of the population is Catholic.
  • Croatia has the most intangible treasures under UNESCO protection in Europe.
  • Croatia is home to celebrities like Marco Polo and Nikola Tesla.
  • “Game of Thrones” was filmed in parts in Croatia.
  • The tie was invented in Croatia.

Exciting cities in Croatia

  • Dubrovnik
  • Korcula
  • Split
  • Rovinj
  • Trogir

History of Croatia

  • First proven settlements 130,000 years ago.
  • 550–1270 Eastern Roman/Byzantine Empire.
  • 925–1102 Croatian Kingdom.
  • 1102–1526 Croatia in personal union with Hungary.
  • 1451–1699 Ottoman Empire.
  • 1527-1918 Habsburg Empire.
  • 1918–1941 Creation of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
  • 1941 Surrender of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia to the Axis powers in World War II. Croatia becomes a German vassal state.
  • 1945-1991 Croatia as part of Yugoslavia.
  • 1991 Croatian declaration of independence.
  • 1995 End of the War of Independence.

Climate & travel weather in Croatia

  • Dalmatia:
    • North-Mediterranean climate (mild, rainy winters and hot summers).
    • One of the wettest regions in Europe.
  • Pannonian Plain:
    • Temperate continental climate (very hot, dry summers and cold, snowy winters).
  • Dinaric Alps:
    • West: Mediterranean climate.
    • East: continental climate.
  • Recommended travel time:
    • Suitable as a travel destination all year round.
    • Beach holiday: May – Aug.
    • Round trips: spring & autumn.
    • Mountain tours: summer.
    • Winter sports: Dec-Feb

Ideas for trips in Croatia

  • Baredine Cave
  • Amphitheater Pula
  • Castle in Pazin
  • Sculpture Park Vrsar
  • Knin Fortress
  • Ruined city of Salona
  • Diocletian Palace Split
  • Paradise beach Lopar
  • Biserujka Cave
  • Blue Cave Bisevo
  • Zlatni Rat beach

Eating & drinking in Croatia

  • Diverse and regionally varied cuisine.
  • Turkish, Italian and Greek influences can also be felt.
  • Sheep cheese, Dalmatian ham but also typical stews are very popular.
  • White bread is often served with the food.
  • There are very good Croatian wines.
  • Dalmatian cuisine:
    • Like steamed and grilled.
    • Fish, vegetables, Mediterranean herbs.
    • Simple, uncomplicated kitchen.
  • Cuisine of Istria and Kvarner:
    • Mixture of continental and Mediterranean cuisine.
    • Fish and seafood very popular.
    • Known for excellent olive oil and tasty pasta dishes.
    • Truffles from Istria are a true delicacy.
  • Continental cuisine:
    • Much meat based.
    • Potatoes, dried or green beans, cabbage, onions and pickled peppers are often used.
    • Known for good fruit and delicious fruit liqueurs (e.g. Sljivovic).
  • Typical dishes:
    • Black risotto
    • Brodet od riba (fish stew)
    • Fritule (baked yeast pastry)
    • Cevapcici (well seasoned ground beef)
    • Koštradina (boiled lamb)
    • Pašticada (marinated beef studded with bacon cooked in red wine).
    • Pljeskavica (grilled mince steak)
    • Orahnjaca (nut roll)

Particularly scenic

  • Impressive national parks:
    • Kornati National Park
    • Krka National Park
    • Brijuni National Park
    • Paklenica National Park
  • Many beautiful islands, eg Krk, Rab, Cres, Losinj and the Kornati islands
  • Coastal road Jadranska Magistrala
  • Kvarner Bay
  • Lim channel
  • Zrmanja Gorge
  • Plitvice Lakes

Croatia Travel Facts