According to wholevehicles, Croatia has an extensive road network, consisting of approximately 1,300 kilometers of state-of-the-art motorways, called autocesta, supplemented by expressways and a main road network of various design standards. The motorways connect almost all major cities in the country, with the exception of Dubrovnik. Most motorways converge around the capital Zagreb. An express road network on the Istrian peninsula is being expanded into a motorway.
A motorway in Croatia is called an autocesta and is abbreviated with the letter “A”.
As of January 1, 2022, the network of motorways in Croatia consisted of 1,302 kilometers and the network is approaching completion. The main goals are to extend the A1 to the border with Montenegro, the A5 from Osijek to the border with Hungary, the A11 from Zagreb to Sisak and the A7 from the border with Slovenia via Rijeka to the A1 at Žuta Lokva. The motorway network is modern, well maintained with neat filling stations and service areas. Almost all highways are toll roads, with the exception of Zagreb’s southern bypass, to keep through traffic out of the city. The toll roads are not particularly expensive and are worth the money compared to the alternative routes, which certainly applies to the A1 towards Dubrovnik.
- According to Abbreviationfinder, Zagreb is the capital of Croatia.
The first motorways were built in the 1970s, but it took until the late 1990s and early 2000s before the motorway network began to take shape. For a long time the A3 towards Slavonski Brod was the only long motorway. Traffic from the Osijek region to the Dubrovnik region has a significant obstacle in the form of the country of Bosnia and Herzegovina, where there is only one short motorway linking Sarajevoand Zenica is located. It pays to drive via Zagreb, although this is quite a detour with additional fuel and toll costs. This route is much more comfortable, as Bosnia is a mountainous country with long travel times. In 2009, Osijek was the last major city in Croatia to be connected to the motorway network. The construction of the A1 from Ploče to the border with Montenegro is the most interesting for tourist traffic. This highway is part of the Adriatic-Ionian corridor, which is also under construction in Greece, but it will be a long time before this route is also built through Montenegro and Albania.
The first autocesta opened for traffic between Zagreb and Karlovac in 1972. The A3 was also constructed in the 1970s, which continued into the 1980s. The 1990s saw a low point in highway construction, but it boomed in the first decade of the 21st century, with rapid expansion of the highway network. The expansion of the motorway network has been at a much slower pace since 2015.
|Junctions in Croatia|
|Bosiljevo • Zagreb Istok • Jakuševec • Zagreb Zapad • Rovinj • Lučko • Učka • Ploče • Orehovica • Sredanci • Sveta Helena • Žuta Lokva|
An expressway in Croatia is called a Brza Cesta and is abbreviated with the letter “B”.
There is no national express road network in Croatia, but express roads are mainly feeders to the motorways around the larger cities. Only in Istria is a larger network of expressways present, which, however, have partly been widened to a motorway. The intention is to eventually convert all Brze Ceste that are built on half profile to highway profile.
A main road in Croatia is called a Državna Cesta (literally: State Road) and is abbreviated with the letter “D”.
The main roads in Croatia are losing their through importance due to the construction of highways and expressways. The development of the roads can differ, some are almost a motorway, others a normal main road. The quality of the roads varies, but in most cases they are okay.
|Državne ceste (main roads) in Croatia|
|D1-D14||D1 – D2 – D3 – D5 – D6 – D7 – D8 – D9 – D10 – D12 – D14|
|D20-D99||D20 – D22 – D23 – D24 – D25 – D26 – D27 – D28 – D29 – D30 – D31 – D32 – D33 – D34 – D35 – D36 – D37 – D38 – D39 – D40 – D41 – D42 – D43 – D44 – D45 – D46 – D47- D48 – D49 – D50 – D51 – D52 – D53 – D54 – D55 – D56 – D57 – D58 – D59 – D60 – D62 – D64 – D66 – D69 – D70 – D72 – D74 – D75 – D76 – D77 – D78 - D99|
|D100-D129||D100 – D101 – D102 – D103 – D104 – D105 – D106 – D109 – D110 – D111 – D112 – D113 – D114 – D115 – D116 – D117 – D118 – D119 – D120 – D121 – D123 – D124 – D125 – D126 – D128 – D129 -D130 – D131|
|D200-D235||D200 – D201 – D203 – D204 – D205 – D206 – D207 – D208 – D209 – D210 – D211 – D212 – D213 – D214 – D216 – D217 – D218 – D219 – D220 – D222 – D223 – D224 – D225 – D227 – D228 – D229 -D231 – D232 – D233 – D235|
|D300-D316||D300 – D301 – D302 – D303 – D305 – D306 – D307 – D310 – D312 – D313 – D314 – D316|
|D400-D434||D400 – D401 – D402 – D403 – D404 – D405 – D406 – D407 – D408 – D409 – D410 – D411 – D412 – D413 – D414 – D415 – D416 – D417 – D418 – D420 – D421 – D422 – D423 – D424 – D425 – D426 -D429 – D430 – D431 – D432 – D433 – D434|
|D500-D548||D500 – D501 – D502 – D503 – D507 – D510 – D512 – D514 – D515 – D516 – D517 – D518 – D519 – D520 – D522 – D525 – D526 – D528 – D530 – D531 – D534 – D535 – D536 – D537 – D538 – D539 -D540 – D541 – D542 – D543 – D544 – D545 – D546 – D547 – D548 – D549|
|Cancelled||D4 – D21 – D107 – D304 – D315 – D427 – D523 – D532|
A provincial road in Croatia is called a Županijska Cesta and is abbreviated with the letter Ž. These roads have a four-digit number. An Županija is a Croatian province.
A local road in Croatia is called a Lokalna Cesta and is five digits. These road numbers are rarely shown on the signage.
|European roads in Croatia|
|E59 • E61 • E65 • E70 • E71 • E73 • E80 • E661 • E662 • E751 • E761|
Signage in Croatia is well developed, green with white letters on highways, yellow with black letters on normal roads. Motorways are abbreviated with the letter “A”, which is also indicated. For normal main roads, only the number, ie without a prefix, is signposted. Bowl plates are also in yellow. The signage is generally clear, with a clear target choice without many local targets that don’t matter. The center is often indicated by the center symbol, along with the local targets in a white box with black lettering. References on the secondary road network to targets reached via a highway are in a green box with white lettering. On the secondary road network, pre-signposts are in yellow, with a white area below that shows the distance to the actual intersection. Rivers are indicated on blue signs with white letters. In parts of Istria (particularly the west), places are listed in two languages: Croatian and Italian.
For more information about using targets on Croatian signposts, see Designation Policy in Croatia.
Croatia is one of the less traffic-safe countries in the European Union. In 2015, there were 82 deaths per 1 million inhabitants, significantly above the EU average and among the least safe EU countries. The number of road deaths per 1 million inhabitants is also significantly higher than neighboring Slovenia and Hungary.