Category Archives: Middle East

The term “Middle East” was coined in the 19th century to refer to the transcontinental area between southwest Asia and North Africa. It was Eurocentric and commonly used by the Western World. Though certain groups may have different languages or religions, living in the Middle East means having a sense of culture and a type of cuisine that’s connected to those of others in the region. The Middle East is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa). Cairo – is the capital of Egypt. According to COUNTRYAAH, there are 16 countries in Middle East.

Turkey Travel Facts

Turkey borders Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Syria and the Mediterranean Sea, as well as Greece and Bulgaria. It is still a popular travel destination, although the risk of attacks and political despotism has increased in recent years. Rich in history and culture, Turkey offers an extraordinary variety of exciting destinations. Capital City Ankara Size 783,562 km²… Read More »

Yemen Population and History

HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY State of southwestern Asia, in the Arabian Peninsula. Despite the fact that over the course of fifteen years the population growth rate has decreased (from 4.7 % in the 1990-1998 period to 3.2 % in the 2000-2005 period), it still remains the highest among the countries of the Arabian Peninsula. According… Read More »

Saudi Arabia Population and Rights

Population and society According to Homosociety, there are about 30 million Saudis, 90% of whom are of Arab ethnicity, while the remaining 10% are made up of minorities of Turkish, Iranian, Indonesian, Indian and African descent. Although the population density per square kilometer is very low, the reference index marks sustained increases, thanks to a… Read More »

Palestine Geography and Politics

According to Homosociety, Palestine is a region of the Near East limited to the West by the Mediterranean Sea and to the North by the southern buttresses of Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon, while the borders on the other sides are uncertain, in which it insensibly passes through the very arid areas of the Syriac Desert, E, and… Read More »

Jordan in the Early 2000s

The reign of ̔Abd Allāh ii, who ascended to the throne on the death of his father Ḥusayn (February 1999), was characterized starting from its debut by a strong continuity with the past, which allowed Jordan to confirm its role within the Middle Eastern panorama of a moderate and substantially stable country. But the good… Read More »

Jordan Travel Facts

Jordan is located on the Arabian Peninsula and borders Iraq, Israel, the Palestinian Authority, Saudi Arabia and Syria. The kingdom is home to exciting landscapes full of rough canyons, mountains and deserts. The culturally rich country not only includes one of the 7 modern wonders of the world, but also a lot of exciting history.… Read More »

Israel Travel Facts

Israel is located in the Middle East and borders Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt. In contrast to the neighboring countries, Israel is considered a very safe travel destination. A diverse cuisine, exciting culture, varied landscapes and friendly people usually surprise first-time travelers in a very positive way. Israel is a very exciting and worthwhile travel… Read More »

History of Lebanon

According to historyaah, Lebanon has an eventful history dating back to biblical times. The newest period of the country’s history is also full of events. During World War I (1914–18), in 1916, the Sykes-Picot agreement was signed on the division of the interests of Great Britain and France in the Arab territories of the Ottoman… Read More »

History of Jordan

Until 1918, according to historyaah, the territory of modern Jordan was part of the Ottoman Empire. After the 1st World War and the collapse of the empire in 1921, the League of Nations transferred the mandate to govern Jordan to Great Britain. The British mandated territories were divided into two parts – the West Bank… Read More »

History of Israel

According to historyaah, the State of Israel was created a little over half a century ago, but the early State of Israel was known from 2000 BC. like Judea. At different times it was under the rule of Babylon and Rome. The Romans renamed Judea to Palestine. For many centuries, this land was the scene… Read More »

History of Iran

According to historyaah, the oldest state formations on the territory of Iran appeared in the beginning. 3 thousand BC In the 6th c. BC. the Achaemenid Empire arose, which fell as a result of the conquest of Alexander the Great. In the 7th century Iran was conquered by the Arabs, Zoroastrianism was replaced by Islam.… Read More »

Egypt Travel Facts

Egypt is one of the most culturally interesting countries on earth. Pharaohs, pyramids – I read a lot about them as a child and dreamed of visiting this country one day. With its capital Cairo, Egypt is one of the most populous cities and regions in the world. The country is mostly in Africa, but… Read More »

Israel History After 2001

The unilateral choice of A. Sharon The elections for the re-election of the prime minister in 2001 recorded the lowest percentage of voters ever in Israel. A. Sharon, the Likud leader after Netanyahu’s resignation in 1999, formed a broad government of national unity, which Labor also joined. After the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001… Read More »

Israel Population, Society and Rights

The demographic factor was decisive for Israel from the very beginning. The incentives introduced at the end of the nineteenth century (and in part still maintained) to stimulate the arrival in the Palestinian territories of Jews from all over the world (especially Russia and the United States) were aimed at legitimizing the existence of a… Read More »

Israel Recent Architecture

In recent years, in Israel as in other countries, there has been a series of critical reflections in architectural culture on the dominant concepts of the previous decades. However, many choices made in the past regarding new settlements and expansions of cities like Jerusalem and Tel Aviv continue to have a decisive influence on architecture… Read More »

Israel Recent History Part I

The negotiations with Egypt, which began with the visit of the Egyptian president A. al-Sādāt to Jerusalem on November 20, 1977, continued with substantial success towards the achievement of a peace agreement between the two countries, also thanks to the assiduous mediation of the United States. From May 14 to June 13, 1978 the Israelis… Read More »

Israel Recent History Part II

Despite the massive repression and vigilance put in place by the government of Israel and in particular by the Minister of Defense Israel Rabin, and the relevant costs incurred (in two years, one billion dollars), it was impossible to impose a return to order, and the Unified National Command of the intifāḍa, in agreement with… Read More »

Israel Under B. Netanyahu

This also contributed to the success of B. Netanyahu at the head of a far-right coalition that was clearly oriented to downsize the agreements with the PLO. Suffice it to recall, as regards the question of Jerusalem, the unilateral decisions to open an ancient tunnel under the mosques of ῾Umar and al-Aqṣā (23 September 1996),… Read More »

Israel Population and Finance

The status of Israel was proclaimed on May 14, 1948 at the time of the withdrawal of the English troops from Palestine. The territory of the state was provisionally defined in the armistice conventions stipulated between Israel and the countries of the Arab League: with the Egyptian govemment, in Rhodes on February 24, 1949; with… Read More »

Israel Population and Economy in 1970’s

Population. – The state of Israel today it occupies 20,255 km 2, on which 3,493,200 residents live, with an average density of 172 residents per km 2. The population, largely Jewish, is divided into two groups of almost equal numbers: Jews born in Israel and those born abroad, demonstrating the strong incidence of immigration. The… Read More »

Israel Population and Economy 1983

Population. – According to the census of June 4, 1983, the population of Israel (within the armistice lines of 1949, but including East Jerusalem and the 23,789 Israelis residing in the administered territories) was 4,013,831 residents, of which 83% Jews, 13% Muslims, 2.3% Christians and 1.6% Druze. Of the population estimated at the beginning of… Read More »

Israel Politics and Economy

Institutional organization Israel is a parliamentary republic with a single chamber (the Knesset) made up of 120 seats, elected every four years on a proportional basis. There is no preference vote in legislative elections. In Israel, the election takes place on a proportional basis of a single national block-list college – that is, the entire… Read More »

Israel Music

At the time of the creation of the new state (1948), Israel had two important music academies, in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, established in the 1930s and 1940s, as well as an Institute for the training of music teachers, founded in 1945 in Tel Aviv. In 1936 the Philharmonic Orchestra directed by A. Toscanini and… Read More »

Israel Multilingual Literature

In the context of Israel’s multilingual literary production, the current landscape in Hebrew presents numerous elements of continuity with the international one and with the period of revision of the Zionist narrative typical of the new Hebrew literature, showing particular attention to an identity, linguistic and space that more evidently refers to the initial phases… Read More »

Israel Literature Part II

Of Kianuk we should mention Ādām ben Chelev (1986, “Adam son of a dog”), the story of a Jewish actor forced to act as a personal clown for the commander of a Nazi extermination camp: in a macabre-grotesque atmosphere, through the progressive sinking of the protagonist in a resignation that soon becomes the apathetic indifference… Read More »

Israel Literature Part I

Although rooted in earlier Hebrew literature, Israeli literature has exquisitely contemporary features and themes. After the 1950s, the new waves of authors who have alternated on the literary scene increasingly reflect the problems of Israelis born in the country. Writers immersed in their natural environment become interpreters of the intimate problems of the individual with… Read More »

Israel Literature from 1948 to 21st Century

From 1948 to the 1980s The proclamation of the state (1948) conventionally marks the beginning of this literature, although its peculiar style and its imprint can be found in the writings of well-known authors, such as S. Yizhar, already in the previous decade. It is customary to divide this production into 3 cultural currents, linked… Read More »

Israel in the 20th Century Part IV

On August 15, the evacuation from Gaza began, completed eight days later. The settlers were allowed 48 hours to leave the settlements before the intervention of the security forces. The most serious clashes took place in Neve Dekalim, the largest settlement, where many nationalist religious activists had gathered. Tensions also occurred in Kfar Darom and… Read More »

Israel in the 20th Century Part III

In February 2004 Sharon’s decision to withdraw Israeli troops from Gaza and dismantle the Jewish settlements came as a surprise. The initiative was somehow the result of an important debate that developed in the country on the Jewish and democratic identity of the State of Israel. Identity threatened by the strong Arab demographic pressure in… Read More »