Category Archives: Europe

The world’s second most active volcano is in Europe. It’s Mount Etna in Italy. Vatnajökull (or Vatna Glacier) is Europe’s largest glacier with an area of more than 8,000 square kilometers. Europe has the highest GDP (income per person) of all the continents. As a continent, the economy of Europe is currently the largest on Earth. According to COUNTRYAAH, there are 45 countries in Europe.
In the coastal fringes of the Mediterranean and Black Sea, as well as on the Mediterranean islands, there are large areas of Mediterranean brown earth and terra rossa. The latter arise on hard, pure limestone in an alternately humid, subtropical climate. They are considered to be relic soils dating from the tertiary and interglacial periods. The Mediterranean brown soils that occur in association with them are limited to moist locations with often clay-rich carbonate rock or clay-free rock as a substrate.

Dark clay soils are good arable soils and occur over a large area, for example in south-eastern Europe, as guide soil. They arise in warm to moderately humid climates and have a mighty humus and clay-rich A horizon. As a result of their alternating moisture content, the clays of this horizon swell or shrink depending on the water content.

Marsh and floodplain soils arise on the mostly clay-rich deposits of rivers or seas. They have a special, periodically changing groundwater and soil water balance. In this case, the soil-forming process is so-called gleying, the interplay between reduction when saturated with water and oxidation when air enters, which is associated with a shift and precipitation of substances. Gleye can be good soils if the water balance can be regulated.

Peatland occurs as a process when conditions occur due to particularly high groundwater levels or dammed rainwater with the exclusion of air in which the organic matter is no longer decomposed and peat is formed (peatland). This phenomenon can be seen in Central Europe in the high altitudes of the mountains, in depressions and in some river plains. Extensive boggy soils are only found in the cold zone of the boreal coniferous forests in northern Scandinavia and Eastern Europe.

Under the designation permafrost and tundra soils, different soils are summarized, which have a low soil thickness and a high proportion of raw humus in common. For the complete list of nations in Europe, please visit

History of Czech Republic

According to historyaah, the first monuments testifying to the settlement of the Czech Republic by Slavic tribes date back to the 5th-6th centuries. In the 9th century on the territory of the Czech lands, the first Slavic state of the Middle Ages arose – Great Morava. The cultural turning point was the adoption of Christianity… Read More »

History of Bulgaria

According to historyaah, the earliest settlements on the territory of present-day Bulgaria date back to the Paleolithic era. The oldest known population is the Thracian tribes. By the 1st century AD Thracian lands fell under the rule of the Roman Empire, and after its collapse in the 5th century. found themselves within the Byzantine Empire.… Read More »

History of Belgium

In ancient times, the Celtic tribe Belga lived on the territory of modern Belgium, which was conquered by the Roman emperor Caesar (in 57 BC). This region became part of two Roman provinces: Germania Inferior (with its center in Cologne) and Second Belgium (in Reims). During the early Middle Ages, it became the core of… Read More »

History of Belarus

The first traces of human existence on the territory of modern Belarus date back to the period of the Middle Paleolithic, to the Mousterian era. In the era of the Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic, the main occupations of people were gathering, hunting and fishing; in the Neolithic era, agriculture and cattle breeding arose, which became… Read More »

History of Austria

During the era of the Great Migration of Peoples, the territory of Austria was invaded by various tribes, in clashes between which the foundations of the future national-territorial structure of the Austrian lands were laid. In the 6th c. German tribes (Bavarians) settle in western Austria, and Slavs (mainly Slovenes) settle in central and eastern… Read More »

Iceland Travel Facts

Based on map by DigoPaul, the island state of Iceland is located in northwestern Europe and is perhaps one of the most exciting countries on earth. Nature-loving travelers will discover many beautiful natural wonders here. Iceland is alive – you can feel that everywhere in this wonderful country. Capital City Reykjavik Size 103,125 km² Resident… Read More »

Hungary Travel Facts

Located in east-central Europe, based on map by DigoPaul, Hungary borders Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania and Serbia. The traditional country has great cuisine, beautiful landscapes and many impressive sights. Capital City Budapest Size 93.036 km² Resident 9.772.756 Official Language Hungarian Currency Forint Time Zone UTC + 1 MEZ Telephone Area Code +36 Fast… Read More »

Greece Travel Facts

Based on map by DigoPaul, Greece is one of the Mediterranean countries bordering Albania, Bulgaria, Macedonia and Turkey. Magnificent beaches, beautiful islands and lots of sun fascinate travelers as well as the exciting temples and ruins from antiquity – a great and popular travel destination. Capital City Athens Size 131,957 km² Resident 11,160,000 Official Language… Read More »

Great Britain Travel Facts

Based on map by DigoPaul, Great Britain is an island country in north-western Europe that is no longer part of the EU as of 2020. The United Kingdom includes Northern Ireland, Scotland, England and Wales. The country only borders directly on Ireland. Great Britain is rich in sights, castles, impressive nature and exciting traditions. Capital… Read More »

Germany Travel Facts

Of course, Germany should not be missing from my profile collection. Based on map by DigoPaul, my home country is in the heart of Europe, bordering Denmark , Netherlands , Belgium , Luxembourg , France, Switzerland , Austria , Poland and the Czech Republic. In the north, the North and Baltic Sea coasts lure, in… Read More »

France Travel Facts

Based on map by DigoPaul, France is the second largest country in Europe and borders on Belgium, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Switzerland and Spain, among others. The beautiful country is a popular travel destination – not least because of its diverse and varied landscapes and good cuisine. Capital City Paris Size 643.801 km² Resident 66.991.000 Official… Read More »

Finland Travel Facts

Based on map by DigoPaul, Finland is located in northern Europe, bordering Norway, Russia and Sweden. Friends of the white sport get their money’s worth in the beautiful country, as do northern light hunters and nature lovers. Capital City Helsinki Size 338.448 km² Resident 5.503.000 Official Language Finnish, Swedish Currency Euro Time Zone UTC+2/+3 Telephone… Read More »

Estonia Travel Facts

Based on map by DigoPaul, Estonia is located on the Baltic Sea and borders Russia and Latvia. The Baltic country has beautiful national parks and is a very interesting and inexpensive travel destination, especially for nature lovers. Estonia sees itself as a digital society from which many Western European countries could learn a lesson. Capital… Read More »

Denmark Travel Facts

Based on map by DigoPaul, Denmark is located in northern Europe and is also the southernmost Scandinavian country. Lying between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, Denmark borders directly on Germany and, separated by water, also on Sweden. As a travel destination, Denmark is perfect for slowing down and offers wonderful nature experiences with… Read More »

Czech Republic Travel Facts

The Czech Republic is located in Central Europe between Germany, Poland, Slovakia and Austria. The country with its graceful castles and palaces, exciting local beers and a long history is an interesting and quite inexpensive travel destination. Capital City Prague Size 78.866 km² Resident 10.637.794 Official Language Czech Currency Czech koruna Time Zone UTC +… Read More »

Cyprus Travel Facts

Based on map by DigoPaul, Cyprus is the third largest Mediterranean island and is home to the Republic of Cyprus, which is divided into two parts, consisting of Greece and the non-internationally recognized Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. Varied landscapes, exciting culture and great destinations as well as dream beaches make Cyprus an impressive travel… Read More »

Croatia Travel Facts

Based on map by DigoPaul, Croatia is a travel destination that is often underestimated, with beautiful nature and impressive national parks. Croatia borders Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro and Italy. Once part of Yugoslavia, it has rightly become the focus of many travelers in recent years. Capital City Zagreb Size 56,594 km² Resident… Read More »

Bulgaria Travel Facts

Based on map by DigoPaul, Bulgaria is located on the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula, bordering Greece, Macedonia, Romania and Turkey. The varied and beautiful country offers holidaymakers in Europe very good value for money and has both great beaches and excellent ski areas. Capital City Sofia Size 110.994 km² Resident 7.200.000 Official Language… Read More »

Bosnia and Herzegovina Travel Facts

Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in southern Europe near the sea and is one of the so-called Balkan states. The country borders Serbia, Croatia and Montenegro. Capital City Sarajevo Size 51,197 km² Resident 3,800,000 Official Language Bosnian, Serbian, Croatian Currency Marka Time Zone UTC+1/+2 Telephone Area Code +387 Fast facts to know Country name “Bosnia”… Read More »

Belgium Travel Facts

Based on map by DigoPaul, Belgium is one of the smallest countries in Europe. It borders the Atlantic Ocean to the west and the Ardennes to the south-east. Neighboring countries are the Netherlands, Luxembourg, France and Germany. The cosy, small country is, among other things, the place of origin of french fries, some world-famous comics… Read More »

Austria Travel Facts

Based on map by DigoPaul, Austria is considered an Alpine country and borders – lying in the heart of Europe – on Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Italy, Slovakia, Hungary, Switzerland and Liechtenstein. The wonderful and scenically beautiful country offers exciting excursion destinations in summer and winter. The capital Vienna is one of the most… Read More »

Andorra Travel Facts

Based on map by DigoPaul, the small co-principality of Andorra is located in the east of the Pyrenees in a high valley and has borders with France and Spain. It is known above all for its beautiful mountain landscapes and its relatively inexpensive shopping facilities. Capital City Andorra la Vella Size 468 km² Resident 77.000… Read More »

Albania Travel Facts

Based on map by DigoPaul, the Balkan state of Albania has had an eventful history and was strongly influenced by Stalinism until the early 1990s. The country borders with Montenegro, Kosovo, Macedonia and Greece. With its beautiful coastal landscape and magnificent mountains, it is still considered an insider tip in Europe. Capital City Tirane Size… Read More »

Russia Architecture

Recent history has profoundly marked the architecture of the country; Moscow, its largest metropolis, was the first to be drastically transformed. The aim of bringing the nation, in general, and its main cities to the levels reached by the major world powers, has found in architecture one of the most effective tools for cultural and… Read More »

Russia Defense and Security

One of the main security threats in Russia is linked to terrorism, in turn triggered and exacerbated by the Chechen conflict, in the North Caucasus, for which security was most recently feared at the Sochi Winter Olympics in 2014. Russia it also has an unresolved territorial dispute with Japan over the sovereignty of the southern… Read More »

List of Ministries in Italy Since 1848

In the following list, the individual ministries are mentioned in the order of precedence. (March 16-July 27 1848). – President: Balbo Cesare; interiors: Vincenzo Ricci; foreign: Pareto Lorenzo; grace and justice: Sclopis di Salerano Federico Paolo; finances: Di Revel Ottavio; war: Franzini Antonio; public education: Bon-Compagni Carlo; public works: Des Ambrois Luigi. (July 27-August 15… Read More »

Italy Modern Architecture

After the academicism and eclecticism of the nineteenth century and the brief fashion, which was limited to a limited extent, of Liberty, the first efforts for a renewal of architectural taste in Italy coincided with the controversy of futurism. Sant’Elia’s manifesto for futurist architecture affirms the need to eliminate ornamental superstructures, to reduce the importance… Read More »

Spain in the 19th Century Part IV

In 1878 the revolt that broke out on the island of Cuba was also quelled, using force and at the same time granting the settlers the right to send their deputies to the Cortes. Finally, the reactionary approach that prevailed in the early days, which had led to the abolition of many of the reforms… Read More »

Spain in the 19th Century Part III

The names of Ferdinand of Portugal, of the Duke of Genoa, of Espartero, of the Duke of Montpensier, of the Prince of Asturias, in favor of whom his mother Isabella II had abdicated, of Prince Leopold of Hohenzollern were named: but they were either discarded or refused the offer; and the candidacy of the latter… Read More »

Spain in the 19th Century Part II

But soon new reasons were added to the old reasons for dissent; and the regime was discredited by many court intrigues and, among other things, by a sensational scandal for the construction of railways, in which the queen mother Maria Cristina and her lover, later morganatic husband, the Muñoz, were involved. Then, a victorious military… Read More »