Category Archives: Europe

The world’s second most active volcano is in Europe. It’s Mount Etna in Italy. Vatnajökull (or Vatna Glacier) is Europe’s largest glacier with an area of more than 8,000 square kilometers. Europe has the highest GDP (income per person) of all the continents. As a continent, the economy of Europe is currently the largest on Earth. According to COUNTRYAAH, there are 45 countries in Europe.
In the coastal fringes of the Mediterranean and Black Sea, as well as on the Mediterranean islands, there are large areas of Mediterranean brown earth and terra rossa. The latter arise on hard, pure limestone in an alternately humid, subtropical climate. They are considered to be relic soils dating from the tertiary and interglacial periods. The Mediterranean brown soils that occur in association with them are limited to moist locations with often clay-rich carbonate rock or clay-free rock as a substrate.

Dark clay soils are good arable soils and occur over a large area, for example in south-eastern Europe, as guide soil. They arise in warm to moderately humid climates and have a mighty humus and clay-rich A horizon. As a result of their alternating moisture content, the clays of this horizon swell or shrink depending on the water content.

Marsh and floodplain soils arise on the mostly clay-rich deposits of rivers or seas. They have a special, periodically changing groundwater and soil water balance. In this case, the soil-forming process is so-called gleying, the interplay between reduction when saturated with water and oxidation when air enters, which is associated with a shift and precipitation of substances. Gleye can be good soils if the water balance can be regulated.

Peatland occurs as a process when conditions occur due to particularly high groundwater levels or dammed rainwater with the exclusion of air in which the organic matter is no longer decomposed and peat is formed (peatland). This phenomenon can be seen in Central Europe in the high altitudes of the mountains, in depressions and in some river plains. Extensive boggy soils are only found in the cold zone of the boreal coniferous forests in northern Scandinavia and Eastern Europe.

Under the designation permafrost and tundra soils, different soils are summarized, which have a low soil thickness and a high proportion of raw humus in common. For the complete list of nations in Europe, please visit

Biodiversity Conservation in Europe

Biodiversity conservation in Europe is a multifaceted endeavor, encompassing various ecosystems, species, and cultural dimensions. With a rich history of human interaction with the environment, Europe has faced numerous challenges and successes in preserving its natural heritage. Historical Context: Human Influence on Biodiversity According to Lightinghowto, Europe’s biodiversity has been shaped by centuries of human… Read More »

United Kingdom as a First World Country

The United Kingdom (UK) stands as a quintessential example of a First World country—a term historically used to describe developed, industrialized nations with advanced economies, political stability, and high standards of living. As one of the world’s leading powers, the UK boasts a rich history, diverse culture, and global influence that have shaped its trajectory… Read More »

Belgium as a Schengen Country

Belgium, a founding member of the European Union (EU), is also an integral part of the Schengen Area—a zone of passport-free travel encompassing multiple European countries. As a Schengen country, Belgium plays a crucial role in facilitating the free movement of people, goods, and services within the region. In this essay, we will explore Belgium’s… Read More »

United Kingdom as an OECD Country

As a prominent member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the United Kingdom (UK) plays a pivotal role in shaping global economic policies, fostering international cooperation, and promoting sustainable development. With its rich history, diverse economy, and commitment to innovation, the UK stands as a key player in the OECD community. In… Read More »

Denmark as a Happiest Country

Denmark, a small Scandinavian nation nestled between the North and Baltic Seas, consistently ranks among the world’s happiest countries. Renowned for its high quality of life, social welfare system, and emphasis on work-life balance, Denmark serves as a model for happiness and well-being. In this essay, we will unravel the secrets of Denmark’s happiness, exploring… Read More »

Bosnia and Herzegovina as a Balkan Country

Nestled in the heart of the Balkan Peninsula, Bosnia and Herzegovina stands as a crossroads of cultures, religions, and historical legacies. Shaped by a complex tapestry of influences from the Ottoman Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire, and former Yugoslavia, Bosnia and Herzegovina embodies the diverse and turbulent history of the Balkans. In this essay, we will explore… Read More »

United Kingdom as a G7 Country

The United Kingdom (UK) stands as a prominent member of the Group of Seven (G7), an influential forum of the world’s largest advanced economies. Renowned for its rich history, cultural diversity, and economic significance, the UK plays a pivotal role in shaping global politics, economics, and diplomacy. In this essay, we will explore the United… Read More »

Norway as a Scandinavian Country

Norway, situated in the northern reaches of Europe, stands as one of the quintessential Scandinavian countries, celebrated for its stunning fjords, rich cultural heritage, and progressive society. As a member of the Scandinavian family, alongside Sweden and Denmark, Norway embodies the values of social democracy, environmental stewardship, and quality of life that define the region.… Read More »

Finland as a Nordic Country

Finland, often referred to as the “Land of a Thousand Lakes,” is a Nordic country located in Northern Europe. Renowned for its pristine natural landscapes, innovative design, and high quality of life, Finland stands out as a jewel of the Nordic region. In this essay, we will delve into Finland’s identity as a Nordic country,… Read More »

Living in Denmark

Denmark, a small but vibrant Scandinavian country, offers a high quality of life, progressive social policies, and a strong sense of community. Known for its picturesque landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and emphasis on work-life balance, Denmark attracts expatriates and visitors from around the world. In this guide, we will explore what it’s like to live… Read More »

Ukraine as Slavic Country

Situated at the crossroads of Eastern Europe, Ukraine is a nation steeped in Slavic heritage and culture. With a rich history spanning centuries, Ukraine has emerged as a vibrant and dynamic Slavic country, characterized by its language, traditions, and shared cultural ties with other Slavic nations. In this essay, we will explore Ukraine’s identity as… Read More »

Middle Ages of Albania

The Middle Ages in Albania represent a dynamic and tumultuous period marked by significant political, cultural, and social developments. Spanning roughly from the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century to the Ottoman conquest of Albania in the 15th century, this era witnessed the emergence of powerful medieval states, the spread of Christianity… Read More »

Is Kosovo a Country?

Kosovo, situated in the heart of the Balkans, has a rich and tumultuous history that has shaped its identity as a region with a unique cultural heritage and a focal point of geopolitical tensions. From its ancient origins to its status as a disputed territory in modern times, Kosovo’s story is one of resilience, struggle,… Read More »

Ecommerce Websites in Europe

In recent years, the European ecommerce landscape has witnessed unprecedented growth, fueled by technological advancements, changing consumer behaviors, and increasing internet penetration. From established players to emerging startups, Europe boasts a diverse array of ecommerce platforms catering to various consumer needs. In this comprehensive overview, we delve into some of the continent’s most popular ecommerce… Read More »

Where is United Kingdom Located?

The United Kingdom (UK), a sovereign state comprising four constituent countries, is situated in northwestern Europe. It is an island nation, occupying the British Isles archipelago, which includes Great Britain (comprising England, Scotland, and Wales) and the northeastern part of the island of Ireland. According to thenailmythology, the UK is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean,… Read More »

Top Products Exported from China to United Kingdom

According to Topbbacolleges, the trade relationship between China and the United Kingdom spans a wide range of products, reflecting the complementary nature of their economies. China’s role as a global manufacturing powerhouse is evident in the diverse array of products exported to the UK, meeting the demand for affordable and high-quality goods. As global economic… Read More »

Top Products Exported from United Kingdom to China

According to pharmacylib, the trade relationship between the United Kingdom and China encompasses a diverse range of products and services. The export landscape reflects the strengths of the UK economy, including its expertise in manufacturing, technology, luxury goods, and services. As global economic dynamics continue to evolve, so too will the nature of the trade… Read More »

Top 10 largest countries in Asia by Population

Asia is the largest continent on Earth. This continent takes up 29.4% of the total land area. Based on the number of inhabitants, Asia is even bigger; no less than 61% of the total world population lives here. Check militarynous for list of most populous provinces in China. 10. Turkey – 76,081,000 inhabitants The Republic of Turkey occupies a… Read More »

Top 10 Largest Cities in Belgium

The Belgians – inventors of chocolate, compromises and Jacques Brel – have a rich tradition in urban planning. Almost every Belgian city can be read as a cross-section of Western history. Below we give you an overview of ten of those Belgian pearls. Flemish, Walloon, Brussels or German, we don’t take that into account here; only the size of… Read More »

10 Fattest Countries in the World

Obesity is a major problem worldwide. In the following 10 countries, most people are overweight (the percentages indicate the percentage of the population that is overweight). Check estatelearning for list of most corrupt countries in the world. 10. England – 61% Lots of food and drink, but also one of the countries with the least amount of… Read More »

Top 10 Longest Place Names in the World

Probably no one would have heard of the place “Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch” had it not been given such a long name. And what about a lake called “Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu”, you must have been there? These are the 10 places in the world with the longest names. Check ehistorylib for list of most powerful women in 2017. 10. Gasselterboerveenschemond (25) In 10th… Read More »

Top 10 Countries With The Largest Oil Reserves

There are a number of countries in the world that have proven oil reserves, the so-called proven oil reserves. That is to say that the oil reserves in these countries can almost certainly be extracted for commercial purposes in the future. This has been determined by analysis of geological and technical data. The overview is based on current… Read More »

10 Oldest Cities in the World

When you walk through the streets of an ancient city, it is fascinating to think that many centuries ago people lived and lived in the same place. The following ten cities are the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. It is not an exact science, by the way, Byblos, Damascus, and Jericho claim to be the… Read More »

Top 10 Highest Mountains in Europe

Do you like hiking or winter sports? Then your heart will beat faster when you see a mountain. Earlier we made a list of the highest mountains in the world. All ten of these can be found in the Himalayan range, in fact, the hundred highest mountains are located there in the neighboring Karakoram range! But Europe also has mountains… Read More »

Top 10 Largest Cities in Germany

Germany is officially called the ‘Bundesrepublik Deutschland’ or ‘Federal Republic of Germany’. It is a federal, parliamentary republic, consisting of sixteen states or unions. With a total of 80.6 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous area in Europe and, together with France, the main driving force of the European Union. In addition to beer and bratwurst, there are plenty… Read More »

Top 10 “Man Made” Artificial Islands

Technology does not stand still. Artificial islands are becoming the rule rather than the exception. Land reclamation at sea (or in a lake) is creating more and more new square meters. As ‘addition’ to existing islands, constructed on natural reefs or connecting several existing islands into one large domain. Much is possible. Land reclamation is not new. For example, did you… Read More »

Top 10 Largest Cities in France

France is the most populous country in Europe after Russia, Turkey and Germany . More than 60 million people live in France. About 75% of them live in an urban area. The country has many cities, including many with populations over 50,000. This top 10 lists the largest cities in France, measured by population. Check softwareleverage for list of top 10 most… Read More »

Top 10 Largest Cities in United Kingdom

Great Britain is an island located between the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea. It consists of three main areas: England (south), Scotland (north) and Wales (west). Together with Northern Ireland, which is located on the northeastern part of the western island of Ireland, they form the United Kingdom. There are approximately 64 million people living in the… Read More »

Top 10 Largest Cities in the World by Population

Cities with more than 10 million inhabitants are rare: we counted exactly 16. That is if you take the definition “City Proper” for population numbers. There is a lot of controversy about how to count the population of a city. Besides “City Proper” there is also the “Urban agglomeration” and the “metropolitan area”. For example, some calculations include suburbs,… Read More »

Top 10 Most Expensive Cities in the World to Live in

Every year, the “Economist Intelligence Unit” conducts a survey of the most expensive and cheapest cities in the world to read. According to this research, these are the most expensive cities to live in in 2018. The prices of, among other things, house prices, gas and electricity bills, transport costs, food, drinks, clothing and going out are looked… Read More »