Category Archives: Europe

The world’s second most active volcano is in Europe. It’s Mount Etna in Italy. Vatnajökull (or Vatna Glacier) is Europe’s largest glacier with an area of more than 8,000 square kilometers. Europe has the highest GDP (income per person) of all the continents. As a continent, the economy of Europe is currently the largest on Earth. According to COUNTRYAAH, there are 45 countries in Europe.
In the coastal fringes of the Mediterranean and Black Sea, as well as on the Mediterranean islands, there are large areas of Mediterranean brown earth and terra rossa. The latter arise on hard, pure limestone in an alternately humid, subtropical climate. They are considered to be relic soils dating from the tertiary and interglacial periods. The Mediterranean brown soils that occur in association with them are limited to moist locations with often clay-rich carbonate rock or clay-free rock as a substrate.

Dark clay soils are good arable soils and occur over a large area, for example in south-eastern Europe, as guide soil. They arise in warm to moderately humid climates and have a mighty humus and clay-rich A horizon. As a result of their alternating moisture content, the clays of this horizon swell or shrink depending on the water content.

Marsh and floodplain soils arise on the mostly clay-rich deposits of rivers or seas. They have a special, periodically changing groundwater and soil water balance. In this case, the soil-forming process is so-called gleying, the interplay between reduction when saturated with water and oxidation when air enters, which is associated with a shift and precipitation of substances. Gleye can be good soils if the water balance can be regulated.

Peatland occurs as a process when conditions occur due to particularly high groundwater levels or dammed rainwater with the exclusion of air in which the organic matter is no longer decomposed and peat is formed (peatland). This phenomenon can be seen in Central Europe in the high altitudes of the mountains, in depressions and in some river plains. Extensive boggy soils are only found in the cold zone of the boreal coniferous forests in northern Scandinavia and Eastern Europe.

Under the designation permafrost and tundra soils, different soils are summarized, which have a low soil thickness and a high proportion of raw humus in common. For the complete list of nations in Europe, please visit

Turkey Travel Facts

Turkey borders Georgia, Iran, Iraq, Syria and the Mediterranean Sea, as well as Greece and Bulgaria. It is still a popular travel destination, although the risk of attacks and political despotism has increased in recent years. Rich in history and culture, Turkey offers an extraordinary variety of exciting destinations. Capital City Ankara Size 783,562 km²… Read More »

Ireland Arts and Architecture

The artistic contribution of Ireland it was relevant between the 8th and 9th centuries. especially with the important development of miniature and goldsmithing, which profoundly influenced English (➔ Anglo-Saxon) and European art (activity of the foundations of s. Colombano ; in particular, in Italy, by Bobbio); architecture and sculpture also developed, albeit to a lesser… Read More »

Czech Republic Population and Economy

Czech, Central European State Republic. It borders to the West and NW with Germany, to the South with Austria, to the SE with Slovakia and to the NE with Poland. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS Its territory, corresponding to that of the two historical regions of Bohemia and Moravia, includes the plain formed by the high course of… Read More »

Vatican Necropolis

According to Homosociety, the greatest interest has focused on the results of the excavations carried out at San Pietro in the years 1953-57 under Bernini’s canopy. The focal point is constituted by the field P (fig. 1), an uncovered area of ​​about 4 × 8 m, placed exactly below the papal altar. The field was… Read More »

Slovenia Language and Literature

LANGUAGE Slovenian is a South Slavic language spoken in the Slovenia and, in the areas near the border, also in Austria, Croatia, Hungary and Italy (in Friuli-Venezia Giulia there is a Slovenian minority). According to Homosociety, it is divided into 9 dialects; the literary language is based on the dialect of lower Carniola, with influences… Read More »

Slovakia 1938

Slovakia played a notable part in the events of 1938 which led to the collapse of the first Czechoslovakian republic. The agitation of the Slovak People’s Party (of the so-called “autonomists”) coincided closely with the pressure of the Sudetic Germans, supported by the Nazis of the whole Reich. According to Homosociety, the opposition in Prague… Read More »

Moldova Population and Society

According to Homosociety, Moldova is among the smallest countries to emerge from the Soviet dissolution. Since independence, the population has decreased by about 10% due to the high rate of emigration, mainly directed towards the countries of Western Europe. Combined with the economic crisis that followed independence, emigration has resulted in an almost one-third drop… Read More »

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

According to Homosociety, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, between Belgium, Germany and France, is one of the smallest states in Europe and takes its name from the city of the same name, the current capital of the Grand Duchy, originally built as a fortified center with the name of Lucilinburhuc (attested in the 10th century)… Read More »

Kosovo Recent History

At the end of the first of the two Balkan Wars of 1912 and 1913, Kosovo was annexed to Serbia; this annexation caused a strong sense of laceration in the Albanians, who suffered the event as a division in two of their nation. According to Homosociety, in view of the serious Serbian-Albanian conflict, the killing… Read More »

Croatia Population and Economy

According to Homosociety, Croatia is a Southern European state, located in the north-western sector of the Balkan peninsula. Since the early nineties of the last century, the demographic dynamics have been characterized by a slow but constant decrease, both as a reflection of the armed conflicts that have affected the area, and because of the… Read More »

Belarus Population and Economic Conditions

According to Homosociety, about 80% of the population is of Belarusian ethnicity; the rest is made up of the large Russian group (11.4%) and other minorities, of which the most consistent are the Polish and Ukrainian ones. Unlike the other republics of Eastern Europe formed by the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Belarus has maintained… Read More »

Switzerland Travel Facts

Switzerland is a small and quite expensive travel destination in the heart of Europe, nestled between France in the west, Germany in the north, Austria in the east and Italy in the south. There are a variety of excursion destinations in the beautiful landscape, both in summer and in winter. Capital City Bern Size 41.285… Read More »

Sweden Travel Facts

Sweden borders Finland and Norway and is also the largest country in Scandinavia. Characterized by beautiful landscapes, Sweden is a perfect country to switch off, relax and find yourself. But thousands of islands, exciting cities and of course the Northern Lights also fascinate travelers again and again. Capital City Stockholm Size 447,435 km² Resident 10.120.242… Read More »

Spain Travel Facts

Spain is located in southwestern Europe, bordering France, Portugal, Andorra and Morocco. Spain also includes the Balearic Islands, the Canary Islands, and the cities of Ceuta and Melilla on the North African coast. As a very popular holiday destination, the Mediterranean state has a lot to offer – beautiful landscapes, exciting cities and of course… Read More »

Slovenia Travel Facts

Slovenia is located in Central Europe, bordering Austria, Hungary, Croatia and Italy. Magnificent landscapes, the beautiful Adriatic coast, the hospitality of the people and a surprising diversity have been captivating more and more travelers for several years – and rightly so! Capital City Ljubljana Size 20,273 km² Resident 2,064,241 Official Language Slovenian, regional: Italian, Hungarian… Read More »

Slovakia Travel Facts

Slovakia is located in Europe, bordering the Czech Republic, Poland, Austria, Hungary and Ukraine. Mountains, castles, great cities and beautiful nature make the country a popular travel destination that can still be visited quite cheaply today. Capital City Bratislava Size 49,034 km² Resident 5,457,900 Official Language Slovak Currency Euro Time Zone UTC+1/+2 Telephone Area Code… Read More »

Romania Travel Facts

The often underestimated travel destination Romania borders on Bulgaria, Moldova, Serbia, Ukraine and Hungary. Not only is it home to the Dracula legend, but it is also full of beautiful landscapes, impressive churches and abounds in wonderful hiking areas. Capital City Bucharest Size 238,391 km² Resident 20,121,600 Official Language Romanian Currency leu Time Zone UTC+2… Read More »

Portugal Travel Facts

Portugal is the westernmost country in Europe and has only one neighboring country – Spain. The island of Madeira and the Azores in the Atlantic also belong to Portugal. Magnificent landscapes, exciting, colorful cities and the wild Atlantic make the country a really great and varied travel destination. Capital City Lisbon Size 92.212 km² Resident… Read More »

Poland Travel Facts

Our neighboring country Poland borders not only on the Federal Republic but also on the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine and Russia. The often underestimated and very hospitable travel destination offers breathtaking nature with 23 national parks and the largest variety of animals in Europe. Capital City Warsaw Size 312.696 km² Resident 38.433.500 Official… Read More »

Norway Travel Facts

Norway borders Sweden to the east and Finland and Russia to the northeast. In terms of landscape, the country is perhaps one of the most exciting countries in Europe. A long, wild coast, the fjords – Norway is rich in natural highlights. The country can be traveled very well by car, train or ship. Capital… Read More »

Netherlands Travel Facts

The Netherlands is one of the four autonomous countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The European country borders Germany & Belgium and has a long North Sea coast. The landscape is rather flat and unspectacular, but thanks to exciting cities and a lot of atmosphere, it still offers some great highlights as a travel… Read More »

Luxembourg Travel Facts

Luxembourg borders Belgium, Germany and France. Together with the Netherlands and Belgium, it belongs to the BeNeLux countries. In addition to numerous magnificent castles, beautiful countryside and a charming capital, the country is also known as the seat of important European institutions such as the European Court of Justice. Capital City Luxembourg city Size 2,586… Read More »

Liechtenstein Travel Facts

Liechtenstein is the sixth smallest country in the world and is landlocked between Austria and Switzerland. In addition to the capital Vaduz and a few beautiful castles, there are also great cycling and hiking trails to discover on just around 160 square meters of land. Capital City Vaduz Size 160,5 km² Resident 38.111 Official Language… Read More »

Italy Travel Facts

Italy is located on the Mediterranean Sea and is a popular holiday destination for many Germans. The country borders directly on Switzerland, Austria, San Marino, France, Slovenia and the Vatican. The latter is a city-state within Rome. Italy offers beautiful, varied, Mediterranean landscapes, has beautiful islands and impressive cities that are worth a visit at… Read More »

Ireland Travel Facts

Ireland is commonly known as the ‘Emerald Isle’, and with good reason. The neighboring country of Great Britain is scenically beautiful. If you like nature, you will love Ireland. There are also the many small monasteries, palaces and castles, the unique atmosphere and exciting cities and places like Dublin in the west or Dingle in… Read More »

History of Great Britain

According to historyaah, the UK is a country with a rich history. In the 1st millennium BC. The territory of modern Great Britain was inhabited by the Celts. All R. 1 in. AD The British Isles experienced the invasion of the Romans, and after their departure in the 5th-6th centuries. were conquered by the Anglo-Saxons.… Read More »

History of Ukraine

Modern Ukraine as an independent state appeared on the political map of Europe in the year of 1991. According to historyaah, the formation of the state territory was a long and complex historical process. The most ancient state formation on the lands of present-day Ukraine was the Scythian state (7-3 centuries BC). The first state… Read More »

History of Turkey

According to historyaah, the territory of Asia Minor (Anatolia), on which in the 14th century. the Turkish state was formed, previously it was part (in whole or in large part) of various state formations of antiquity and the Middle Ages: the Hittite kingdom, Lydia, Media, the Achaemenid state, the power of Alexander the Great, the… Read More »

History of Switzerland

On the territory of modern Switzerland in the 2nd century. BC, according to historyaah, the Celtic tribe of the Helvetians lived (after their name the country in ancient times was called Helvetia). Then these lands were conquered by the troops of Julius Caesar (58 BC) and were included in the Roman Empire. In the 3rd-5th centuries… Read More »

History of Sweden

According to historyaah, the first man appeared on the territory of Sweden about 12 thousand years ago. However, only from the 9th c. the Scandinavians were talked about in Europe, where the Vikings began to penetrate by sea, engaging in robbery and trade. The Swedish Vikings managed to reach the Black and Caspian Seas along… Read More »