Category Archives: Africa

The African continent extends over two climatic zones: the tropics near the equator and the subtropics beyond the tropics. Due to the relatively high position of the sun all year round and the associated high energy supply, no real thermal high winters develop in Africa. Even in the high areas of the mountains, the monthly average temperatures in winter do not fall below 0 ° C. In the lowlands, temperatures are even between around 10 ° C beyond the tropics and over 25 ° C at the equator.

The temperature distribution in Africa is essentially determined by three factors – solar radiation, cloud cover and evaporationwhich in turn depends, among other things, on the amount of precipitation. Theoretically, the equatorial latitudes experience the greatest energy input, since the position of the sun is very high all year round. Due to the heavy cloud cover associated with the confluence zone of the trade winds in the area of ​​the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), however, part of this incident radiation is reflected, which reduces the warming of the earth’s surface. The high equatorial precipitation also leads to heavy evaporation. As a result of the energy required for this, a further part of the radiation energy is converted into latent and non-sensible heat. For these reasons, the highest temperatures in Africa do not occur near the equator, but in the tropics. The subtropical high pressure belt leads to the dissolution of clouds and the formation of extremely dry areas through descending air movements. This results in largely unhindered solar radiation, which in summer causes strong warming due to the zenith of the sun. The low moisture content of the soil and the largely missing vegetation, which in equatorial latitudes contributes significantly to evaporation due to its transpiration, result in low evaporation rates. As a result, most of the incident solar energy can be converted into sensible heat; the temperatures in the interior of the Sahara sometimes rise to over 50 ° C during the day. In contrast, the radiation is correspondingly high at night and in winter; this leads to a strong cooling and extreme temperature contrasts.

See Notes on Card 148.4.

The year-round, relatively uniform supply of radiation leads to the development of a typical tropical time-of-day climate near the equator. The seasonal temperature differences are significantly smaller than those between day and night. For this reason, the temperatures in tropical Africa fluctuate by no more than one temperature level between January and July. With increasing distance from the equator, the seasonal radiation and thus also temperature differences increase. This becomes particularly clear beyond the tropics. The monthly average temperatures there sometimes fluctuate by up to 20 ° C.

The highest point in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania at 5895 meters high. The lowest point is Lake Asal in Djibouti at 153 meters below sea level. There are 54 internationally recognized countries in Africa. Victoria is the largest lake in Africa. The world’s longest river — the Nile — and the world’s largest desert — the Sahara — both are home in Africa. The world’s hottest place — Ethiopia — is in Africa. Tugela Falls is the second highest waterfall in the world lies in Africa. The San people are the oldest tribe in Africa, and the direct descendants of the first Homo sapiens. According to COUNTRYAAH, there are 54 countries in Africa. For the complete list of nations in Africa, please visit

Climate and Weather of Mekele, Ethiopia

The climate of Mekele According to shopareview, Mek’ele is located in northern Ethiopia, not far from the border with Eritrea. Mek’ele is located in the Tigray region, of which it is also the administrative capital. The city is located at an altitude of more than 2,000 meters. It is an old city that was founded… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Kotu Beach, Gambia

The climate of Kotu Beach According to shopareview, Kotu Beach (also called Kuto Point) is located in the west of The Gambia, on the Atlantic coast. Kuto is a small but increasingly popular touristic place. Kuto is becoming so popular due to its location on the mangrove forest with its special and unique bird population.… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Lamu, Kenya

The climate of Lamu According to shopareview, Lamu is a city in eastern Kenya, on the Indian Ocean. The city used to be an important port for the transit of slaves, today it is a popular tourist destination. The ancient city of Lamu is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This is mainly because the old… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Maroantsetra, Madagascar

The climate of Maroantsetra According to shopareview, Maroantsetra is a small coastal town in northwestern Madagascar, in the province of Analanjirofo. The place is best reached by airspace, as there are no fully fledged roads to and from the city. The tourists who come here are mainly divers who come here to see the underwater… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Zouérat, Mauritania

The climate of Zouérat According to shopareview, Zouérat is a large city in northern Mauritania, not far from the border with neighboring Western Sahara. Zouérat is located in the province of Tiris Zemmour, of which it is also the capital. The city is a real mining town and there are several iron ore mines here.… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Grand Baie, Mauritius

The climate of Grand Baie According to shopareview, Grand Baie is located on the northeast coast of Mauritius and is known for its beautiful white, expansive beaches. This makes Grand Baie one of the biggest tourist attractions in Mauritius. In addition to the beautiful beaches, you can also make excursions from this place to the… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Taghazout, Morocco

The climate of Taghazout According to shopareview, Taghazout is one of the nicest places on the Moroccan coast. This fishing village has become a surfing hotspot and a favorite place for influencers to post social media photos. Taghazout is a colorful, hip place that is very photogenic. Especially the combination of sun, sea, beach, fishing… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Quelimane, Mozambique

The climate of Quelimane According to shopareview, Quelimane is located in eastern Mozambique and is the capital of the Zambezi province. Quelimane is located on the Indian Ocean, not far from the mouth of the Rio dos Bons Sinais. This makes the city an important trading center for Mozambique. The town is not very popular… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Gobabis, Namibia

The climate of Gobabis According to shopareview, Gobabis is located in eastern Namibia in the Omaheke region, not too far from the Botswana border and close to the Kalahari Desert . There are a number of small B&Bs in the town, as well as a supermarket and a small hospital. There is also a Dutch… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Kano, Nigeria

The climate of Kano According to shopareview, Kano is a large city in northern Nigeria, in Kano Province. The city has been an important center of Islamic culture for centuries. The old stone ramparts are still intact. In the city are some beautiful mosques and the Gidan Rumfa Palace. The city is located where the… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Barbarons Beach, Seychelles

The climate of Barbarons Beach According to shopareview, Barbarons Beach has a tropical rainforest climate. This climate classification is referred to as an Af climate within the Köppen-Geiger climate system. Characteristic of the climate of Barbarons Beach are the almost constant high temperatures throughout the year and the fairly large annual precipitation, during which there… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Bloemfontein, South Africa

The climate of Bloemfontein According to shopareview, Bloemfontein is located in Mangaung Municipality and is the capital of the Free State Province. The writer JRR Tolkien, best known for the ‘Lord of the Rings’ series, was born here. The surrounding area of ​​Bloemfontein, Mangaung, is also known as the land of the cheetahs. The city… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Kassala, Sudan

The climate of Kassala According to shopareview, Kassala is a large city in eastern Sudan, near the border with Djibouti . Kassala is located in the state of the same name, of which it is also the capital. The River Gash flows through the city. Although the suburbs of the city are poor and desolate,… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Zanderij, Suriname

The climate of Zanderij According to shopareview, Zanderij has a tropical climate. On the basis of the annual average precipitation sum and how the rain falls over the year, you arrive at a tropical rainforest climate for Zanderij. This Af climate is known for the fairly large amounts of rain, the relatively high relative humidity… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Bukoba, Tanzania

The climate of Bukoba According to shopareview, Bukoba is a town on Lake Victoria in the extreme southwest of Tanzania, not far from the border with Uganda. Bukoba is located in the province of Kagera, of which it is also the capital. Bukoba is almost on the equator: it is 1 degree off. From Bukoba… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Monastir, Tunisia

The climate of Monastir According to shopareview, Monastir is an old port city in Tunisia, on the Gulf of Hammamet. Off the coast are two islands called the Cap de Monastir. The city is named after the Latin word for monastery, because a large monastery fortress was built here in the 8th AD. Monastir has… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Mbarara, Uganda

The climate of Mbarara According to shopareview, Mbarara is a large city in southwestern Uganda, not too far from the borders with Rwanda and Tanzania. The city is located in the Mbarara region of which it is the capital. Outside the city is the hilly Lake Mburo National Park. Zebras, impalas and buffaloes can be… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Victoria Falls, Zambia

The climate of the Victoria Falls According to shopareview, Victoria Falls is located in the northwest of Zimbabwe, on the border with Zambia. These falls are fed by the Zambezi River. In total, the falls are more than 1,700 meters wide and 128 meters at the most. The falls were named after the then Queen… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Malanje, Angola

The climate of Malanje According to citypopulationreview, Malanje is a city in northwestern Angola in the province of Malanje, of which it is also the capital. Not far from the city are the Kalandula Falls; these falls are 400 meters wide and 105 meters high. The falls are one of the most spectacular tourist attractions… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Maun, Botswana

The climate of Maun According to citypopulationreview, Maun is a medium-sized city in northwestern Botswana in the North-West district. Maun is located on the Thamalakane River. The city was once established as the capital for the Batawana people. Today Maun is a popular tourist destination within Botswana. Most tourists come here for a game drive.… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Assomada, Cape Verde

The climate of Assomada According to citypopulationreview, Assomada is a large town in the central western part of the Cape Verde island of Santiago. It is a large place for Cape Verdean standards with almost twenty thousand inhabitants. Assomada is part of the municipality of Santa Catarina, of which it is the capital. Like many… Read More »

Climate and Weather of El Quseir, Egypt

The climate of El Quseir According to citypopulationreview, the seaside town of El Quseir can be found between the resorts of Marsa Alam and Safaga on the Red Sea. The town was originally a fishing village, but in recent decades tourism has been the main source of income for the town. The port of El… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Lalibela, Ethiopia

The climate of Lalibela According to citypopulationreview, Lalibela is a small town in northern Ethiopia, not far from the Eritrea, in the Amhara region. The city is best known for its rock churches. These special churches are completely carved out of the rock. They were built in the 13th century by order of King Lalibela… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Kololi, Gambia

The climate of Kololi According to citypopulationreview, Kololi is located in the west of The Gambia, on the Atlantic coast. Kololi is one of the most important tourist spots in The Gambia and in high season it is a bustling city. The many beach bars and restaurants also make it a true mecca for the… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Kisumu, Kenya

The climate of Kisumu According to citypopulationreview, Kisumu is a large city in southwestern Kenya, in the province of Nyanza on Lake Victoria. Kisumu is located on the Uganda Railway. The city has traditionally been an important trading city, trading mainly in cotton, fish and sugar. The Kisumu Museum and the Kit-Mikayi Rocks are popular… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Mananara Avarata, Madagascar

The climate of Mananara Avarata According to citypopulationreview, Mananara Avaratra is a small port city in northwestern Madagascar, in the Analanjirofo region. The city has its own airport and a small port. The city mainly lives from agriculture: cloves, vanilla and coffee are grown here. Outside the city is Mananarai Nord, a nature reserve of… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Timbuktu, Mali

The climate of Timbuktu According to citypopulationreview, Timbuktu (French: Tombouctou) is a large city in the central part of Mali, a few kilometers from the Niger River. The city was founded in the 12th century as a stopping place for trade caravans. In the past, mainly salt was traded here. In the city is the… Read More »

Climate and Weather of Tidjikja, Mauritania

The climate of Tidjikja According to citypopulationreview, Tidjikja is a small town in the central part of Mauritania. Tidjikja is located in Tagant Province, of which it is also the capital. Despite the fact that the city has its own airport, it is still difficult to reach. Once you arrive here, it can take up… Read More »