Category Archives: Africa

The highest point in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania at 5895 meters high. The lowest point is Lake Asal in Djibouti at 153 meters below sea level. There are 54 internationally recognized countries in Africa. Victoria is the largest lake in Africa. The world’s longest river — the Nile — and the world’s largest desert — the Sahara — both are home in Africa. The world’s hottest place — Ethiopia — is in Africa. Tugela Falls is the second highest waterfall in the world lies in Africa. The San people are the oldest tribe in Africa, and the direct descendants of the first Homo sapiens. According to COUNTRYAAH, there are 54 countries in Africa.

Morocco Women and Family

Women’s Rights and Civil Society Since the mid-1980’s, more and more non-governmental organizations have emerged in Morocco that work for democracy and for equality between women and men. The best known of these NGOs emerged from the women’s groups of left parties. Over the decades, these former party groups have consistently gained their own feminist… Read More »

Morocco Gender Relations

In terms of equality between girls and women, Morocco has some catching up to do in a global comparison. In the gender ranking of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Morocco regularly brings up the rear (currently 143rd out of 149). The legal discrimination against Moroccan girls and women as well as the low level… Read More »

Morocco Religions

Religious affiliation Almost the entire resident population is attributed to Islam. About 0.01 percent are Jewish (approx. 3000 people, estimate based on report by Della Pergola). Around 0.1 percent belong to Christian denominations. Most people describe themselves as practicing Muslims and as believers, although the way they practice varies widely. A small minority openly describe… Read More »

Morocco Languages

The challenge of multilingualism The languages of Morocco deserve a chapter of their own. Average Moroccan children today grow up speaking at least three languages: Arabic, French, Darija. An estimated 40% of Moroccans also grow up with one of the Berber languages as their mother tongue. In addition, there is Spanish in some regions. Morocco’s… Read More »

Morocco Development Policy

Domestic development efforts In his solemn royal speech on the 20th anniversary of the enthronement, King Mohammed VI. drew a critical balance sheet on July 29, 2019. Despite many achievements, for example in the areas of infrastructure, renewable energies, urban development and the fight against poverty, there are still people who have no access to… Read More »

Morocco Economic Policy and Foreign Trade

Economic policy and development potential Morocco is on the way from an agricultural country to a service and industrial society, with industrialization encountering many obstacles. The palace and the financial and economic elites pursue a pragmatic line characterized by so-called neoliberalism, with a mix of free market economy, moderate regulation, strengthening of the domestic economy… Read More »

Morocco Economy Overview

Agriculture, mining (phosphate ore), industry and tourism are the pillars of the Moroccan economy. The food and chemical industries are also important. The clothing industry is struggling with cheap competition from Asia. Unequal distribution of wealth, deficiencies in the education system and unemployment hamper development. Estimated GDP: US $ 118 billion (2020 estimate – GTAI)… Read More »

Morocco and Western Sahara

The Western Sahara Conflict Spain had been a colonial power in Western Sahara since the end of the 19th century. Morocco and the Sahrawis themselves opposed this, with different political goals. Since 1965, the UN has officially requested the decolonization of Western Sahara. In 1967 Spain announced a referendum on future sovereignty, but this was… Read More »

Morocco Foreign Policy Issues

Think tanks The Moroccan government is advised on foreign policy by the Institut Marocain des Relations Internationales (IMRI) and the Institut Royal des Etudes Stratégiques (IRES). The IMRI holds an annual conference on geopolitical issues. International military cooperation Rabat has been a “Major Non-NATO Ally” since 2004. The country is an important partner of NATO… Read More »

Morocco Domestic Issues

Protests Social protests against exploitation, injustice and political arbitrariness have occurred again and again in Morocco since independence. In the 1960’s and 1970’s, student protests were stifled with massive violence, thousands of mostly young people were arrested and tortured. In the 1980’s the so-called “bread revolts” broke out. In 1991 the population protested on a… Read More »

Morocco February 20th Movement

2011 – The “February 20th” Movement At the beginning of 2011, under the influence of the so-called “Arab Spring” as well as the mass protests and upheavals in Tunisia and Egypt, the protest movement ” Mouvement 20 Février ” (movement February 20) formed. At the beginning of the movement there was an alliance of different… Read More »

Morocco Human Rights and Corruption

Human rights Responsibilities and current trends On the state side, the CNDH (Conseil National des Droits de l’Homme) has been responsible for human rights issues since 2011. The human rights situation in Morocco had changed since King Mohammed VI came to power. first improved in 1999. Arbitrariness and torture have been pushed back; the cultural… Read More »

Morocco Local Authorities and Administration

State and territorial order Political and legal basis of the current territorial and administrative order of Morocco the 2011 Constitution the 2015 Law on Local Authorities (collectivités territoriales, CT) and related organic laws the older Charte Communale (Al mithaq al-dschamaa’i) the 2018 national charter on devolution various laws on the financing of local authorities The… Read More »

Morocco Political System

Form of government According to the constitution of July 1, 2011, Morocco is a constitutional, democratic and social hereditary monarchy, with direct male succession and Islam as the state religion. Contrary to the basic democratic principle of the separation of powers, the king ultimately controls the executive, the judiciary and, in some cases, the legislative… Read More »

Morocco under Mohammed VI.

Challenges After taking power in 1999, Mohammed VI stood. very soon facing great challenges. On May 16, 2003, suicide bombers killed a total of 45 people in attacks on five Jewish, Spanish and Moroccan facilities in Casablanca. The assassins came from slums around the economic metropolis. Less than ten months later, on March 11, 2004,… Read More »

Morocco under Hassan II

Experience as heir to the throne When King Hassan II, born in 1929, of Morocco was formally enthroned on March 3, 1961, he had already gained extensive political and military experience. In 1943 he had attended the negotiations between his father Mohammed V and the Allies in Casablanca-Anfa; In 1953 he and his father went… Read More »

Overview of Morocco History

Independence Day: March 2, 1956 Head of state: King Mohammed VI (since 1999) Head of government: Saadeddine Al Othmani Political system: Constitutional hereditary monarchy Democracy Status Index (BTI): Rank 104 of 137 (2020) Corruption Index (CPI): Rank 80 of 180 (2019) Ibrahim Index of African Governance: Rank 15 of 54 (2018) Special features of the… Read More »

Morocco Recent History

Modern times In 1659 the Alawids conquered Marrakech and drove out the last Saadians. In 1664 they defeat the Dila Brotherhood in northern Morocco and take control of most of what is now Morocco. From 1664 to 1672, the Sultan Moulay Raschid consolidated the rule of the Alawids. His successor Moulay Ismail tried from 1672… Read More »

Morocco Early History

According to businesscarriers, Morocco is called in Arabic “Al Maghrib” (“The Maghreb”) or “Al Mamlaka Al Maghribiya” (The Maghreb Kingdom, formerly also “the Sherif Kingdom”). The name “Morocco” is derived from the city of Marrakech. Morocco has been independent since 1956 and, according to the constitution, is a constitutional monarchy. Prehistory Traces of human life… Read More »

Morocco Transportation

Morocco (Al-Mamlaka Al-Maghribiya) is the westernmost country in North Africa. It is separated from Europe by the Strait of Gibraltar, borders the Mediterranean Sea to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west and Algeria to the east. The highest mountain is the Toubkal (4167m), the lowest point is Sebkha Tah, in the border area… Read More »

Morocco Ecological Problems

Berbers, Arabs, descendants of black slaves, Europeans: Morocco is a melting pot of civilizations. The rich, diverse human culture, landscapes and warm colors of Moroccan handicrafts fascinate millions of visitors year after year. Many international artists have been inspired by Morocco. Some travelers write rich blogs that can be used as a supplement to travel… Read More »

Morocco Geography

Morocco (Arabic المغرب al-maghrib “land of the sunset”; al-mamlaka al-maghribiya, “Kingdom of Morocco”; Berber: ⴻⵍⵎⴻⵖⵔⵉⴱ / ⴰⵎⴻⵔⵔⵓⴽ, Elmeɣrib / Amerruk) is located in the extreme northwest of Africa, between the 28th and 36th centuries. Latitude and the 1st and 13th longitude. The country extends from the Strait of Gibraltar to south of the Draa River.… Read More »

Kenya Overview

Good economic data, unclear prospects: Kenya, the safari paradise, engine of the region and potential oil-producing country, has been on the right track for years. The goal: to become an emerging market soon. But security problems, political strife and the threat of over-indebtedness dampen hopes. Subject areas Country overview & natural area Kenya combines a… Read More »

Kenya Economic and Financial Policy

Infrastructure as a top priority Traffic & Transport Implementing a coherent economic policy in Kenya has long been difficult for reasons of political structure. In his presidential democracy, economic policy is, on the one hand, the president’s ‘top priority’; on the other hand, there are a number of ministries that deal with economic decisions, but… Read More »

Kenya Industrial Sectors

Tusker, Kikoi, Kenpoly – industry for the region Magadi Soda – pipelines to the factory The industrial sector of Kenya is large in comparison to the African countries south of the Sahara, but it hardly plays a role internationally. The deposits of mineral resources are quite small. For natural soda alone, Kenya is one of… Read More »

Kenya Agriculture and Tourism

Field of life: land as the opium of the masses Drying racks of the Baragwa Coffee Cooperation in Central. Largest customer The Agriculture is Kenya’s main industry, as most Kenyans live by it. As a major country in African continent according to nexticle, the Kenya is the world’s largest exporter of black tea, a producer… Read More »

Kenya Economy

Estimated GDP: approx. 95.5 billion US $ (World Bank, 2019) Per capita income (adjusted for purchasing power): US $ 1750 (World Bank, 2019) Human Development Rank (HDI): Rank 147 of 189 in 2018 (2016: 143, 2017: 142) Distribution of income (Gini coefficient): 40.8 (HDR 2018. 2017: 48.5) Proportion of population below the poverty line $… Read More »

Kenya Infrastructure

An African lion – stable growth, high dynamism. Then came Corona With robust and continuous economic growth of 4 – 6 percent, Kenya was long considered the power center of the East African economic region, but the expectation for 2020 was reduced to 1.5 percent as a result of the corona pandemic. The World Bank… Read More »

Kenya History

In the cradle of humanity As a nation, Kenya celebrated the 50th anniversary of independence on December 12, 2013. But in most of the manuals, Kenya’s history begins with the archaeological finds of skeletons of early hominids. To this day, the country sees itself as a cradle of mankind, including in the National Museum of… Read More »

Kenya Land of Diversity

Elephants in Amboseli National Park A fisherman cleans the boat hull. South coast Flamingos in Nakuru National Park Kenya is located in the area of the Great East African Rift Valley and offers a variety of landscapes with correspondingly different vegetation. The land area can be divided into five different climate zones, from dry to… Read More »