Category Archives: Africa

The African continent extends over two climatic zones: the tropics near the equator and the subtropics beyond the tropics. Due to the relatively high position of the sun all year round and the associated high energy supply, no real thermal high winters develop in Africa. Even in the high areas of the mountains, the monthly average temperatures in winter do not fall below 0 ° C. In the lowlands, temperatures are even between around 10 ° C beyond the tropics and over 25 ° C at the equator.

The temperature distribution in Africa is essentially determined by three factors – solar radiation, cloud cover and evaporationwhich in turn depends, among other things, on the amount of precipitation. Theoretically, the equatorial latitudes experience the greatest energy input, since the position of the sun is very high all year round. Due to the heavy cloud cover associated with the confluence zone of the trade winds in the area of ​​the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), however, part of this incident radiation is reflected, which reduces the warming of the earth’s surface. The high equatorial precipitation also leads to heavy evaporation. As a result of the energy required for this, a further part of the radiation energy is converted into latent and non-sensible heat. For these reasons, the highest temperatures in Africa do not occur near the equator, but in the tropics. The subtropical high pressure belt leads to the dissolution of clouds and the formation of extremely dry areas through descending air movements. This results in largely unhindered solar radiation, which in summer causes strong warming due to the zenith of the sun. The low moisture content of the soil and the largely missing vegetation, which in equatorial latitudes contributes significantly to evaporation due to its transpiration, result in low evaporation rates. As a result, most of the incident solar energy can be converted into sensible heat; the temperatures in the interior of the Sahara sometimes rise to over 50 ° C during the day. In contrast, the radiation is correspondingly high at night and in winter; this leads to a strong cooling and extreme temperature contrasts.

See Notes on Card 148.4.

The year-round, relatively uniform supply of radiation leads to the development of a typical tropical time-of-day climate near the equator. The seasonal temperature differences are significantly smaller than those between day and night. For this reason, the temperatures in tropical Africa fluctuate by no more than one temperature level between January and July. With increasing distance from the equator, the seasonal radiation and thus also temperature differences increase. This becomes particularly clear beyond the tropics. The monthly average temperatures there sometimes fluctuate by up to 20 ° C.

The highest point in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania at 5895 meters high. The lowest point is Lake Asal in Djibouti at 153 meters below sea level. There are 54 internationally recognized countries in Africa. Victoria is the largest lake in Africa. The world’s longest river — the Nile — and the world’s largest desert — the Sahara — both are home in Africa. The world’s hottest place — Ethiopia — is in Africa. Tugela Falls is the second highest waterfall in the world lies in Africa. The San people are the oldest tribe in Africa, and the direct descendants of the first Homo sapiens. According to COUNTRYAAH, there are 54 countries in Africa. For the complete list of nations in Africa, please visit

Zimbabwe Road Network

The regional roads and primary roads in Zimbabwe. In Zimbabwe, a network of 88,100 kilometers of road has been classified, of which 17,400 kilometers are paved. According to wholevehicles, the road network of Zimbabwe is divided into two road classes with road numbers, the regional roads and the primary roads. Despite the name, regional roads… Read More »

Zambia Road Network

Zambia’s Trunk Roads. According to wholevehicles, Zambia has a total classified road network of 67,671 kilometers, with a Core Road Network (CRN) covering 40,454 kilometers in 2013. This network is divided into 3,116 kilometers Trunk Roads (T), 3,701 kilometers Main Roads (M), 13,707 kilometers District Roads (D), 5,597 kilometers Urban Roads and 14,333 kilometers Primary… Read More »

Zambia Country Overview

Zambia, officially English Republic of Zambia [r ɪ p ʌ bl ɪ k əv zæmb ɪ ə], is a landlocked country in Southern Africa with (2019) 17.9 million residents; The capital is Lusaka. Country Facts The flag of Zambia symbolizes forests (green), will for freedom (osprey) and freedom struggle (red), population (black) and copper (orange).… Read More »

Uganda Road Network

Uganda’s A-roads. Main road network According to wholevehicles, Uganda’s National Road Network (NRN) includes 21,010 kilometers of road, of which 5,370 kilometers were paved by 2021. The NRN also includes ten ferry services. The road network is divided into classes A, B, C and M (motorways). Uganda’s road network is not very extensive, but the… Read More »

Tanzania Road Network

The trunk roads of Tanzania. The country has a network of 36,258 kilometers of road in 2018, divided into trunk roads (12,222 km) and regional roads (23,512 km). About two thirds of the trunk roads are paved, 8,211 of the 12,222 kilometers. Less than 10% of the regional roads is paved, namely 1,508 of the… Read More »

Ruined City of Greater Zimbabwe (World Heritage)

The ruined city of Greater Zimbabwe is the largest pre-colonial stone structure south of the Sahara. The settlement was discovered in 1871 by the German Africa explorer Karl Mauch. The monumental city complex, which is surrounded by a 10 m high wall, was built between the 11th and 15th centuries and was probably the center… Read More »

Western Sahara History

The original inhabitants of the Western Sahara were Berber tribes who practiced cattle breeding. Arab wars of conquest reached the region in the 6th century. In the 8th–11th centuries it belonged to the Kingdom of Ghana and in the 11th–12th centuries to the Almoravid Empire. From the 11th century, the region Arabized and embraced Islam.… Read More »

Kenya Travel Information

Communication and Wi-Fi The key mobile operators in Kenya are Safaricom, Telkom, Yu and Airtel. The quality of communication in large cities does not cause any complaints, in remote provinces there may be interruptions. A SIM card can be purchased immediately upon arrival at the airport or at providers’ offices on the central city streets,… Read More »

Sahl Hasheesh, Egypt

Tourists, beware. If the name Sahl Hasheesh (“Green Valley”) doesn’t tell you anything, then you know absolutely nothing about the construction of a new world-class resort on the Red Sea. Many, many years ago, this area was called Isis – in honor of the patron goddess of witchcraft and magic. Isis was a major trading… Read More »

National Parks in Zimbabwe (World Heritage)

According to clothesbliss, the World Heritage Mana Pools with the two protected areas Sapi and Chewore is located in the border region of Zimbabwe, Zambia and Mozambique and covers about 7000 km². The large landscape is located in the floodplain of the Zambezi. The mana pools consist of four pools on the banks of the… Read More »

Visa to Kenya

According to clothesbliss, Russian citizens will need a visa to enter Kenya, which can be obtained both online and at the Embassy of Kenya in Moscow. In both cases, obtaining a visa does not cause difficulties: you need to provide a basic set of documents (passport, air tickets, financial guarantees, etc.) and pay a visa… Read More »

Sinai Peninsula, Egypt

The Sinai Peninsula is an absolutely unique and amazing place in every way. You can start at least with a geographical location: Sinai is the border between Asia and Africa, the peninsula itself is considered part of the Asian continent. Its nature is also unique – the mountainous and desert regions of Sinai are almost… Read More »

Sudan Road Network

Sudan’s primary paved roads (as of: 2020). According to wholevehicles, Sudan has a network of approximately 30,000 kilometers of road. The exact length of the tarmac road network is unclear, it was listed in 2017 as being about 6,000 kilometers. However, the network of paved roads has grown quite rapidly since 2010. In 2011, 47%… Read More »

South Africa Road Network

According to wholevehicles, South Africa has a highly developed road network that is among the best in Africa. The official road network has been determined to be 535,000 kilometers long, of which 168,000 kilometers are urban roads and 366,872 kilometers are other roads. South Africa has 2,160 kilometers of motorway, 940 kilometers of four-lane roads… Read More »

Rwanda Road Network

The National Roads of Rwanda. Much of these roads are secondary in character and more than half are unpaved. In 2015, a network of 6,655 kilometers of numbered roads was established, consisting of 2,749 kilometers of national roads (44% paved) and 3,906 kilometers of district roads (1% paved). In 2019, the network of national roads… Read More »

Egypt Road Network

Main road network Egypt’s road network is relatively extensive in its densely populated areas, but large areas of the country are not served by roads, especially outside the Nile Valley and the coasts. There is about 31,000 kilometers of tarmac road. Two traditional north-south routes run along the Nile on both sides, but do not… Read More »

El Quseir, Egypt

This resort is unknown to the average tourist, but if the walls of your house are hung with testimonies of a real diver and photographs of the bewitching underwater world, planning your travel route in Egypt, in the very first lines you will definitely mark El Quseir, the holy of holies for diving enthusiasts. The… Read More »

Nakuru, Kenya

The Kenyan city of Nakuru was once a small railway station built by the British colonizers in 1904. Now Nakuru is the capital of the Rift Valley province and one of the most popular tourist centers in Kenya. Why such an unhealthy interest in an ordinary Kenyan city, you ask? The fact is that near… Read More »

Western Sahara: Geography, Demographics, Politics, Economy and History

Western Sahara ( Arabic : الصحرة الغربية, tr. aṣ-Ṣaḥrā’ al-Gharbīyah ); officially: Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR)) is a land area in northwest Africa. Western Sahara is a former Spanish colony, which both Morocco and the freedom movement Polisario claim the right to control. Geography Western Sahara lies between Morocco to the north, Algeria to… Read More »

Lusaka, Zambia

The capital of Zambia is a small town consisting of a modern part and old, typical African quarters, where dusty markets coexist with Soviet-style skyscrapers. Despite the fact that Zambia is a fascinating country, Lusaka will never be the main point of attraction for tourists. There are several buildings with history, nice monuments and museums,… Read More »

Chad Road Network

Asphalted roads in Chad (as of 2017). Statistics According to wholevehicles, Chad has a very underdeveloped road network. There is no officially established classification of the national road network. An inventory was made in 1999 for the national road strategy for the period 2000-2009, which included a network of 2,575 kilometers of permanent national roads… Read More »

Cameroon Road Network

According to wholevehicles, Cameroon has a relatively limited network of major roads. The total road network is estimated at 121,500 kilometres, a large part of this, however, concerns dirt roads, paths, tracks in the sand or residential streets. Routes nationales are the main road network of Cameroon. The network of routes nationales was 9,370 kilometers… Read More »

Burundi Road Network

The national routes of Burundi. According to wholevehicles, Burundi’s road network consists of approximately 11,000 kilometers of road, of which 4,456 kilometers are classified and 6,150 kilometers are unclassified. The national routes cover 1,952 kilometers. The provincial routes cover 2,504 kilometers. In 2017, 1,524 of the 1,952 kilometers of the national routes were paved (78%).… Read More »

Burkina Faso Road Network

In 2017, Burkina Faso had a network of 15,304 kilometers of road, divided into 6,728 kilometers of route nationale, 3,550 kilometers of route régionale and 5,026 kilometers of route départementale. In 2017, 24% of the classified road network in Burkina Faso was paved, which amounted to 3,673 kilometers at the time. Between 2016 and 2019,… Read More »

Botswana Road Network

The A-roads of Botswana. According to wholevehicles, Botswana had a network of 31,762 kilometers of road in 2018, of which 18,507 kilometers was managed by the national government and 13,254 kilometers by local governments. Of the total network, 30.8% is paved. Of the national road network of 18,507 kilometers, 6,955 kilometers are paved, 7,530 kilometers… Read More »

Angola Road Network

According to wholevehicles, Angola’s main numbered roads. A considerable part of these roads is unpaved or does not yet exist in real life. In 2011, Angola had a network of 62,560 kilometers of road, of which 36,399 kilometers are formally classified. In 2011, only 17% of this (approximately 6,200 kilometres) was asphalted. In 2017, the… Read More »

Algeria Road Network

According to wholevehicles, Algeria has a fairly dense road network in the north of the country. There are hardly any roads in the center and south of the country, and almost no paved roads at all. Algeria has one of the largest highway networks in Africa. Motorways Motorways in Algeria A1 – Autoroute Est-Ouest •… Read More »

Nigeria Road Network

According to wholevehicles, Nigeria has a network of 195,000 kilometers of road, of which in 2017 60,000 kilometers were paved and 135,000 kilometers unpaved. The main road network is divided into 32,000 kilometers of federal road and 31,000 kilometers of state road. The country has an extensive network of paved roads, significantly more than the… Read More »

Namibia Road Network

The B4 between Keetmanshoop and Lüderitz. According to wholevehicles, Namibia had a classified road network of 47,555 kilometers in 2018, of which 7,893 kilometers are paved. The paved road network is quite basic, but adequate given Namibia’s very low population density. All places of any significance are connected by paved roads. The Namibian road network… Read More »