Category Archives: Africa

The African continent extends over two climatic zones: the tropics near the equator and the subtropics beyond the tropics. Due to the relatively high position of the sun all year round and the associated high energy supply, no real thermal high winters develop in Africa. Even in the high areas of the mountains, the monthly average temperatures in winter do not fall below 0 ° C. In the lowlands, temperatures are even between around 10 ° C beyond the tropics and over 25 ° C at the equator.

The temperature distribution in Africa is essentially determined by three factors – solar radiation, cloud cover and evaporationwhich in turn depends, among other things, on the amount of precipitation. Theoretically, the equatorial latitudes experience the greatest energy input, since the position of the sun is very high all year round. Due to the heavy cloud cover associated with the confluence zone of the trade winds in the area of ​​the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), however, part of this incident radiation is reflected, which reduces the warming of the earth’s surface. The high equatorial precipitation also leads to heavy evaporation. As a result of the energy required for this, a further part of the radiation energy is converted into latent and non-sensible heat. For these reasons, the highest temperatures in Africa do not occur near the equator, but in the tropics. The subtropical high pressure belt leads to the dissolution of clouds and the formation of extremely dry areas through descending air movements. This results in largely unhindered solar radiation, which in summer causes strong warming due to the zenith of the sun. The low moisture content of the soil and the largely missing vegetation, which in equatorial latitudes contributes significantly to evaporation due to its transpiration, result in low evaporation rates. As a result, most of the incident solar energy can be converted into sensible heat; the temperatures in the interior of the Sahara sometimes rise to over 50 ° C during the day. In contrast, the radiation is correspondingly high at night and in winter; this leads to a strong cooling and extreme temperature contrasts.

See Notes on Card 148.4.

The year-round, relatively uniform supply of radiation leads to the development of a typical tropical time-of-day climate near the equator. The seasonal temperature differences are significantly smaller than those between day and night. For this reason, the temperatures in tropical Africa fluctuate by no more than one temperature level between January and July. With increasing distance from the equator, the seasonal radiation and thus also temperature differences increase. This becomes particularly clear beyond the tropics. The monthly average temperatures there sometimes fluctuate by up to 20 ° C.

The highest point in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania at 5895 meters high. The lowest point is Lake Asal in Djibouti at 153 meters below sea level. There are 54 internationally recognized countries in Africa. Victoria is the largest lake in Africa. The world’s longest river — the Nile — and the world’s largest desert — the Sahara — both are home in Africa. The world’s hottest place — Ethiopia — is in Africa. Tugela Falls is the second highest waterfall in the world lies in Africa. The San people are the oldest tribe in Africa, and the direct descendants of the first Homo sapiens. According to COUNTRYAAH, there are 54 countries in Africa. For the complete list of nations in Africa, please visit

Zambia Travel Facts

Zambia is located in southern Africa and borders the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Tanzania, Malawi, Botswana and Namibia. The country offers spectacular landscapes and breathtaking waterfalls as well as magnificent national parks where amazing wildlife viewing can be experienced. Capital City Lusaka Size 752,614 km² Resident 17,351,822 Official Language English Currency kwacha… Read More »

Tunisia Travel Facts

Tunisia is located in northern Africa and borders Algeria and Libya. Highlights such as the city of Tunis or the ruins of Carthage fascinate hundreds of thousands of visitors every year. Tunisia also has a very varied and exciting landscape. Capital City Tunis Size 163,610 km² Resident 11,551,400 Official Language Arabic Currency Tunisian dinar Time… Read More »

Zimbabwe Demography and Economic Geography

Internal state of southern Africa. According to Homosociety, the population of the Zimbabwe (54% under the age of 19 and growth of 0.6% per year in the period 2005-10 and of 2.8% in the period 2010-15), has gone from 11,631,657 residents at the 2002 census to 13,061,239 residents to that of 2012, and then to… Read More »

Tanzania Human and Economic Geography

With a population of 26,700,000 residents (1993), divided into 120 different tribes but today speaking the same national language, Kiswahili, scattered over a vast territory and concentrated above all on the periphery (as the most fertile soils and the best climates are those of the coastal areas, of the volcanic hills in the Kilimanjaro region… Read More »

Ghana Cinematography

Formerly a Portuguese colony with the name of Costa do Ouro, then (1900) British protectorate with the name of Gold Coast, Ghana was the first colonial possession in sub-Saharan Africa to obtain independence in 1957, the year in which it took over his current name. Film production began in 1945, when the British Colonial Office… Read More »

Uganda Population and History

HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOMETRY Internal state of East Africa. According to Homosociety, the rate of population growth (24,442,084 residents at the 2002 census), due to the high fertility rate, is among the highest in the world (3.5 % in the period 2000 – 2005) and contributes to aggravating the situation criticism of a large part… Read More »

Senegal in the Early 2000s

According to Homosociety, the victory of A. Wade, leader of the Parti Démocratique Sénégalais (PDS), in the presidential elections of February-March 2000, represented a strong element of discontinuity in the political history of the country, ending forty years after independence and over twenty from the introduction of multi-partyism, to the predominance of the Parti Socialiste… Read More »

Rwanda 1994

More than six years after the massacre that cost the lives, in 1994, of hundreds of thousands of moderate Tutsis and Hutus, in Rwanda the situation still seemed highly precarious and at times dangerously incandescent. In fact, no significant steps had been taken in the country towards national reconciliation. Between 1997 and 1998, the creeping… Read More »

Mozambique since Independence

According to Homosociety, Mozambique became independent in 1975 – after a bloody war of liberation led by the Marxist-Leninist-inspired political movement FRELIMO (Frente de Libertação de Moçambique), which, thanks to a broad popular consensus, won power and established a one-party regime – the Mozambique was troubled by a long and bloody civil war, which began… Read More »

Mali Between 1977-1990

The death in prison of Mali Keita, in 1977, was the cause of demonstrations against the military regime of Mali Traoré, which was followed by fractures within the junta and the armed forces, with arrests and convictions. These disagreements provoked coup attempts and a situation of instability that lasted until 1980. In May 1978 several… Read More »

Liberia Morphology and Climate

Morphology. – We can divide the soil of Liberia into three roughly parallel zones: the low coast, now well known and acquired by civilization; the intermediate shelf, fairly well known in general terms, and the internal plateau, for the most part little or known point. The coast of Liberia, designated in the early days of… Read More »

Lebanon Population and History

Demography and economic geography. – West Asian state. According to Homosociety, the last census dates back to 1970, then never repeated due to the political balance within the country, which governs the relative demographic strength of each of the communities that make up the national pact. All available data on Lebanese demographic dynamics are estimates,… Read More »

Ivory Coast Economy and History

Economic conditions According to Homosociety, the economy of the Ivory Coast d’A. went through a critical period in the early 1990s, but after the devaluation of the CFA franc by 50 % (January 1994) it improved the competitiveness of exports and entered a phase of rather strong growth (in 1997 the GDP increased by 6,… Read More »

Cameroon in the 1990s

In the 1990s, a controversial process of liberalization of the political system was initiated in Cameroon, which however did not undermine the absolute dominance of the President of the Republic P. Biya, in office since 1982, nor of the Rassemblement démocratique du peuple camerounais (RDPC). The continuous recourse to the state of siege and the… Read More »

Cambodia 2004

HUMAN AND ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY State of Southeast Asia, on the Indochinese peninsula. According to Homosociety, the population, which at the 1998 census was 11,437,656 residents (14,071,000 residents According to an estimate of 2005), is concentrated above all in the plains and valleys, and has a very low density. The demographic dynamics recorded a constant growth… Read More »

South Africa Travel Facts

South Africa is the most developed country in Africa and belongs to the BRICS countries. It borders the Indian and Atlantic Oceans. The neighboring states are Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Swaziland and a walled enclave, the Kingdom of Lesotho. The country is particularly popular because of its unique landscapes and biodiversity. Many wild animals can… Read More »

Seychelles Travel Facts

The African archipelago of the Seychelles lies northeast of Madagascar. Mahe, Praslin and La Digue are the largest islands in the country. Dreamy beaches and paradisiacal nature cast a spell over travelers from all over the world. Capital City Victoria Size 455 km² Resident 93.186 Official Language Seychelles Creole, English, French Currency Seychelles rupee Time… Read More »

Namibia Travel Facts

Namibia is located in southwest Africa, bordering Angola , Botswana and South Africa . Characterized by the Namib desert along the Atlantic coast and a diverse range of wildlife, the country is an attractive travel destination for Africa fans. Numerous national parks and exciting landscapes quickly captivate visitors. Capital City Windhoek Size 824,116 km² Resident… Read More »

Mozambique Travel Facts

Mozambique in southeast Africa is one of the poorest countries in the world. The country borders with Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Swaziland. Despite beautiful nature and some really beautiful nature parks and reserves, Mozambique is one of the more challenging travel destinations due to its poor tourist infrastructure. Capital City Maputo Size… Read More »

Morocco Travel Facts

Morocco is located in northern Africa and borders Algeria. The border with the territory of the Western Sahara is disputed. The area has been claimed by Morocco since its release from Spanish colonial rule. In the north, only the Strait of Gibraltar separates the country from the European continent and thus Spain. Morocco is a… Read More »

Mauritius Travel Facts

Mauritius is an island country in the east of the African continent – about 870 kilometers east of Madagascar. The national territory also includes Rodrigues, the Cargados-Carajos Islands and the Agalega Islands. Mauritius offers fantastically beautiful nature, varied landscapes, wonderful beaches and is therefore an inspiring travel destination. Capital City Port-Louis Size 2,040 km² Resident… Read More »

Kenya Travel Facts

Kenya is located in East Africa and borders Ethiopia, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. Beautiful beaches and a rich wildlife are among the highlights of the country. However, as a traveler you should be well informed about the security in the country. Capital City Nairobi Size 580.367 km² Resident 47.615.739 Official Language Swahili and… Read More »

Economy of Mozambique

After the country gained independence, the economy fell into complete decline and to the middle. According to historyaah, 1990s was in a state of stagnation. Now the process of economic recovery is underway, but it has not yet reached the level of 1974, although the growth rate is very high (in 1993-2001, an average of… Read More »

History of Morocco

According to historyaah, the territory of modern Morocco has been inhabited since ancient times. The primitive inhabitants of the country are the tribes of the Libyans, the ancient Berbers. In the 12th century BC. the Phoenicians tried to conquer the country, later – the Carthaginians, from the 2nd century. BC. Romans, 5th c. AD –… Read More »

History of Ethiopia

In the 1st-4th centuries in the Ethiopian province of Tigray and on the territory of today’s Eritrea, an autochthonous civilization and statehood, the early feudal kingdom of Aksum, was born and developed. According to historyaah, it became the historical and geographical source of the Ethiopian state. From the 4th c. Christianity spreads in Aksum. 8th-10th… Read More »

History of Angola

From the 13th century states arose on the territory of Angola, some of them lasted more than a century. Portuguese navigators landed on the coast of Angola in the 1480s. She became a source of slaves for Europeans, who were sent to Brazil and other countries of the New World. Having seized the coast, the… Read More »

Ethiopia Travel Facts

Ethiopia is one of the two highest countries in Africa. It is around three times the size of Germany and is known to many above all for the great poverty and famine that prevails there. The country offers so much more. Beautiful, varied landscapes, unique nature and the myth of being the cradle of mankind… Read More »

Equatorial Guinea Travel Facts

Bordering Cameroon and Gabon, the small country of Equatorial Guinea lies on the west coast of Africa. Although it is rich in petroleum, the poverty rate is very high. It is the only country in Africa where Spanish is the primary language spoken. The country’s capital, Malabo, is located on the island of Bioko, which… Read More »

Egypt Travel Facts

Egypt is one of the most culturally interesting countries on earth. Pharaohs, pyramids – I read a lot about them as a child and dreamed of visiting this country one day. With its capital Cairo, Egypt is one of the most populous cities and regions in the world. The country is mostly in Africa, but… Read More »