Category Archives: Africa

The African continent extends over two climatic zones: the tropics near the equator and the subtropics beyond the tropics. Due to the relatively high position of the sun all year round and the associated high energy supply, no real thermal high winters develop in Africa. Even in the high areas of the mountains, the monthly average temperatures in winter do not fall below 0 ° C. In the lowlands, temperatures are even between around 10 ° C beyond the tropics and over 25 ° C at the equator.

CAUSES OF TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION
The temperature distribution in Africa is essentially determined by three factors – solar radiation, cloud cover and evaporationwhich in turn depends, among other things, on the amount of precipitation. Theoretically, the equatorial latitudes experience the greatest energy input, since the position of the sun is very high all year round. Due to the heavy cloud cover associated with the confluence zone of the trade winds in the area of ​​the intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ), however, part of this incident radiation is reflected, which reduces the warming of the earth’s surface. The high equatorial precipitation also leads to heavy evaporation. As a result of the energy required for this, a further part of the radiation energy is converted into latent and non-sensible heat. For these reasons, the highest temperatures in Africa do not occur near the equator, but in the tropics. The subtropical high pressure belt leads to the dissolution of clouds and the formation of extremely dry areas through descending air movements. This results in largely unhindered solar radiation, which in summer causes strong warming due to the zenith of the sun. The low moisture content of the soil and the largely missing vegetation, which in equatorial latitudes contributes significantly to evaporation due to its transpiration, result in low evaporation rates. As a result, most of the incident solar energy can be converted into sensible heat; the temperatures in the interior of the Sahara sometimes rise to over 50 ° C during the day. In contrast, the radiation is correspondingly high at night and in winter; this leads to a strong cooling and extreme temperature contrasts.

PREVAILING WINDS
See Notes on Card 148.4.

DAILY AND YEARLY FLUCTUATIONS
The year-round, relatively uniform supply of radiation leads to the development of a typical tropical time-of-day climate near the equator. The seasonal temperature differences are significantly smaller than those between day and night. For this reason, the temperatures in tropical Africa fluctuate by no more than one temperature level between January and July. With increasing distance from the equator, the seasonal radiation and thus also temperature differences increase. This becomes particularly clear beyond the tropics. The monthly average temperatures there sometimes fluctuate by up to 20 ° C.

The highest point in Africa is Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania at 5895 meters high. The lowest point is Lake Asal in Djibouti at 153 meters below sea level. There are 54 internationally recognized countries in Africa. Victoria is the largest lake in Africa. The world’s longest river — the Nile — and the world’s largest desert — the Sahara — both are home in Africa. The world’s hottest place — Ethiopia — is in Africa. Tugela Falls is the second highest waterfall in the world lies in Africa. The San people are the oldest tribe in Africa, and the direct descendants of the first Homo sapiens. According to COUNTRYAAH, there are 54 countries in Africa. For the complete list of nations in Africa, please visit businesscarriers.com.

Biodiversity Conservation in Africa

Africa, renowned for its vast and diverse ecosystems, harbors a wealth of flora and fauna found nowhere else on Earth. From the lush rainforests of the Congo Basin to the expansive savannas of the Serengeti, the continent’s biodiversity is both remarkable and fragile. However, Africa faces numerous challenges in conserving its biodiversity, ranging from habitat… Read More »

Egypt as an Arab Country

Egypt, situated at the crossroads of Africa and the Middle East, stands as a prominent Arab country with a rich history, cultural heritage, and geopolitical significance. As one of the oldest civilizations in the world, Egypt has played a central role in shaping Arab identity, language, and culture. In this essay, we will explore Egypt’s… Read More »

Where is Algeria Located?

Algeria, a country in North Africa, is situated at the crossroads of the Mediterranean Basin and the African continent. With a rich history, diverse landscapes, and a strategic geographic location, Algeria has played a significant role in regional and international affairs. 1. Geography: Location: According to thedresswizard, Algeria is located in North Africa, bordered by… Read More »

Cabo Verde

Cabo Verde, often referred to as Cape Verde, is an archipelago of ten volcanic islands situated in the central Atlantic Ocean, off the northwest coast of Africa according to paulfootwear. Known for its diverse landscapes, vibrant culture, and historical significance, Cabo Verde has evolved into a unique nation with a rich blend of African, European,… Read More »

Top Products Exported from China to Nigeria

According to eningbo, China and Nigeria share a significant trade relationship, with China being a major exporter of various products to Nigeria. This trade partnership has strengthened over the years, encompassing a diverse range of industries and goods. In this discussion, we will explore the top products exported from China to Nigeria, shedding light on… Read More »

Top Products Exported from Nigeria to China

According to Polyhobbies, the trade relationship between Nigeria and China is multifaceted, covering a wide range of products across different industries. The exports from Nigeria to China include crucial commodities such as crude oil, LNG, solid minerals, and agricultural products. Additionally, processed food, rubber, wood, seafood, and various other goods contribute to the economic ties… Read More »

Top Products Exported from South Africa to China

South Africa has a diverse and robust economy, and its trade relationship with China has been steadily growing over the years. According to payhelpcenter, the export landscape between these two countries is multifaceted, encompassing various industries and products. In this discussion, we will delve into the top products exported from South Africa to China, exploring… Read More »

10 Fattest Countries in the World

Obesity is a major problem worldwide. In the following 10 countries, most people are overweight (the percentages indicate the percentage of the population that is overweight). Check estatelearning for list of most corrupt countries in the world. 10. England – 61% Lots of food and drink, but also one of the countries with the least amount of… Read More »

Top 10 Countries With The Least Tourists

Do you hate meeting other tourists on holiday? Then book a trip to one of the following ten countries, pretty sure you will only meet ‘locals’ there! This list previously appeared on the website of Gunnar Garfors, a die-hard traveler who has set himself the goal of visiting every country in the world. He only needs one more! His blog is a… Read More »

10 Oldest Cities in the World

When you walk through the streets of an ancient city, it is fascinating to think that many centuries ago people lived and lived in the same place. The following ten cities are the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. It is not an exact science, by the way, Byblos, Damascus, and Jericho claim to be the… Read More »

Top 10 Largest Countries by Population

According to the most recent counts, there are 7,862,287,345 people living on Earth. A baby is born every eight seconds, a death is reported every 12 seconds. All in all, the population is growing at a rapid pace! Below you will find the top 10 countries with the most inhabitants. Check animalerts for list of top 10 richest countries in the… Read More »

Top 10 Largest Countries in Africa

After Asia, Africa is the world’s largest and most populous continent. With an area of ​​30.2 million square kilometers, it covers 6% of the total surface of the earth and 20.4% of all land area. Its 1.2 billion inhabitants make up 15% of the world’s human population. But in which countries do most Africans live, according to the… Read More »

Top 10 Largest Countries in the World by Area

In total there are 203 countries in the world, all with different shapes and populations. But which 10 countries have the most surface area? Perhaps the figures below take on even more meaning when you consider that the surface of the earth is approximately 510,000,000 km2. The mainland takes up a share of 29%, which is about 150,000,000… Read More »

Top 10 Largest Deserts

Most people will think of a desert as a large dry sand plain, such as the Sahara. However, desert is defined as an area with less than 200 mm of precipitation per year, which means that there is relatively little fauna. The Sand Desert is only one of the five types of deserts, furthermore there are: rock… Read More »

Top 5 Densely Populated Countries with More Than 10 Million Inhabitants

The above top 10 of densely populated countries is full of very small countries with relatively few inhabitants. But what about the larger countries, with more than 10 million inhabitants? Check computerannals for list of most populated countries in the world. There are also countries in these countries in which people live very close to each other,… Read More »

Top 10 Largest Cities in Morocco

There are probably a number of large cities in Morocco that you know, but do you also know what the ten largest cities in this country are? They all have their unique qualities and many of these cities are also the ideal destination for a nice holiday. You can read all about it in these top 10… Read More »

Top 10 Largest Islands in the World

The following 10 islands are the largest in the world by area. On the map, Ellesmere may look a lot bigger than some of the other islands, but that’s obviously due to the distortion of the map (countries appear larger near the poles). Australia is not listed because it is a continent, and the definition of an… Read More »

Top 10 Largest Cities in Africa

The population of African cities is rising rapidly. Some African cities are among the fastest growing in the world. This entails a lot of problems: housing is often poor, environmental pollution is enormous, and slums are expanding. Yet the rapid growth of African cities also offers technological and social opportunities. We list the ten largest cities in Africa for… Read More »

Top 10 Highest Countries in the World

Extensive mountain ranges, many height differences and mountain peaks that rise above the clouds: who doesn’t love it? Some countries simply have more of this kind of natural beauty to offer than others. This often means that the average altitude of a country is also much higher. Do you want to know which countries have the highest elevation… Read More »

Top 10 Lowest Countries in the World

Every country has its own landscape: from high mountains to vast beaches. In addition, some countries have a higher elevation than others. Do you want to know which countries have the lowest average location in the world? Then read on, because you will discover it in these top 10 lowest countries in the world. Check businesscarriers for list of… Read More »

Top 10 Countries with a Surprising Capital

Do you think you are good at topography and can name the capitals of most countries? Think about that again, because this question is not as easy as it seems. Some countries have a surprising capital, usually because another city in the country is a lot more famous. Are you curious which countries and cities these are? Then read… Read More »

10 Countries With No Army

Almost all countries in the world have armed forces. The main tasks of the armed forces are to defend the country and provide assistance in emergency situations. The armies are also often deployed in foreign missions for various reasons. Check ethnicityology for list of poorest countries in the world. The Netherlands has an armed force that was established… Read More »

Zimbabwe Road Network

The regional roads and primary roads in Zimbabwe. In Zimbabwe, a network of 88,100 kilometers of road has been classified, of which 17,400 kilometers are paved. According to wholevehicles, the road network of Zimbabwe is divided into two road classes with road numbers, the regional roads and the primary roads. Despite the name, regional roads… Read More »

Zambia Road Network

Zambia’s Trunk Roads. According to wholevehicles, Zambia has a total classified road network of 67,671 kilometers, with a Core Road Network (CRN) covering 40,454 kilometers in 2013. This network is divided into 3,116 kilometers Trunk Roads (T), 3,701 kilometers Main Roads (M), 13,707 kilometers District Roads (D), 5,597 kilometers Urban Roads and 14,333 kilometers Primary… Read More »

Zambia Country Overview

Zambia, officially English Republic of Zambia [r ɪ p ʌ bl ɪ k əv zæmb ɪ ə], is a landlocked country in Southern Africa with (2019) 17.9 million residents; The capital is Lusaka. Country Facts The flag of Zambia symbolizes forests (green), will for freedom (osprey) and freedom struggle (red), population (black) and copper (orange).… Read More »

Uganda Road Network

Uganda’s A-roads. Main road network According to wholevehicles, Uganda’s National Road Network (NRN) includes 21,010 kilometers of road, of which 5,370 kilometers were paved by 2021. The NRN also includes ten ferry services. The road network is divided into classes A, B, C and M (motorways). Uganda’s road network is not very extensive, but the… Read More »

Tanzania Road Network

The trunk roads of Tanzania. The country has a network of 36,258 kilometers of road in 2018, divided into trunk roads (12,222 km) and regional roads (23,512 km). About two thirds of the trunk roads are paved, 8,211 of the 12,222 kilometers. Less than 10% of the regional roads is paved, namely 1,508 of the… Read More »

Ruined City of Greater Zimbabwe (World Heritage)

The ruined city of Greater Zimbabwe is the largest pre-colonial stone structure south of the Sahara. The settlement was discovered in 1871 by the German Africa explorer Karl Mauch. The monumental city complex, which is surrounded by a 10 m high wall, was built between the 11th and 15th centuries and was probably the center… Read More »

Western Sahara History

The original inhabitants of the Western Sahara were Berber tribes who practiced cattle breeding. Arab wars of conquest reached the region in the 6th century. In the 8th–11th centuries it belonged to the Kingdom of Ghana and in the 11th–12th centuries to the Almoravid Empire. From the 11th century, the region Arabized and embraced Islam.… Read More »