Burkina Faso Road Network

By | November 14, 2022

In 2017, Burkina Faso had a network of 15,304 kilometers of road, divided into 6,728 kilometers of route nationale, 3,550 kilometers of route régionale and 5,026 kilometers of route départementale. In 2017, 24% of the classified road network in Burkina Faso was paved, which amounted to 3,673 kilometers at the time. Between 2016 and 2019, 771 kilometers of road were paved.

According to wholevehicles, Burkina Faso has a network of 22 numbered national routes. The cities of Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulasso are the main hubs of the country where the various roads to the neighboring countries begin. There are no real highways in Burkina Faso, but there are a number of grade separated intersections in Ouagadougou. A fairly large part of the routes nationales are unpaved. In 2021, a 125-kilometer ring road with 2×2 lanes will be completed around Ouagadougou. For export, Burkina Faso is dependent on various port cities in neighboring countries, and as a result the roads to Abidjan, Accra and Cotonou are important for the economy of Burkina Faso. These are also often the asphalted roads to neighboring countries. In the capital Ouagadougou, usually only the main main roads are paved, side streets are all unpaved, which is common in this region. There is one road in Ouagadougou classified as a highway, which is about 2 kilometers long and has one cloverleaf with 2×3 lanes.

Most routes of the national routes are asphalted, except in the north of Burkina Faso in particular, where unpaved dirt roads are common. Few routes nationales are completely unpaved. The important routes between the larger towns of Burkina Faso and especially to the southern neighbors have been asphalted, and some connections to Mali and Niger have also been asphalted.

In 2021, detailed plans for a 2×2 lane ‘autoroute’ between Bobo-Dioulasso and the border with Ivory Coast with a length of 158.7 kilometers have been unfolded.

National roads in Burkina Faso
N1 N2 N3 N4 N5 N6 N7 N8 N9 N10 N11 N12 N13 N14 N15 N16 N17 N18 N19 N20 N21 N22 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Road management

Het wegbeheer in Burkina Faso ligt bij het Ministry of Transport, Urban Mobility and Road Safety.


A network of roads was already built in the French colonial period, during the republic of Upper Volta (Haute-Volta) there was already a network of routes nationales that still forms the basis for road numbering in Burkina Faso. In 1981, the network of roads in Burkina Faso was established as 17,000 kilometers, of which 9,000 kilometers were classified and maintained by the government, 8,000 kilometers were not actively maintained. At the time, there was a network of 4,450 kilometers of national routes. In 1981 there was a network of approximately 1,300 kilometers of paved road, mainly the connections from Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulasso to the neighboring countries. Most other routes nationales were gravel roads and all-weather roads. At the time, it was assessed that the paved roads were generally in good condition.

The road network of Burkina Faso has improved significantly, especially in the 21st century, mainly in the period 2010-2018 the network of paved routes nationales has been expanded considerably, since then most of the routes nationales have been paved. Investments have been made in particular in the infrastructure of Ouagadougou, during which time many important city roads were widened to 2×2 lanes, also a number of grade separated connections and interchanges were built in Ouagadougou. As of 2019, a large outer ring of Ouagadougou is under development.

Road numbering

The road network of Burkina Faso is divided into Route Nationales. The N1 is the main road connecting the two largest cities. The numbers N1 to N6 start from Ouagadougou, the numbers N7 to N10 from Bobo-Dioulasso. Higher numbers are branches of that, the higher numbers are generally in the east. In addition to the routes nationales, there are also routes régionales. The N10 is Burkina Faso’s longest national route, the N1 is the most important.

National roads

# No. Route Length Remark
N1 Ouagadougou – Bobo Dioulasso 355 km fully asphalted
N2 Ouagadougou – Ouagadougou – Greenland 245 km fully asphalted
N3 Ouagadougou – Home – Dori 270 km fully asphalted
N4 Ouagadougou – Fada-Ngourma 215 km fully asphalted
N5 Ouagadougou – Eastern Ghana 160 km fully asphalted
N6 Fada-Ngourma – Kantchari – green Niger 170 km fully asphalted
N7 Bobo-Dioulasso – Banfora – Ivory Coast border 150 km fully asphalted
N8 Bobo-Dioulasso – The Best of Bobo-Dioulasso 130 km fully asphalted
N9 Bobo-Dioulasso – The Best of Bobo-Dioulasso 120 km fully asphalted
N10 Bobo-Dioulasso – Douroula – Tougan – Ouahigouya 360 km Partly asphalted
N11 Banfora – Gaoua – Batie 260 km almost completely unpaved
N12 Pâ – Gaoua – Kampto – Ivory Coast border 230 km fully asphalted
N13 Yako – Koudougou – Leo – Greens Ghana 250 km small part asphalted
N14 Koudougou – Dedougou – Green Mali 265 km fully asphalted
N15 Ouahigouya – Home – Pouytenga 310 km almost completely unpaved
N16 Baths – Bittou – grens Togo 150 km fully asphalted
N17 Manga – Tenkodogo – Sangha – greens Togo 200 km almost completely unpaved
N18 Tatarko – Fada-Ngourma – greens of Benin 200 km Half paved
N19 Kantchari – Tindangou 210 km Completely unpaved
N20 Ouagadougou – Leo – Diebougou 300 km Half paved
N21 Koudougou – Tougan 130 km fully asphalted
N22 Ouagadougou – Congo – Djibouti 200 km Half paved


The signage, insofar as it is used, is identical to that of France. Blue is also used for highways, although this “highway” is only a cloverleaf. Bowl plates are also after the French model.

Burkina Faso Road Network