Bangladesh National Symbols and Media

Bangladesh National Symbols and Media

Bangladesh Overview

Rivers as central routes for passenger and freight traffic

Rivers as central routes for passenger and freight traffic

National Symbols

The Bangladeshi flag forms a red circle, slightly to the left from the center, on a rectangular green background. The green stands for the fertility of the land as well as Islam. The red circle represents the sun and is supposed to symbolize the blood of the people who died in the course of the war of independence. An older variant of the Bangladeshi flag also depicts a yellow or orange basic shape of the country in the center of the circle. The basic form of Bangladesh also has a great identity-creating character.

The flag of Bangladesh

The flag of Bangladesh

As a country located in southern Asia according to zipcodesexplorer, the National Emblem of Bangladesh comprises in the center a stylized star lily (transliterated: eg śāpꞋlā). The plant itself is a vegetable symbol for the country as well as the jackfruit (see above). In the coat of arms, the water lily floats on four wavy lines that symbolize the abundance of water in Bangladesh. It is flanked on both sides by a rice ear. Three smaller leaves of the jute plant and four stars are depicted symbolically for the jute above the lily. The stars represent the four basic principles of the constitution – democracy, nationalism, socialism and secularism. The coat of arms has been used on the current Taka coins and in some variations is the trade seal of the highest politicians.

A visitor to a demonstration has wrapped himself in an upside-down

A visitor to a demonstration has wrapped himself in an upside-down

There are several animals that, according to the Bangladeshi Ministry of Environment and Forests, are considered to be identity-forming for Bangladeshis. These are the Hilsa fish (transliterated: ilis (MACH)), which in German Malegassendajal (transliterated: eg Syama), and Oriental Magpie-Robin, Madagaskardajal or Magpie Robin called Bird and the King Tiger, who is also Bengal Tiger (transliterated: eg Bengal ṭāigār Bagh) is called.

History & State

Independence Day: March 26, 1971

Head of state: President Abdul Hamid

Head of government: Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina Wazed

Political system: Parliamentary democracy

Democracy Status Index (BTI): Rank 87 (of 137) (2020)

Corruption Index (CPI): Rank 146 (of 180) (2019)

Media

In the cities, some daily newspapers also offer their daily edition as wall newspapers

In the cities, some daily newspapers also offer their daily edition as wall newspapers

Some independent daily newspapers have become known, among other things, for their work in investigating criminal offenses. The prothoma Alo(transliterated: Pratham Ālo), which publishes mainly in Bengali, is probably the daily newspaper with the highest circulation and the largest reach on the Internet. It also publishes shorter English-language reports on current events. It has contributed significantly to the clarification of acid attacks and often contains long and detailed articles on health topics. The majority of the media in Bangladesh are closely related to politics or business. For example, one of the largest industrial groups in the country, the Bashundhara Group, owns two of the largest daily newspapers with the East West Media Group. They are the Bengali-language newspapers Bangladesh Protidin (transliterated: Bāṃlādeś Pratidin) and the Kalter Kantha(transliterated: Kāler Kaṇṭha). It also includes the English language newspaper The Daily Sun, a radio station and television station to this corporation. The Bangladesh Export Import Company (abbr.: BEXIMCO) also owns some media. The print media therefore often report in the field of politics in the interests of the respective business enterprises to which they belong. Due to the high level of illiteracy and the fact that it is difficult for many to buy a daily newspaper for financial reasons or that there is no time to read, print media are not the most important media in Bangladesh. Radio and television take this place instead. If there is no own receiving device or no domestic power connection, the devices in shops, snack bars or salons at central locations in the individual settlement areas also serve as an access point for those interested in the media instead of exclusively for customers. The range of private broadcasters is limited in rural areas. State broadcasters like Bangladesh Television dominate there. In general, the media is not controlled by the government. However, they are under great pressure from the individual interest groups. Attacks on journalists and their murder or murder of individual family members of the journalists are increasing. Perpetrators sometimes come from religious fundamentalist groups or groups close to the government. This situation and other reasons result in a However, they are under great pressure from the individual interest groups. Attacks on journalists and their murder or murder of individual family members of the journalists are increasing. Perpetrators sometimes come from religious fundamentalist groups or groups close to the government. This situation and other reasons result in a However, they are under great pressure from the individual interest groups. Attacks on journalists and their murder or murder of individual family members of the journalists are increasing. Perpetrators sometimes come from religious fundamentalist groups or groups close to the government. This situation and other reasons result in a Ranked 146th out of 180 on the press freedom ranking of the organization Reporters Without Borders.

Here in Bengali and English.

Here in Bengali and English.