Bangladesh Human Rights

Bangladesh Human Rights

Overview

Violent assaults against ethnic minorities, unpunished rape of women, thousands of suffering suffered by child laborers, some of whom have had to live hard and short lives in bondage, or extrajudicial executions are just a few examples of human rights violations that have been committed regardless of the political regime since the country’s independence were. Human Rights Watch and ai see an unchanged precarious human rights situation in Bangladesh, a country located in southern Asia according to shoe-wiki. Bangladeshis who report on it risk their life. Some, like the photojournalist Akash, even had to leave their country because they received death threats.

The topics that continue to be significant in terms of human rights are land rights and minorities, the implementation of the Chittagong Hill Tracts peace treaty, the independence of the judiciary, which is more than ever called into question by the 16th amendment to the constitution, the National Human Rights Commission, extrajudicial executions and a culture of Impunity or lack of prosecution. The 16th constitutional amendment was ruled unconstitutional by the High Court in May 2016; the decision caused excitement and anger among parliamentarians.

Voters are waiting to go to the polling stations

Voters are waiting to go to the polling stations

The Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT)

The human rights situation for the ethnic minorities in the country (2% of the total population, around three million people) has tended to deteriorate since 2009; In the CHT, the pressure on the non-Bengali population resident there has increased. However, attacks are primarily motivated by power politics, not religiously. It is Bengali settlers who appropriate forest and land resources from the minorities. Judicial decisions and interventions by police and military forces in favor of the Bengali put the minorities under great pressure and intensify existing fears of existence. There are repeated violent attacks on ethnic minorities. Most recently, in June 2016, over 200 houses of indigenous peoples were in Langadu(Rangamati District) set alight. Chakma families had to get to safety from the Bengali who took revenge. The starting point for the riot was the alleged murder of a Bengali settler, allegedly committed by Chakmas. The CHT peace treaty of 1997 has not yet been implemented. The BNP government in particular, but also the transitional government, did not care. Hundreds of thousands of Bengals from the lowlands have been settled in the CHT in the past few decades. The current government is of the opinion that there is no conflict between Bengali and indigenous groups as there are no indigenous groupsin Bangladesh. The legitimacy of the UN Forum for Indigenous Affairs to comment on the CHT is also questioned. The international Chittagong Hill Tracts Commission, however, welcomes the recommendations of the UN Forum.

The rights of indigenous peoples in Bangladesh

Devashish Roy, also known as the “King of the Chakmas” (Chakmas are the largest indigenous group in terms of population out of eleven groups indigenous to the CHT), advocates constitutional recognition of the indigenous peoples. This is the prerequisite for protecting the rights and traditions of these peoples and ensuring their participation in political and social decision-making processes. He opposes the argument that explicit recognition of the rights of indigenous peoples undermines the principle of “equal rights for all” and perforates national unity. In this context he refers to countries such as Nepal, Malaysia and the Philippines, where the recognition of indigenous groups in the constitution has led to a reduction in discrimination and violence against indigenous people. In these countries it was also possible to integrate indigenous groups into the “mainstream” without them having to sacrifice their cultural identities.

Corruption

The extent and scope of corruption in Bangladesh are assessed by locals and international organizations as immense. For example, in 2006 and 2007, but also in other years before, Bangladesh was listed by the organization Transparency International on its corruption perception index as one of the most corrupt countries in the world. In 2017, Bangladesh was ranked 143rd out of 180. Corruption affects all areas of public and sometimes also private life – frequent examples cited are the misuse of government funds, bribery and abuse of office, and delays in processing processes. Among other things, the issuance of deeds of ownership for land, for example, is delayed or petty offenses are not punished if a corresponding amount is paid.Corruption in the Bangladeshi police. Accordingly, police officers were transferred to locations of their own personal request if they had paid an appropriate amount. As a measure against corruption, the Anti-Corruption Commission was founded in 2004 by the then Bangladeshi government. In April 2018, President Hamid again urged them to do meticulous work in all areas. This was preceded by the conviction of former Prime Minister Khaleda Zia in February. She is accused of embezzling donations for an orphanage. The donations came from a foreign bank. She is one of two former Bangladeshi heads of state who have been sentenced to prison for corruption.