Bangladesh Agriculture and Mining

Bangladesh Agriculture and Mining

Agriculture

In terms of the number of people employed in agriculture, the agricultural sector is the largest employer of all economic sectors. There the number of employees is almost half of the total population of the country. In terms of financial income, on the other hand, the agricultural sector is the one that generates the lowest share of gross domestic product with just under a sixth. Bangladesh’s agriculture (transliterated: kṛṣi) is 80% dominated by rice cultivation. In Bangladesh, a country located in southern Asia according to rctoysadvice, its technology is mainly based on old cultivation methods, such as the use of ox-drawn wooden plows with a comparatively large amount of time and manpower. Thanks to new varieties, the rice yield per hectare of rice cultivation area has tripled since the 1970’s and, at around 2,500 kg rice per hectare per year, is below the global average. General problems of agriculture in Bangladesh are a decrease in soil fertility due to the often one-sided use of the soil in the course of the cultivation of monocultures, water pollution and a decrease in biodiversity. Certain adaptation strategies in agriculture to the changed environmental conditions due to climate change in conjunction with the negative effects of human activity are being pursued and are still being sought. Possible solutions are the breeding of ducks instead of chickens, the reforestation of coastal areas to protect residents and land, the creation of floating beds in areas that are always or mostly flooded, the cultivation of more salt-resistant rice varieties or plant species that have a higher tolerance to a high Have salt content in the water, for example kohlrabi or sunflower. Other very important crops are wheat, potatoes, jute, mangoes, coconuts, cucumbers, tomatoes, cauliflower, pumpkins and onions. Except for jute, it is mostly produced for local needs. Fishing is important. Not only for the domestic market, but also for trade with the Indian state of West Bengal, the fish Hilsa is particularly important, for which the demand in West Bengal is very high. Shrimp farming is also carried out in some coastal areas, especially for export. This has serious ecological consequences, for example the salt content of the soil is increased.

Brick factory

Brick factory

Planting the seedlings in spring is part of growing rice

Planting the seedlings in spring is part of growing rice

Mining

The Geological Survey of Bangladesh (abbreviation: GSB) is the most important state organization in Bangladesh, which is dedicated to the identification and research of the occurrence of mineral raw materials in Bangladeshi soils. She has discovered many coal and gas deposits in Bangladesh and provides information on the approximate location on her website the occurrence. In addition to natural gas, crude oil and different types of coal, it lists rubble, hard rock, lime, metallic minerals, quartz sand, sand-gravel mixtures, different sands, clay and peat as the proven mineral raw materials that occur in Bangladesh. The extraction of the energy resources natural gas, crude oil and coal is central to the economy. Natural gas reserves are considered to be abundant in Bangladesh and are distributed over 27 reservoirs discovered so far. Of these, 17 gas fields are developed, from which, for example, 27.5 billion cubic meters were extracted in 2018. Because of these volumes, Bangladesh is always placed among Asia’s twenty largest natural gas producers. In addition, natural gas is the country’s most important energy source. With about 62%As a share of the electricity mix, it is crucial for all electricity generated in Bangladesh. The figures on how long Bangladesh’s natural gas reserves could last with current consumption vary widely. It is mostly assumed that the production of natural gas will remain profitable for the next ten to 15 years. The demand for natural gas exceeds domestic production, which is why natural gas is also imported. One of the reasons for this is that natural gas is used for the production of fertilizers, which in turn are intended to ensure that local agriculture is self-sufficient in terms of food. Only the Sylhet division in the north-east of the country produces oil. One of the natural gas production facilities near the place Haripur (Sylhet) first yielded petroleum in 1986. For a long time, this well was the only documented indigenous oil well that had brought in around 90 million liters of oil by the time it was closed in 1994. In 2012, additional oil deposits were discovered in some of the older natural gas fields in Sylhet. These now deliver up to 18,000 liters of crude oil every day. This reduces the country’s strong dependency on oil imports from abroad. Coal is a comparatively new mining product in Bangladesh, which has been mined by multinational companies in particular since the 1990’s, following the occurrence of the Geological Survey of Bangladesh in certain areas, for example in the Barapukuria region in 1985, were identified. The proportion of coal as an energy source for power generation is to be expanded in the future, among other things with the aim of reducing the proportion of petroleum products in power generation. However, this will not have to be made possible exclusively through domestic coal, but predominantly through coal imports. The problem with the extraction of these energy resources in Bangladesh remains the lack of local technical capacities and specialist knowledge in order to profitably extract the deposits, which are sometimes difficult to access. Therefore, foreign or multinational companies are often involved in the extraction of these mineral resources, such as the state-owned Bangladesh Petroleum Exploration and Production Company Limited (abbreviation: BAPEX) also includes the Russian company Gazprom, which was last entrusted with the development of several deposits in 2020.

Demonstration for more security for employees in the clothing industry

Demonstration for more security for employees in the clothing industry